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70 Possible Causes for Behçet Disease, Optic Disc Pallor, Retinal Lesion

  • Retinal Phlebitis

    Retinal lesions without any other associated ocular or orbital disease are unusual. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] Our patient had multiple retinal vascular occlusions, superficial retinal[] Optic disc pallor may appear in 38.4% of ICRVO and 2.0% of NICRVO within 1 year of follow up. The late phase of CRVO may also see the emergence of several complications.[] Multiple sclerosis Behçet's disease Wegener's granulomatosis Figure 1.[]

  • Retinal Artery Embolism

    When retinal emboli or other lesions were seen outside these 3 fields, additional fundus photographs were taken, if feasible.[] disc pallor Fig. 3 Transthoracic echocardiographic findings. a Mass with irregular margin in the left atrium and unclear site of attachment (in four chamber view ), b (in[] Other etiologies of CRAO include systemic vasculitis, SLE, and Behçet's disease, all autoimmune rheumatic diseases [ 3 ].[]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Areas of retinal pigment epithelium clump and atrophy (Elschnig spots), forming from the focal acute white retinal pigment epithelium lesions.[] Cat scratch disease 5. Herpes simplex 6. Herpes zoster 7. Sarcoidosis 8. Systemic lupus erythematosus 9. Behçet syndrome 10.[] Figures 1: Color photo montage of the right eye showing optic disc pallor.[]

  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

    Systemic evaluation including blood coagulation and carotid Doppler studies did not reveal any lesion.[] Bilateral optic disc pallor was then noted with recovery of CRVO.[] In addition to ruling out known causes of vasculitis, such as Behçet's disease, sarcoidosis, syphilis and Lyme disease, tests to consider include serum homocysteine level,[]

  • Retinal Arterial Branch Occlusion

    Early Findings Occuring Within Seven Days of CRAO Ocular Findings Occurrence (%) Retinal opacity at posterior pole 90 Cherry red-spot 90 Optic disc pallor 39 Retinal arterial[] Retinal lesions following long bone fractures. Ophthalmology. 1985 Mar. 92(3):370-4. [Medline]. Cohen SM, Davis JL, Gass DM.[] disease, Lyme disease, pseudotumor cerebri, Bartonella infection, HIV infection, posterior scleritis, varicella-zoster infection, multifocal retinitis with optic nerve edema[]

  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

    The diagnosis of CMV retinitis was made on the basis of ophthalmological findings suggesting typical retinal lesions.[] disc pallor ensued [Figure 1] b.[] Behçet's-related retinitis [ 12 ] See the separate article on Behçet's disease for more detail on the systemic disease.[]

  • Susac Syndrome

    RESULTS: Retinal Susac syndrome lesions comprise four different lesion sections, which can be distinguished in acute and postacute phases of the disease: a primary section[] In the later stages of Susac syndrome, optic disc pallor, vascular sheathing and silver wiring, and constriction of arterioles may be noted on funduscopic examination. 3,4[] , antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjögren syndrome and Behçet disease; see these terms).[]

  • Panuveitis

    The vitreous was clear and the fundus showed no exudates or bleeding, however,there was dilatation of retinal vascular and disc pallor of optic nerve head (Figure 6).[] […] vitritis and vasculitis, without other retinal lesions.[] Behcet's disease. N Engl J Med 1999; 341 : 1284. 2. Ozdal PC, Ortaç S, TaKkintuna I, Firat E. Posterior segment involvement in ocular Behçet's disease.[]

  • Ocular Toxoplasmosis

    The left eye fundus showed disc pallor and a large (approximately 1.5 disc diameter in size), punched out, hyperpigmented scar at the macula.[] We describe a patient with ocular hypertension and nonglaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) atrophy associated with an ocular toxoplasmosis retinal lesion.[] Behçet’s disease Sarcoidosis Others Focal disease Serpiginous/ampiginous choroiditis and others Multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis Punctate inner choroidopathy Multiple[]

  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    The authors report a case of reperfused central retinal artery occlusion leading to a globular shaped paracentral acute middle maculopathy lesion with en face OCT.[] Within 4 to 6 weeks, the retinal whitening usually resolves and optic disc pallor sets in.[] To report a case of bilateral central retinal artery occlusion as the primary ocular manifestation of Behçet disease.[]

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