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100 Possible Causes for Bicarbonate Decreased, Polydipsia, Potassium Decreased

  • Cystinosis

    Acidosis-affected patients are often administered with sodium citrate and supplements of phosphorus as well as potassium.[] The history of muscle weakness, failure to thrive, polydipsia, and polyuria prompted subsequent clinical and laboratory evaluations, leading to the correct diagnosis of cystinosis[] A 9-month-old boy was referred to our department for evaluation of polyuria and polydipsia.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    […] resorption Decrease in aldosterone secretion or activity Plasma bicarbonate (mEq/L or mmol/L) Frequently 15, occasionally 10 Usually 12–20 Usually 17 Plasma potassium Usually[] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[] Clinical Manifestations In children the clinical spectrum is nonspecific including anorexia, failure to thrive, vomiting and dehydration, constipation, polyuria, and polydipsia[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Bicarbonate therapy The use of bicarbonate in DKA is controversial ( 62 ) because most experts believe that during the treatment, as ketone bodies decrease there will be adequate[] polydipsia.[] [medical citation needed] Whilst diabetes insipidus usually occurs with polydipsia, it can also rarely occur not only in the absence of polydipsia but in the presence of its[]

  • Hyponatremia

    15% to 20%, hyperchloremic acidosis, decreased serum bicarbonate level, potassium abnormalities (type dependent) Correct acidosis, sodium bicarbonate Salt-wasting nephropathies[] Swollen brain cells react to hyponatremic conditions by decreasing their volume over approximately 48 h by the extrusion of potassium, sodium, chloride, and organic osmolytes[] Adult schizophrenics who receive psychostimulants have also been shown to develop polydipsia with hyponatremia.[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    […] to between 7.25 and 7.30 (normal 7.35–7.45); serum bicarbonate decreased to 15–18 mmol/l (normal above 20); the person is alert Moderate: pH 7.00–7.25, bicarbonate 10–15,[] Notable findings on admission were a ventricular rate of 235 beats/min, tachypnoea, tremors, polydipsia and a lack of fever.[] Both insulin therapy and correction of acidosis decrease serum potassium levels by stimulating cellular potassium uptake in peripheral tissues.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Indeed this is much higher then expected given the relatively modest decrease in bicarbonate.[] Blood sugar will also decrease. Fluids and potassium will be given through a vein ( intravenously ). This must be done carefully.[] […] extreme acidosis (pH Signs and Symptoms – many gastric symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria/polydipsia[]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Increased alkalinity of proximal tubular cells would explain the low rate of bicarbonate reabsorption per liter glomerular filtration and the decreased rate of ammonium excretion[] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[] Due to potassium depletion : Muscle weakness, polyuria, polydipsia, nocturia.[]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The nephrons, when bathed in an acidic solution, demonstrated an acid-induced adaptive decrease in bicarbonate secretion.[] In five patients, impaired potassium excretion was associated with decreased ammonium excretion, a urinary pH below 5.5 (5.18 0.07, mean S.E.M.), and aldosterone deficiency[] In children affected by dRTA there is stunted growth, vomiting, constipation, loss of appetite, polydipsia and polyuria, nephrocalcinosis, weakness and muscle paralysis due[]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    It is the result of an increase in bicarbonate production, a decrease in bicarbonate excretion, or a loss of hydrogen ions.[] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[] Hypercalcemia itself can contribute to other complications such as nausea, constipation, polyuria, polydipsia, nephrolithiasis and renal insufficiency.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Gastrointestinal complications Hypokalemia decreases gut motility, which can lead to or exacerbate an ileus.[] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[] […] exhibit signs of the following: Abnormal heart rhythyms Constipation Fatigue Muscle Damage Muscle Weakness or spasms Paralysis [2] Nausea and vomiting Polyuria, nocturia or polydipsia[]

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