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123 Possible Causes for Bilateral Ankle Clonus

  • Dementia

    Hoffman sign and ankle clonus.[] […] examination revealed several elements of a frontal lobe dysfunction including apathy with motor impersistence, presence of primitive reflexes, generalized hyperreflexia with bilateral[]

  • Spinal Cord Compression

    Bilateral Babinski's sign and ankle clonus were positive. He had no bladder or bowel dysfunction.[]

  • Myelopathy

    She was diffusely hyper-reflexic with sustained right ankle clonus, positive crossed adductor, suprapatellar, and pectoralis reflexes, bilateral plantar extensor responses[] bilateral Babinski signs.[] There was slight decrease in joint position and vibration sensation at the toes bilaterally.[]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    The knee and ankle jerk were exaggerated and the plantars were up, bilaterally. Patellar clonus was present, with hypoesthesia below D 9 level.[]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Hoffmann’s sign, Barre’s sign, Babinski’s sign, and ankle clonus were negative. Romberg sign was negative. One-leg standing was possible and stable.[] Deep tendon reflexes of the bilateral upper extremities were normal, but the bilateral patella tendon reflex and Achilles tendon reflex were hyper.[]

  • Cervical Herniated Disc

    Cervical herniated disc results in posterior or posterolateral protrusion of the intervertebral disc, most commonly in the C6-C7 segments of the cervical spine. Causes include spinal degeneration and sometimes trauma. Patients may be asymptomatic, but nerve root compression can give rise to symptoms such as pain,[…][]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Neuropathology. 2017 Feb;37(1):78-85. doi: 10.1111/neup.12327. Epub 2016 Jul 20. Author information 1 Department of Neuropathology, Institute for Medical Science of Aging, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Japan. 2 Department of Neurology, Oyamada Memorial Spa Hospital, Yokkaichi, Japan. 3 Department of Neurological[…][]

  • Heat Stroke

    Despite wide variations in ambient temperatures, humans and other mammals can maintain a constant body temperature by balancing heat gain with heat loss. When heat gain overwhelms the body's mechanisms of heat loss, the body temperature rises, potentially leading to heat stroke. Excessive heat denatures proteins,[…][]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    Abstract The purpose of this article is to report brain MRI findings of merosin-negative congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) in two cases and to discuss its differentiation from other CMD subtypes. The cases were investigated by 1.5 Tesla MRI equipment using T1-weighted, T2-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion[…][]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal cord infarction was initially described in the era previous to the availability of MRI. This entity occurs in children and affects the thoracic spinal cord, usually presenting as a delayed cord injury. Patients have a high incidence of associated blunt thoracic or retroperitoneal trauma and[…][]

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