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11 Possible Causes for Bilateral Babinski's Reflex, Lead Encephalopathy, Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis

  • Brain Abscess

    Brain abscess (or cerebral abscess) is an abscess caused by inflammation and collection of infected material, coming from local (ear infection, dental abscess, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, epidural abscess) or remote (lung, heart, kidney etc.) infectious[…][]

  • Stroke

    AIDS, preterm birth, malaria, neonatal encephalopathy, and congenital causes ( figure 12 ).[] Superior sagittal sinus and cerebral cortical venous thrombosis caused by congenital protein C deficiency: case report. Neurol Med Chir. 2000 ; 40 : 645–649.[] Country-specific leading causes of YLLs Worldwide, the top ten causes of YLLs were ischaemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, stroke, diarrhoea, road injury, HIV[]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    The other frequent manifestations are focal neurological deficits and diffuse encephalopathies with seizures.[] , cerebral sinovenous thrombosis , dural sinus thrombosis , sagittal sinus thrombosis , and sinus thrombosis .[] Keywords Sinus Thrombosis Superior Sagittal Sinus Magnetic Resonance Venography Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Predispose Risk Factor Introduction Cerebral venous sinus[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] to pial vessel rupture, 7 intracranial vertebral artery dissection, 8 Moyamoya disease, 9 posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, 10 and postpartum angiopathy, which[] […] with recanalization of the cortical vein but a patent superior sagittal sinus.[] […] and include ruptured saccular 1 – 4 and mycotic 5 aneurysms, ruptured arteriovenous malformations, 3, 4 intracranial venous thrombosis, 6 pregnancy-induced hypertension leading[]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    […] vein and sigmoid sinus.[] MR venography revealed multiple irregularities in the superior sagittal sinus and left transverse sinus.[] Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed at the time of admission, demonstrated left-sided tentorial SDH, and focal cerebral thrombosis of the left superficial sylvian[]

  • Encephalitis

    The bilateral Babinski sign was present, the knee reflexes were normal and there was no rigidity. The spinal fluid showed no increase in cells or globulin.[] MRI can also exclude lesions that mimic viral encephalitis (eg, brain abscess, sagittal sinus thrombosis).[]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    In nonalcoholic patients, numerous causes of nutritional deficiency of thiamine can lead to Wernicke encephalopathy in both pediatric and adult patients, including parenteral[] The patient developed weakness in the four limbs, with hypotonicity, absence of tendon reflexes and showed bilateral Babinski signs.[] Thrombosis of the superficial dural sinus system (the superior and inferior sagittal sinuses, transverse sinuses, and cortical veins) typically results in cerebral edema and[]

  • Cortical Blindness

    […] to infarction or herniation, common causes of death in eclampsia. 5,36,37 Although hypertensive encephalopathy-related brain edema occurs in several conditions including[] The patient’s DTRs had also improved to 3 along with a decreased bilateral Babinski’s and only 4 beats of right ankle clonus.[] […] symptoms of headache, nausea, vomiting, cortical blindness, and convulsions. 10,35 The edematous brain can also displace brain structures and reduce perfusion, ultimately leading[]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Cerebellar pathology is a prominent portion of the neuropathology of childhood lead encephalopathy.[] ; bilateral Babinski sign; and mild limb ataxia.[] Vascular e.g. superior sagittal sinus thrombosis.  3. Inflammatory e.g. encephalitis, meningio-encephalitis.  4. Neoplastic e.g. parasagittal meningioma.  5.[]

  • Acute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis

    […] to encephalopathy. [4], [5] Patients present with the following neurological complaints: stroke, mononeuropathies, polyneuropathies, Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), myelitis[] Brisk deep tendon reflexes, bilateral Babinski sign and ankle clonus were present.[] Thrombosis of the superior sagittal sinus was caused by a platelet–fibrin thrombus.[]