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62 Possible Causes for Bell's Palsy, Cranial Nerve Involvement, Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Thymus Hyperplasia

  • Myasthenia Gravis

    Jing Yang, Chanchan Liu, Tao Li and Chengyan Li, Prognosis of thymectomy in myasthenia gravis patients with thymus hyperplasia, International Journal of Neuroscience, 127,[] CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case of postirradiation neuromyotonia to be reported with such extensive cranial nerve and brainstem involvement.[] hyperplasia). 19 The presence of these antibodies is not attributable to disease duration, since there is no relationship between titer and duration of the disease. 24 Nor[] […] of the third cranial nerve, or myasthenia gravis (fatigable ptosis).[]

  • Herpes Zoster

    Eligible subjects had 12 months of continuous coverage, were 50 years old, and had no history of GCA or polymyalgia rheumatica.[] Facial paralysis in the absence of vesicles may indicate zoster sine herpete, which can be mistaken for Bell's palsy.[] View/Print Table TABLE 1 Ocular and Cranial Nerve Involvement in Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Structure involved Signs Time of onset (onset of rash Day 0) Eyelid/conjunctiva[] rheumatica, acute rheumatic fever. [6], [7] Individuals aged 65 years had almost four times the risk of complications of HZ when compared to those aged [3] Various dental[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A genetic approach to the aetiology of giant cell arteritis: depletion of the CD8 T-lymphocyte subset in relatives of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica and arteritis temporalis[] Facial weakness: Bell's palsy can occur alone or with other indications of brainstem disorder.[] Examples of common clinical features include 23,24 : brainstem and cranial nerve involvement: optic neuritis internuclear ophthalmoplegia (often bilateral) trigeminal neuralgia[] However, a few radiological cases have documented an involvement of peripheral cranial nerves, within the subarachnoid space, in MS patients.[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Brain Abscess

    A 77-year-old Japanese woman with a history of polymyalgia rheumatica was admitted to our hospital because of persistent fever, right flank pain, and pyuria.[] Neurological examination showed stupor consciousness, neck stiffness, multiple cranial nerves palsy, and bilateral Babinski signs.[] Complications of Brain Abscess may include: Permanent neurological damage Paralysis of one half of the body Cranial nerve palsies Intelligence and development may be retarded[] Magnetic resonance imaging showed multifocal lesions involving medulla oblongata, pons, bilateral cerebral peduncles, and bilateral cerebellar peduncles.[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    KEYWORDS: DMPK; Myotonic dystrophy type 1; Thoracic imaging; Thymic hyperplasia; Thymoma; Thymus[] Abnormalities of the thymus including hyperplasia and thymoma can be present in DM1, but do not seem to play a major role in DM1 pathogenesis.[] We observed no thymic abnormalities in 13 subjects, thymic hyperplasia in eight patients, and an invasive thymoma in one case.[] We performed imaging of the thymus in 22 patients carrying DMPK expansion. Clinical examination and routine instrumental exams were performed at the same time.[]

    Missing: Polymyalgia Rheumatica
  • Poliomyelitis

    In addition, disorders that have significant muscle and/or joint manifestations should be excluded, such as polymyalgia rheumatica, fibromyalgia, polymyositis, and rheumatoid[] Baker recognized the essential involvement of the vagal nerve in respiratory distress, but also observed that involvement of vital centers without cranial nerve involvement[] […] to the cerebral or autonomic nerve centers ( cranial nerves and respiratory center ) central respiratory paralysis References: [1] [2] Subtypes and variants Diagnostics The[] […] poliomyelitis, with weakness of the muscles supplied by the cranial nerves, and variable “encephalitis„ symptoms....[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Abducens Nerve Palsy

    EULAR-ACR Classification Criteria for Polymyalgia Rheumatica* Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) Age over 50 years New onset of localized headache Abnormality[] Jonsson L, Thuouss KA, Stenguist M, Engstrom M, Stalberg E, Bergitrom K, Lyttkens L, Svedberg A: Acute peripheral facial palsy simulating Bell’s palsy in a case of probable[] In conclusion, cranial nerve involvement in brucellosis can have good prognosis if anti-Brucella treatment is undertaken early.[] Etiologic incidence and management of the third, fourth, and sixth nerve palsies. Ophthalmology 1980; 87 : 24–43. 5. Afifi AK, Bell WE, Menezes AH.[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Postherpetic Neuralgia

    rheumatica developed on day 3.[] palsy.[] We describe a woman who developed postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) located on the skin areas of the left ophthalmic division of the fifth cranial nerve without ocular involvement[] View/Print Table TABLE 1 Ocular and Cranial Nerve Involvement in Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Structure involved Signs Time of onset (onset of rash Day 0) Eyelid/conjunctiva[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Diabetic Amyotrophy

    Polymyalgia rheumatica: treatment with corticosteroids. Be aware of associated giant cell arteritis.[] Symptoms associated with this condition include pain and aching behind one eye, pain in the pelvis or lower back, Bell’s palsy, pain in the abdomen or chest and pain the in[] Cranial nerve III involvement results in ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, and diplopia with sparing of pupillary function.[] ’s palsy) Pain in your shin or foot Pain in the front of your thigh Chest or stomach pain Sometimes mononeuropathy occurs when a nerve is compressed.[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia
  • Uveoparotid Fever

    […] in patients 50YO Associated with temporal giant cell arteritis Lab findings in polymyalgia rheumatica Treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica Symmetric proximal muscle weakness[] Infectious causes of unilateral facial palsy include herpes simplex virus–associated Bell's palsy, Lyme disease, HIV, and varicella zoster virus–associated Ramsay-Hunt syndrome[] nerve palsy.[] nerve involvement. 545. the most common nerve involved by paralysis in uveoparotid fever is a. 7th cranial nerve b. 5th cranial nerve c. 9th cranial nerve d. 10th cranial[]

    Missing: Thymus Hyperplasia