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248 Possible Causes for Bicarbonate Decreased, Potassium Decreased

  • Cystinosis

    Acidosis-affected patients are often administered with sodium citrate and supplements of phosphorus as well as potassium.[] The symptoms begin to gradually reduce as the lysosomal cystine shows a sharp decrease. Corneal cystine crystals can be removed using cysteamine eye drops.[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    […] in serum bicarbonate concentration.[] The loss of electrolytes such as phosphate, potassium and magnesium can result in cardiac dysrhythmia.[] Accumulation of the alcohols in the blood can cause an increment in the osmolality, and accumulation of their metabolites can cause an increase in the anion gap and a decrease[]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    It is the result of an increase in bicarbonate production, a decrease in bicarbonate excretion, or a loss of hydrogen ions.[] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[] The hypothesis of this study was that elevated plasma bicarbonate levels decrease respiratory drive and minute ventilation.[]

  • Hyponatremia

    15% to 20%, hyperchloremic acidosis, decreased serum bicarbonate level, potassium abnormalities (type dependent) Correct acidosis, sodium bicarbonate Salt-wasting nephropathies[] Swollen brain cells react to hyponatremic conditions by decreasing their volume over approximately 48 h by the extrusion of potassium, sodium, chloride, and organic osmolytes[] As ordered, Megan starts an I.V. infusion of 0.9% normal saline with potassium 20 mEq at a rate of 200 mL/hour for 1 liter, and then decreases the rate to 125 mL/hour.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    […] resorption Decrease in aldosterone secretion or activity Plasma bicarbonate (mEq/L or mmol/L) Frequently 15, occasionally 10 Usually 12–20 Usually 17 Plasma potassium Usually[] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[] A decrease in proximal tubular bicarbonate resorptive capacity results in proximal (type 2) RTA.[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Bicarbonate therapy The use of bicarbonate in DKA is controversial ( 62 ) because most experts believe that during the treatment, as ketone bodies decrease there will be adequate[] Insulin therapy, correction of acidosis, and volume expansion decrease serum potassium concentration.[] Moreover, several deleterious effects of bicarbonate therapy have been reported, such as increased risk of hypokalemia, decreased tissue oxygen uptake ( 65 ), cerebral edema[]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Increased alkalinity of proximal tubular cells would explain the low rate of bicarbonate reabsorption per liter glomerular filtration and the decreased rate of ammonium excretion[] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[] The normal bicarbonate resorption threshold (26-27 mmol/L) is decreased to something around 20mmol/L.[]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Decreased perfusion due to a hypovolemic state potentiates the ischemia.[] potassium level) Abdominal surgery Decreased blood supply to the intestines Infections inside the abdomen, such as appendicitis Kidney or lung disease Use of certain medicines[] potassium levels) Complications of abdominal surgery Decreased blood supply to the intestines ( mesenteric ischemia ) Infections inside the abdomen, such as appendicitis[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Ethanol increases the protein content of pancreatic juice and decreases bicarbonate levels and trypsin inhibitor concentrations.[] Serum calcium should be followed to assess for acute decrease and as part of Ranson’s criteria.[] Serum sodium and potassium are also part of the APACHE II scoring system that should be assessed frequently on these patients.[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    […] to between 7.25 and 7.30 (normal 7.35–7.45); serum bicarbonate decreased to 15–18 mmol/l (normal above 20); the person is alert Moderate: pH 7.00–7.25, bicarbonate 10–15,[] Both insulin therapy and correction of acidosis decrease serum potassium levels by stimulating cellular potassium uptake in peripheral tissues.[] At physiological pH, these 2 ketoacids dissociate completely, and the excess hydrogen ions bind the bicarbonate, resulting in decreased serum bicarbonate levels.[]

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