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318 Possible Causes for Bilateral Small Kidneys

  • Chronic Pyelonephritis

    Vesicoureteral reflux and chronic pyelonephritis are usually associated with proteinuria of less than 1 gm. per 24 hours. When there is massive proteinuria an associated glomerulopathy is usually present. We describe a patient who had nephrotic syndrome with radiological evidence of ureterovesical reflux and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lupus Nephritis

    Relative contraindications to biopsy include the presence of a bleeding diathesis, solitary kidney and advanced kidney disease with bilaterally small kidneys.[academic.oup.com]

  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis

    kidneys with thin granular cortex and increased peripelvic fat Gross images Images hosted on other servers: Due to hypertension Chronic glomerulonephritis Bilaterally small[pathologyoutlines.com] […] membranoproliferative (50%), IgA nephropathy (30 - 50%, slow) Paradoxically, nephrotic syndrome symptoms decrease as glomeruli disappear Gross description Symmetrically small[pathologyoutlines.com] kidneys Microscopic (histologic) description Glomerulosclerosis, tubular atrophy and thyroidization, interstitial fibrosis and lymphocytic inflammation Arterial and arteriolar[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Nonallergic Interstitial Nephritis

    Kumar & Clark s Clinical Medicine 8 builds on the prize-winning formula that won the first prize in the BMA Book Awards Medicine Category in 2010 (7th edition) and 2006 (6th edition). This book is comprehensive, student friendly (if still intimidating in size!) and covers such a vast breadth of knowledge. It still[…][books.google.com]

  • Scleroderma with Renal Involvement

    In our case, the patient was seen late with end-stage kidney failure with small bilateral kidneys contraindicating the realization of renal biopsy.[omicsonline.org] Ultrasonographic scan of the abdomen revealed normal-sized kidneys with grade two renal parenchymal changes and small pleural effusions bilaterally.[jpma.org.pk]

  • Alport Syndrome

    Ultrasound examination revealed bilateral small kidneys. He was severely hypertensive; audiometry and ophthalmic examinations were normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Kidneys vary from very small to very large. When bilateral, renal function is severely affected resulting in oligohydramnios and Potter syndrome.[quizlet.com] In conclusion, this case serves to remind us: 1) that in patients presenting late to nephrologists with bilateral small kidneys, the diagnosis can still be made in some instances[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Agenesis

    To characterise better the involvement of RET and GDNF in kidney development defects, a series of 105 fetuses with bilateral defects, including renal agenesis, severe hypodysplasia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Objective and methods To characterise better the involvement of RET and GDNF in kidney development defects, a series of 105 fetuses with bilateral defects, including renal[doi.org] It is important to differentiate between renal agenesis and a small atrophic kidney, and, of course, to ensure that the kidney is actually missing (i.e. check for a pelvic[radiopaedia.org]

  • Benign Arteriolar Nephrosclerosis

    […] nephrosclerosis [ nef″ro-sklĕ-ro sis ] hardening of the kidney, usually associated with hypertension and disease of the renal arterioles. It is characterized as benign or malignant depending on the severity and rapidity of the hypertension and arteriolar changes. arteriolar nephrosclerosis that involving chiefly the[…][medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Renal Tuberculosis

    " – sacs of caseous, necrotic material Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically[learningradiology.com] Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically 54.[slideshare.net] […] inflammation and necrosis Several cysts surrounding a calyx with cortical thinning Infundibular strictures Hydrocalyces without dilatation of renal pelvis, or Hydronephrosis "Putty kidney[learningradiology.com]

  • Aortic Arteriosclerosis

    BACKGROUND: The association between the severity of arteriosclerosis in the thoracic aorta in patients with isolated aortic stenosis (AS) and with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) has been not evaluated. Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare the thoracic aortic atheroma extent and severity in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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