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313 Possible Causes for Bilateral Babinski's Reflex, Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    brainstem reflexes (eg, jaw jerk), the dissociation of automatic and volitional movements of the bulbar muscles with preservation of automatic movements, and the absence[] Pseudobulbar palsy is a clinical syndrome of dysarthria, dysphagia, a hyperactive gag reflex and labile emotional responses.[] […] distinguished from bulbar paralysis and from disorders of the cranial nerves and neuromuscular junction (eg, botulism and myasthenia gravis) by normal eye movements, preserved or hyperactive[]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    Bilateral upper and lower limb weakness with increased bilateral upper limb reflexes and Babinski reflexes were found.[] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[] , Babinski Decreased or absent: hyporeflexia, cutaneous reflexes decreased or absent Involuntary movements Muscle spasms: flexor or extensor With denervation: fasciculations[]

  • Hypoglycemia

    BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (PHH) is an increasingly recognized complication of gastric bypass surgery in obese adults, distinct from the "dumping syndrome". CASE PRESENTATION: Upon birth, primary repair of esophageal atresia was performed, and at the age of 14 months definite esophageal[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Hyponatremia

    Hyponatremia Other names Hyponatraemia, low blood sodium, hyponatræmia Sodium Specialty Internal medicine Symptoms Decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, poor balance, confusion, seizures, coma [1] [2] Types Low volume, normal volume, high volume [3] Diagnostic method Serum sodium 135 mmol/L [2] Differential[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Carotid Stenosis

    Carotid artery stenosis is a narrowing or constriction of any part of the carotid arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis. Signs and symptoms [ edit ] The common carotid artery is the large artery whose pulse can be felt on both sides of the neck under the jaw. On the right side it starts from the[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Stroke

    Spasticity is a common issue in chronic stroke. To date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of Fu's subcutaneous needling in combination with constraint-induced movement therapy in chronic stroke. This report describes the successful addition of acupuncture on spasticity and arm function[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    INTRODUCTION: The propositus - a two-week-old boy - was transferred to our university hospital for investigation of increased head circumference and full fontanel. On ultrasound, thrombosis of the right internal cerebral vein and intraventricular haemorrhage was diagnosed, confirmed by MRI. Family history revealed[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Anterior Cerebral Artery Occlusion

    Interv Neuroradiol. 2017 Aug;23(4):416-421. doi: 10.1177/1591019917702521. Epub 2017 Apr 26. Author information 1 1 Radiology, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Republic of Korea. 2 2 Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    , bilateral Babinski reflex Good Blood tests, comprehensive of calcium and phosphate, were normal.[] Progressive, severe: memory, orientation, attention (MMSE 19.5/30) Depression Early (diffuse hypertonia, resting and intentional tremor, gait disturbances) Inexhaustible glabellar reflex[]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Extensive and repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations showed only diffuse abnormality in brain and spinal cord, but no focal lesions. We propose[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

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