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55 Possible Causes for Bilateral Knee Effusion

  • Arthritis

    After point-of-care ultrasound demonstrated bilateral knee effusions with complex, heterogeneous material, subsequent workup revealed a diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis[] Abstract Point-of-care musculoskeletal ultrasound can provide information about joint effusions and the quality of the effusion.[] This case report describes the findings of a previously healthy pediatric patient with acute onset of knee swelling and abnormal gait.[]

  • Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis, also known as osteoarthrosis, degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is a degenerative disorder arising from the biochemical breakdown of articular cartilage in the synovial joints. It commonly affects the hands, hips and knees.[]

  • Pseudogout

    Two weeks prior to this surgery, she had sudden bilateral knee swelling was diagnosed in her home country of bilateral knee osteoarthritis with effusion and arthrocentesis[] Bilateral wrist x-rays showed triangular fibrocartilage complex chondrocalcinosis.[]

  • Knee Disorder

    Abstract The purposes of this study were to evaluate the outcome of longitudinal research on the patellar height of immature athletes, and to clarify the relationship with disorders of the knee extensor mechanism. The patellar height of 40 young male soccer players (80 knees) was observed with radiographs of[…][]

  • Knee Sprain

    A knee sprain occurs when the ligament(s) of the knee sustains damage. Sprains result from sports and recreational activities, direct knee contact, or falls. Knee trauma is particularly common in young athletes. The patient history for a knee sprain, especially that of an ACL tear, is positive for a popping[…][]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Background Rituximab is a selective, B‐cell depleting, biologic agent for treating refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is a chimeric monoclonal antibody targeted against CD 20 that is promoted as therapy for patients who fail to respond to other biologics. There is[…][]

  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Abstract Systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (SoJRA) constitutes about 10-20% of all JRA. However more than two-thirds of the mortality seen in JRA patients is accounted for by SoJRA. Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS), which can also be considered as a form of secondary hemophagocytic[…][]

  • Reiter's Syndrome

    When he was seen 3 weeks later, the patient had a 3-lb weight loss, bilateral conjunctivitis, neck stiffness, and effusions of both knees and one ankle.[]

  • Bacterial Arthritis

    Bacterial arthritis is predominantly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, streptococci, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Joint pain and swelling (involving either one or more joints), as well as fever, are three cardinal symptoms seen in these patients. The diagnosis can be made after a proper physical examination, while the[…][]

  • Chondromalacia Patellae

    Abstract A series of 45 patients with chondromalacia patellae demonstrated clinically and by arthrotomy, but without demonstrable biomechanical misalignment, was investigated retrospectively. Thirty-one of the patients had only been treated conservatively while partial chondrectomy was performed in 14. All of the[…][]

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