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61 Possible Causes for Bicarbonate Decreased, Cognitive Defect, Muscle Weakness

  • Hyponatremia

    A 52-year-old Sri Lankan man presented with anorexia, nausea, fatigue, generalized muscle weakness, and cramps for 1 week.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 15% to 20%, hyperchloremic acidosis, decreased serum bicarbonate level, potassium abnormalities (type dependent) Correct acidosis, sodium bicarbonate Salt-wasting nephropathies[aafp.org] Other symptoms include: Fatigue Convulsions Headache Muscle weakness or spasms Nausea and vomiting Restlessness Confusion Decreased consciousness Treatment of Hyponatremia[sportsinjuryclinic.net]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Neutralization of dietary acid with sodium bicarbonate decreases kidney injury and slows kidney function decline, but sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) has sodium; so, doctors[nutritionfacts.org] weakness.[emedicine.medscape.com] Moderate metabolic acidosis (plasma bicarbonate content 15 to 20 mmol/L) is characteristic.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Acidosis

    Measurement of transdiaphragmatic pressure is a useful diagnostic test for documenting respiratory muscle weakness.[emedicine.com] Labs: General Arterial Blood Gas Arterial pH decreased Serum bicarbonate decreased PaCO2 decreased PaCO2 drops 1.2 mmHg per 1 meq/L bicarbonate fall Calculated PaCO2 1.5 x[fpnotebook.com] Without treatment, RTA can affect a child's growth and cause kidney stones, fatigue, muscle weakness, and other symptoms.[kidshealth.org]

  • Hypercalcemia

    She had nausea, vomiting, leg pain, polyuria, polydipsia, and muscle weakness. At the time of relapse, the ionized calcium level was 1.99 mmol/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ionized calcium Albumin Creatinine Serum bicarbonate (milk-alkali syndrome) Serum phosphorous (decreased in primary hyperparathyroidism) Intact PTH: If laboratory evidence[clinicaladvisor.com] weakness, depression, anorexia, nausea, and constipation High level of calcium in the blood Higher than normal levels of calcium in the blood.[icd9data.com]

  • Heat Stroke

    Alkalinizing agents: These medicines, such as potassium and sodium bicarbonate, decrease the amount of acid in your blood and urine. This helps prevent organ damage.[drugs.com] The three main symptoms of rhabdomyolysis are muscle aches, muscle weakness, and darkened urine.[emedicinehealth.com] Some of the signs or symptoms include: Confusion Disorientation Dizziness Fainting Headache Lack of Sweating Muscle Weakness or Cramps Nausea Rapid Heartbeat Red or hot skin[care2.com]

  • Acute Renal Failure

    […] buildup of potassium Sodium bicarbonate is used to decrease acid buildup Acute Kidney Failure Follow-up The doctor will arrange follow-up visits as needed for the underlying[emedicinehealth.com] Muscle weakness. When your body's fluids and electrolytes — your body's blood chemistry — are out of balance, muscle weakness can result. Permanent kidney damage.[mayoclinic.org] The individual's ability to live with multisystem diseases, cope with ensuing problems, and care for himself are markedly diminished. failure of artificial pacemaker A defect[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypercapnia

    The increase in PaCO 2 , in turn, decreases the bicarbonate (HCO 3 – )/PaCO 2 ratio, thereby decreasing the pH.[emedicine.medscape.com] ‘During a relapse, respiratory muscle weakness can precipitate hypoxemia and hypercapnia of rapid onset.’ Pronunciation hypercapnia /ˌhīpərˈkapnēə[en.oxforddictionaries.com] The renal system participates in acid-base regulation by increasing or decreasing levels of bicarbonate (HCO3-).[rtmagazine.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    A 33-year-old HIV-positive man with Hepatitis C and tuberculous lymphadenitis was admitted due to deep venous thrombosis and generalized muscle weakness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] resorption Decrease in aldosterone secretion or activity Plasma bicarbonate (mEq/L or mmol/L) Frequently 15, occasionally 10 Usually 12–20 Usually 17 Plasma potassium Usually[msdmanuals.com] Other features include developmental delay, short stature, cognitive defects, and a history of multiple fractures by adolescence.[doi.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    weakness.[clinicaladvisor.com] Indeed this is much higher then expected given the relatively modest decrease in bicarbonate.[anaesthesiamcq.com] Many clinicians have observed worsening of acidemia, as evidenced by decreased serum bicarbonate concentration, after aggressive resuscitation with normal saline.[ahcmedia.com]

  • Hypernatremia

    15% to 20%, hyperchloremic acidosis, decreased serum bicarbonate level, potassium abnormalities (type dependent) Correct acidosis, sodium bicarbonate Salt-wasting nephropathies[aafp.org] High-pitched cry, muscle weakness, or unusual irritability or drowsiness in infants Headache, confusion, or irritability Drowsiness Seizures Muscle weakness or twitching Breathing[drugs.com] Lastly, rarer causes of hypernatremia in the elderly population include sodium overload from iatrogenic excessive administration of sodium bicarbonate or hypertonic saline[dovepress.com]

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