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273 Possible Causes for Bilateral Small Kidneys

  • Hereditary Nephritis

    Ultrasound examination revealed bilateral small kidneys. He was severely hypertensive; audiometry and ophthalmic examinations were normal.[] Kidneys vary from very small to very large. When bilateral, renal function is severely affected resulting in oligohydramnios and Potter syndrome.[] In conclusion, this case serves to remind us: 1) that in patients presenting late to nephrologists with bilateral small kidneys, the diagnosis can still be made in some instances[]

  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis

    kidneys with thin granular cortex and increased peripelvic fat Gross images Images hosted on other servers: Due to hypertension Chronic glomerulonephritis Bilaterally small[] […] membranoproliferative (50%), IgA nephropathy (30 - 50%, slow) Paradoxically, nephrotic syndrome symptoms decrease as glomeruli disappear Gross description Symmetrically small[] kidneys Microscopic (histologic) description Glomerulosclerosis, tubular atrophy and thyroidization, interstitial fibrosis and lymphocytic inflammation Arterial and arteriolar[]

  • Lupus Nephritis

    Relative contraindications to biopsy include the presence of a bleeding diathesis, solitary kidney and advanced kidney disease with bilaterally small kidneys.[]

  • Renal Tuberculosis

    " – sacs of caseous, necrotic material Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically[] Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically 54.[] […] inflammation and necrosis Several cysts surrounding a calyx with cortical thinning Infundibular strictures Hydrocalyces without dilatation of renal pelvis, or Hydronephrosis "Putty kidney[]

  • Scleroderma Renal Disease

    In our case, the patient was seen late with end-stage kidney failure with small bilateral kidneys contraindicating the realization of renal biopsy.[] Ultrasonographic scan of the abdomen revealed normal-sized kidneys with grade two renal parenchymal changes and small pleural effusions bilaterally.[]

  • Renal Agenesis

    It is important to differentiate between renal agenesis and a small atrophic kidney, and, of course, to ensure that the kidney is actually missing (i.e. check for a pelvic[] Minimal empiric risks to offspring of individuals with congenital solitary kidney are 7% congenital solitary kidney and 1% for bilateral renal agenesis.[] Bilateral renal agenesis is said to carry a recurrence risk of 3% for sporadic cases.[]

  • Nodular Glomerulosclerosis

    […] of a premature infant who died soon after birth are markedly enlarged bilaterally and microscopically show numerous small radially arranged cysts.[] […] systemic lupus erythematosus D Polyarteritis nodosa E Nodular glomerulosclerosis GO TO: NEXT QUESTION - or - INDEX OF QUESTIONS - or - EXAM MENU Question 41 At autopsy, the kidneys[]

  • Oligomeganephronia

    A 23 year-old male was investigated for hypertension, moderate renal insufficiency, persistent proteinuria and bilateral small kidneys.[] small kidneys.[] The condition is usually bilateral & inherited in autosomal recessive pattern. Both kidneys contain many hundreds of small cysts which result in renal insufficiency.[]

  • Aortic Arteriosclerosis

    The association between the severity of arteriosclerosis in the thoracic aorta in patients with isolated aortic stenosis (AS) and with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) has been not evaluated. Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare the thoracic aortic atheroma extent and severity in patients[…][]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Renal ultrasound showed bilateral small kidneys with medullary nephrocalcinosis.[] […] diagnosis, and treatment: A 4-year, 10-month-old Caucasian boy presented with failure to thrive, developmental delay, and ocular findings consisting of horizontal nystagmus, bilateral[]

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