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69 Possible Causes for Bifid Scrotum, Microphallus

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  • Ambiguous Genitalia

    In this present study, we report a normal male karyotype manifesting microphallus, bifid scrotum/labia majora with bilateral palpable gonads, and a blind-ended pseudovagina[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Apparent male genitalia with bilateral undescended testes, a microphallus, proximal hypospadias or distal or mid-shaft hypospadias with undescended testis.[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Male fetus: micropenis, hypospadias, undescended testes, bifid scrotum.[fetalmedicine.org]

  • CHARGE Syndrome

    Abnormalities of genitalia in males include an underdeveloped penis (micropenis or microphallus) and testicles that fail to descend to the scrotum (cryptorchidism).[encyclopedia.com] […] testicles bifid scrotum cryptorchidism vaginal atresia uterine atresia congenital heart disease tetralogy of Fallot atrioventricular canal defect double outlet right ventricle[radiopaedia.org] Microphallus, penile agenesis, hypospadias, chordee, cryptorchidism, bifid scrotum, atresia of uterus, cervix and vagina, hypoplastic labia and clitoris are reported genital[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]

  • Cloacal Exstrophy

    The abortus also exhibited an imperforate anus, a bifid scrotum without a penis and a diastasic pubic rami.[spandidos-publications.com] The physical presence of a teratoma could also prevent fusion of the genital folds, resulting in a bifid scrotum and hypospadias [2] in male neonate.[jneonatalsurg.com] Malrotation/ Intestinal atresia Anal atresia Rectal prolapse Rectovaginal fistula Genitourinary External genitalia (Male: 46, XY) Ambiguous genitalia Small penis Epispadias Scrotum[criticalcare.imedpub.com]

  • Panhypopituitarism

    […] significant for periorbital edema; gynecomastia without galactorrhea; absence of a thyroid cartilage prominence (Adam’s apple); normal thyroid; no beard, pubic or axillary hair; microphallus[healio.com] The phenotype included panhypopituitarism, craniofacial dysmorphism, a small phallus with a semi bifid scrotum, and bilateral widely separated first and second toes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] May also present with the following unique features: Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) Microphallus (small penis in males) Giant Cell Hepatitis, unique, non-infectious form of[magicfoundation.org]

  • True Hermaphroditism

    […] lack of germinal epithelium in true hermaphrodites accounting for ovulation and the spermatogenesis which has been reported only in 12% of cases 19 .Phenotypic males with microphallus[ispub.com] scrotum.2.Skin specimens from various portions of the body each revealed a male chromosomal pattern.[jhu.pure.elsevier.com] […] aware of phallic growth potential 20 .Drawback with androgen therapy n childhood is that it delays only not prevents the development of psychosocial problems associated with microphallus[ispub.com]

  • Hypospadias

    See Epispadia, Micropenis/microphallus. hy·po·spa·di·as ( hī'pō-spā'dē-ăs ) A developmental anomaly characterized by a defect on the ventral surface of the penis so that the[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The search identified 110 subjects evaluated in the Urology and/or Endocrinology clinics for bifid scrotum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a boy who presented with penoscrotal hypospadias with bifid scrotum as well as a perineal groove.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pallister W Syndrome

    Hypothyroidism, microphallus, and cryptorchidism have been reported also.[ajnr.org] A prominent midline perineal raphe or bifid scrotum or both is common in males with TBS.[jmg.bmj.com] Other genitourinary abnormalities described in addition to microphallus and cryptorchidism are renal hypoplasia or agenesis and renal ectopia.[ajnr.org]

  • Reifenstein Syndrome

    The phenotype in 11 affected family members ranged from a minimal defect in virilization in two (microphallus and bifid scrotum), to a more severe abnormality in eight (perineoscrotal[nejm.org] In the two living members, one had a micropenis with otherwise normal genitalia, while the other had a small phallus, perineoscrotal hypospadias, bifid scrotum, and persistence[jamanetwork.com] Some individuals have severe hypospadias, an unusually small penis, and bifid scrotum.[crm.diseaseinfosearch.org]

  • Male Pseudohermaphroditism

    In a 5-yr-old 46,XY male pseudohermaphrodite with microphallus, perineal hypospadias, chordee and cryptorchidism, serum C19 steroid levels were abnormally low in the basal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The second patient had ambiguous genitalia (perineoscrotal hypospadias, bifid scrotum with palpable gonads) with a 46 XY chromosomal pattern.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The initial manifestations were sexual ambiguity (26), microphallus and hypospadias (2), and primary amenorrhea (1).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome

    […] categories) Predominantly Female (incomplete AIS) Inguinal OR labial testes Clitomegaly and labial fusion Distinct urethral and vaginal openings OR a urogential sinus Ambiguous Microphallus[en.wikibooks.org] Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS) typically presents with micropenis, perineoscrotal hypospadias, and a bifid scrotum with descending or undescending testes and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Predominantly female (incomplete AIS) Inguinal or labial testes Labial fusion and enlarged clitoris Distinct urethral and vaginal openings or a urogenital sinus PAIS Ambiguous Microphallus[encyclopedia.com]

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