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46 Possible Causes for Bilateral Babinski's Reflex, Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[amboss.com] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[termedia.pl] In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[americannursetoday.com] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[aafp.org]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[aclr.com.es] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[wheelessonline.com]

  • Myelitis

    The symptoms and signs depend on the level of the spinal cord affected and the extent of involvement of the long tracts.[prognosisapp.com] The patient with detrusor hyperreflexia had an unrecordable CMCT-TA.[jnnp.bmj.com] Lower extremities remained largely flaccid with absent deep tendon reflexes and Babinski reflexes bilaterally.[nature.com]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com] Muscle pain may be caused by clonus or hyperreflexia. Many patients complain of muscle cramps.[aafp.org]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com] […] with paraplegia and sphincter dysfunction Incomplete spinal cord syndromes Unilateral motor or sensory deficits [ 10 ] Gait ataxia [10] Reflexes may vary from absent to hyperreflexia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Cervical Spine Fracture

    Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] Hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski signs, and Hoffmann signs indicate spinal cord compression, although areflexia is common initially in an emergency injury.[orthopaedicsone.com] This is characterized by spastic motor paralysis with hyperactive tendon reflexes, occasionally severe autonomic hyperreflexia, and some return of involuntary bladder function[trauma.org]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] Hyperreflexia, extensor plantar response and increased muscle tone are the recognized UMN signs where as the weakness, muscle wasting, hyporeflexia, muscle cramps, and fasciculations[explainmedicine.com] 12, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; SPG12]() Human gene(s) implicated [RETICULON 2; RTN2]() Symptoms and phenotype Spastic paraplegia 12 is characterized by lower limb spasticity and hyperreflexia[flybase.org]

  • Cervical Cord Compression

    tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[orthobullets.com] Several findings indicative of an ongoing pathological process involving the cervical spinal cord are: Hyperreflexia - A brisk triceps reflex accompanied by the absence of[symptoma.com] Hyperreflexia . Heightened deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle are potential indicators of spinal cord compression and dysfunction. Clonus .[spine-health.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] Deep tendon reflexes of the bilateral upper extremities were normal, but the bilateral patella tendon reflex and Achilles tendon reflex were hyper.[healio.com] Autonomic hyperreflexia occurs because nerve messages that were once able to go up the spinal cord to the brain are blocked.[uiortho.com]

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