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70 Possible Causes for Bicarbonate Decreased, Dysphagia, Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

  • Esophageal Ulcer

    In turn, less prostaglandin E was available to promote bicarbonate and mucus secretion, which are protective of the gastrointestinal mucosa [ 12 ].[bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com] Esophageal involvement of multiple myeloma should be kept in mind in patients presenting with dysphagia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A ten year old child with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction had recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding after endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Peptic Esophagitis

    […] may show a decreased salivary bicarbonate response to acid perfusion challenge to the distal esophagus.[nature.com] Typical symptoms include pyrosis, dysphagia and regurgitation.[symptoma.com] Dysphagia, requiring repeat dilation, occurred in two patients after operation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastropathy

    Thus, inhibition of COX by NSAIDs reduces prostaglandin synthesis, thereby diminishing mucosal blood flow and decreasing mucus and bicarbonate secretion.[emedicine.medscape.com] […] gastritis and gastroenteritis may affect all age groups and present with failure to thrive (in children), abdominal pain, irritability, gastric dysmotility, vomiting, diarrhoea, dysphagia[cmej.org.za] METHODS: The present paper presents a retrospective single center report of 36 patients with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding caused by stress gastritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    Cigarette smoking can reduce the LES pressure[ 117 – 119 ] and decrease salivary bicarbonate secretion, thus reducing the physiological neutralizing effect of saliva on intraesophageal[doi.org] Outcomes selected were recurrent or persistent postoperative dysphagia and an abnormal 24-hour pH test result.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The complications include reflux oesophagitis (oesophageal mucosal injury), upper gastrointestinal bleeding, reflux stricture (persistent narrowing of the oesophagus), and[doi.org]

  • Duodenal Ulcer

    […] mucus, bicarbonate secretion and prostaglandins (12).[scielo.br] 56 year-old woman with dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) and odynophagia (painful swallowing).[endoatlas.com] BACKGROUND: Some scoring systems have been introduced to predict the need for performing urgent endoscopy in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastric Ulcer

    Gastrin stimulates parietal cell proliferation and increased parietal cells along with decreased somatostatin leads to acid hypersecretion.[courses.washington.edu] However NICE guidelines now suggest that a referral for urgent OGD should be done for patients presenting with either: New-onset dysphagia Aged 55 years with weight loss and[teachmesurgery.com] Although blood transfusion and famotidine were administered for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), the anemia did not improve.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Gastritis

    bicarbonate buffer, reduced blood flow, disruption of mucous layer Gross images Images hosted on other servers: Various images Microscopic (histologic) description Mild:[pathologyoutlines.com] “Alarm features" that warrant prompt gastroenterology referral [1] include bleeding, anemia, early satiety, unexplained weight loss, progressive dysphagia or odynophagia,[emedicine.com] Acute hemorrhagic gastritis is an important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, accounting for approximately one fourth of UGI bleeding in endoscopic studies.[gastrointestinalatlas.com]

  • Cushing Ulcer

    Corticosteroids significantly increase the risk of gastric ulceration by decreasing the production of gastric mucus and gastric bicarbonate, both factors that protect against[tp.amegroups.com] The condition of stress ulcer may become complicated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.[symptomscausestreatment.com] Boerhaave syndrome Caustic injury to the esophagus Chagas disease Diffuse esophageal spasm Esophageal atresia and Tracheoesophageal fistula Esophageal cancer Esophageal dysphagia[howlingpixel.com]

  • Erosive Gastritis

    bicarbonate buffer, reduced blood flow, disruption of mucous layer Gross images Images hosted on other servers: Various images Microscopic (histologic) description Mild:[pathologyoutlines.com] “Alarm features" that warrant prompt gastroenterology referral [1] include bleeding, anemia, early satiety, unexplained weight loss, progressive dysphagia or odynophagia,[emedicine.com] It is one of the common causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, yet it is seldom diagnosed and often confused with a number of other diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Peptic Ulcer

    Gastrin stimulates parietal cell proliferation and increased parietal cells along with decreased somatostatin leads to acid hypersecretion.[courses.washington.edu] […] validity of peptic ulcer and upper gastrointestinal bleeding codes in administrative data.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). Jaundice. Abdominal mass. Other tests that may be done include: Fecal occult blood test (FOBT).[cigna.com]

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