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68 Possible Causes for Behçet Disease, Optic Disc Pallor, Scotoma

  • Retrobulbar Neuritis

    It was characterized by decreased visual acuity, mid dilated pupil with sluggish reaction, normal optic disc and central scotoma in Humphrey visual field.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] disc pallor and/or optic disc swelling relative afferent pupillary defect detected by the swinging light test in the affected eye, the pupil will dilate with direct illumination[medbullets.com] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases, including lupus, sarcoidosis, and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis, a fungal infection Bacterial[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

    He continued to note a scotoma in his right eye, which had improved since the initial visit.[cureus.com] Within 4 to 6 weeks, the retinal whitening usually resolves and optic disc pallor sets in.[mjdrdypu.org] To report a case of bilateral central retinal artery occlusion as the primary ocular manifestation of Behçet disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Neuritis

    She was admitted with no decrease in her complaint of central scotoma in both eyes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Conditions that have been linked with optic neuritis include: Autoimmune diseases, including lupus, sarcoidosis, and Behçet disease Cryptococcosis, a fungal infection Bacterial[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    The 24–2 automated perimetry showed an area of scotoma corresponding to the cotton wool spot.[nature.com] In the later stages of Susac syndrome, optic disc pallor, vascular sheathing and silver wiring, and constriction of arterioles may be noted on funduscopic examination. 3,4[retinatoday.com] , antiphospholipid syndrome, Sjögren syndrome and Behçet disease; see these terms).[orpha.net]

  • Retinal Phlebitis

    One patient had a progressive decrease in visual acuity, paracentral scotoma, and midperipheral perivascular sheathing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Optic disc pallor may appear in 38.4% of ICRVO and 2.0% of NICRVO within 1 year of follow up. The late phase of CRVO may also see the emergence of several complications.[ghrnet.org] Multiple sclerosis Behçet's disease Wegener's granulomatosis Figure 1.[retinalphysician.com]

  • Optic Papillitis

    […] from papilledema by an afferent pupillary defect (Marcus Gunn pupil), by its greater effect in decreasing visual acuity and color vision, and by the presence of a central scotoma[en.wikipedia.org] The most predictive signs of non-glaucomatous cupping are patient age less than 50 years and optic disc pallor in excess of cupping, which were consistent with the patient[journal.opted.org] , Wegener’s granulomatosis, Behçet disease, Lyme disease, tuberculosis, Whipple disease, etc.).[icrcat.com]

  • Optic Nerve Infarction

    . • The pattern of visual field loss may not distinguish glaucomatous damage from AION, because both may produce altitudinal scotoma, central or paracentral scotoma, and diffuse[glaucomatoday.com] Figure 3: Optic disc pallor is usually seen 6-8 weeks after the initial ischemic event.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] , Wegener’s granulomatosis, Behçet disease, Lyme disease, tuberculosis, Whipple disease, etc.).[icrcat.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    In NMO patients, 33% of patients showed both central scotoma and non-central scotoma, and 13% of patients showed non-central scotoma every time.[dx.doi.org] The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[emedicine.com] Conditions often confused with MS may be inflammatory (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease), infectious (Lyme disease[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Secondary Optic Atrophy

    SITA Standard 30-2 Humphrey Visual Field testing from the initial visit in February 2011 shows central scotoma OS.[journal.opted.org] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] Psoriasis Triggered by Infliximab in a Patient with Behçet’s Disease, Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2012, in press. [Epub ahead of print] Ohno-Matsui K, Kasahara K, Moriyama M.[tmdu-ganka.jp]

  • Retinitis

    Three months later, his corrected VA was 20/20 with relative scotoma in Amsler grid, normal color vision, no scotoma in HVF 10-2 and unchanged SDOCT findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, fundal examination did show perivascular bone spicule pigmentation, bilateral optic disc pallor, and attenuated retinal vessels ( Figure 1b ).[nature.com] Differential Diagnoses of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Infective causes Non-infective causes Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) Behçet’s disease Progressive (outer) retinal necrosis[reviewofophthalmology.com]

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