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252 Possible Causes for Bilateral Small Kidneys

  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis

    kidneys with thin granular cortex and increased peripelvic fat Gross images Images hosted on other servers: Due to hypertension Chronic glomerulonephritis Bilaterally small[] […] membranoproliferative (50%), IgA nephropathy (30 - 50%, slow) Paradoxically, nephrotic syndrome symptoms decrease as glomeruli disappear Gross description Symmetrically small[] kidneys Microscopic (histologic) description Glomerulosclerosis, tubular atrophy and thyroidization, interstitial fibrosis and lymphocytic inflammation Arterial and arteriolar[]

  • Lupus Nephritis

    Relative contraindications to biopsy include the presence of a bleeding diathesis, solitary kidney and advanced kidney disease with bilaterally small kidneys.[]

  • Renal Tuberculosis

    " – sacs of caseous, necrotic material Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically[] Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically 54.[] […] inflammation and necrosis Several cysts surrounding a calyx with cortical thinning Infundibular strictures Hydrocalyces without dilatation of renal pelvis, or Hydronephrosis "Putty kidney[]

  • Hereditary Nephritis

    Kidneys vary from very small to very large. When bilateral, renal function is severely affected resulting in oligohydramnios and Potter syndrome.[] When bilateral, kidneys are functional for 5-10 yrs. Constitute 20% of juvenile population on dialysis. What is oligomeganephronia?[] Small kidneys with exceptionally hypertrophied nephrons. A defect in nephrogenesis that produces abnormal cells and tissues .[]

  • Scleroderma Renal Disease

    In our case, the patient was seen late with end-stage kidney failure with small bilateral kidneys contraindicating the realization of renal biopsy.[] Ultrasonographic scan of the abdomen revealed normal-sized kidneys with grade two renal parenchymal changes and small pleural effusions bilaterally.[]

  • Renal Agenesis

    It is important to differentiate between renal agenesis and a small atrophic kidney, and, of course, to ensure that the kidney is actually missing (i.e. check for a pelvic[] Minimal empiric risks to offspring of individuals with congenital solitary kidney are 7% congenital solitary kidney and 1% for bilateral renal agenesis.[] Bilateral renal agenesis is said to carry a recurrence risk of 3% for sporadic cases.[]

  • Nodular Glomerulosclerosis

    […] of a premature infant who died soon after birth are markedly enlarged bilaterally and microscopically show numerous small radially arranged cysts.[] […] systemic lupus erythematosus D Polyarteritis nodosa E Nodular glomerulosclerosis GO TO: NEXT QUESTION - or - INDEX OF QUESTIONS - or - EXAM MENU Question 41 At autopsy, the kidneys[]

  • Aortic Arteriosclerosis

    Abstract The number of aortic valve stenoses (AS) caused by arteriosclerosis increases recently. The aim of this study was to determine the association of AS and arteriosclerosis-related disease. 60 patients with valvular AS and peak aortic jet pressure gradient of more than or equal to 36 mmHg, diagnosed by[…][]

  • Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Type 9

    Urine culture was positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and abdominal ultrasound revealed bilateral small kidneys.[] An abdominal ultrasound revealed bilateral small kidneys (right 59 25 mm, and left 54 24 mm) with decreased parenchymal thickness, decreased corticomedullary differentiation[] The combination of mental retar­dation, obesity, postaxial polydactyly, and bilateral renal hypoplasia were compatible with the diagnosis Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS).[]

  • Nonallergic Interstitial Nephritis

    The new edition of Allergy, by Drs. Stephen Holgate, Martin Church, David Broide, and Fernando Martinez, uses an enhanced clinical focus to provide the clear, accessible guidance you need to treat allergy patients. A more consistent format throughout features new differential diagnosis and treatment algorithms,[…][]

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