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275 Possible Causes for Bicarbonate Decreased, Chloride Increased

  • Cystinosis

    The patients were treated with polycitra, potassium chloride and Joulie’s solution.[] Activated vitamin D, dihydrotachysterol solution or Rocaltrol capsule were started at a dose 15-20 mg/kg and increased upto 40 mg/kg.[]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Measurement of the serum bicarbonate permits definitive diagnosis: acute respiratory alkalosis: serum bicarbonate decreases by 2 mM for every 10 mmHg (or 1.33kPa) decrease[] Serum chloride: Increased. Serum calcium: Decreased. Urine pH: Increased, greater than 7.0.[] The renal response to chronic hypercapnia includes a transient increase in chloride excretion and generation of hypochloremia.[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    Thus, correcting acidosis in CKD with bicarbonate decreases IL-10 secretion. Its significance needs to be further investigated. Copyright 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.[] In acidosis with a normal anion gap, plasma chloride is increased in order to maintain electrical neutrality - hyperchloraemic acidosis.[] (Decreased PO4, albumin) HYPOalbuminaemia, HYPOphosphatemia Chloride over-estimation (anion) Bromide toxicity (Read as increased chloride) Iodide toxicity Hypercholesterolemia[]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Neutralization of dietary acid with sodium bicarbonate decreases kidney injury and slows kidney function decline, but sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) has sodium; so, doctors[] Moderate metabolic acidosis (plasma bicarbonate content 15 to 20 mmol/L) is characteristic.[] Potassium may be high and bicarbonate levels may be low if you have CKD. There may also be an increase of acid in the blood.[]

  • Dehydration

    Mechanisms include bicarbonate loss in stool, ketone production from starvation, and lactic acid production from decreased tissue perfusion.[] A significant increase or decrease in chloride levels in the body can lead to serious health problems, including death.[] During diarrhoea there is an increased loss of water and electrolytes (sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate) in the liquid stool.[]

  • Hyperchloremia

    High levels of chloride are related to excess sodium or decreased bicarbonate levels in the body.[] chloride levels, hyperchloremia, hyperchloremia (diagnosis), chloride increased levels, Hyperchloremia, Hyperchloraemia, Hyperchloremia (disorder) Italian Ipercloremia Japanese[] It may occur in water depletion, dehydration, decreased bicarbonate concentration, or metabolic acidosis. hyperchloremia excess of chlorides in the blood; occurs as a result[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    […] resorption Decrease in aldosterone secretion or activity Plasma bicarbonate (mEq/L or mmol/L) Frequently 15, occasionally 10 Usually 12–20 Usually 17 Plasma potassium Usually[] An increase in intracellular pH would normally result in an increase in exchanger activity, with resorption and retention of chloride.[] A decrease in proximal tubular bicarbonate resorptive capacity results in proximal (type 2) RTA.[]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Increased alkalinity of proximal tubular cells would explain the low rate of bicarbonate reabsorption per liter glomerular filtration and the decreased rate of ammonium excretion[] The concentration of chloride in the tubule is therefore expected to increase- if the bicarbonate has been reabsorbed, more chloride must remain in the tubule to maintain[] Drugs that increase GI bicarbonate loss include calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate, and cholestyramine.[]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The nephrons, when bathed in an acidic solution, demonstrated an acid-induced adaptive decrease in bicarbonate secretion.[] A decrease in proximal tubular bicarbonate resorptive capacity results in proximal (type 2) RTA.[] Drugs that increase GI bicarbonate loss include calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate, and cholestyramine.[]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    Sodium bicarbonate was added to intravenous fluids to correct metabolic acidosis.[] When there is very little fluid compared to the concentration of solute, the pituitary will increase ADH production.[] Two hours following the admission the child was intubated and placed on a mechanical ventilator for decreased sensorium.[]

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