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219 Possible Causes for Bilateral Small Kidneys

  • Hereditary Nephritis

    Ultrasound examination revealed bilateral small kidneys. He was severely hypertensive; audiometry and ophthalmic examinations were normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In conclusion, this case serves to remind us: 1) that in patients presenting late to nephrologists with bilateral small kidneys, the diagnosis can still be made in some instances[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Glomerulonephritis

    kidneys with thin granular cortex and increased peripelvic fat Gross images Images hosted on other servers: Due to hypertension Chronic glomerulonephritis Bilaterally small[pathologyoutlines.com] […] membranoproliferative (50%), IgA nephropathy (30 - 50%, slow) Paradoxically, nephrotic syndrome symptoms decrease as glomeruli disappear Gross description Symmetrically small[pathologyoutlines.com] kidneys Microscopic (histologic) description Glomerulosclerosis, tubular atrophy and thyroidization, interstitial fibrosis and lymphocytic inflammation Arterial and arteriolar[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Renal Tuberculosis

    " – sacs of caseous, necrotic material Autonephrectomy – small, shrunken kidney with dystrophic calcification Bilateral, but frequently asymmetric About 75% unilateral radiologically[learningradiology.com] […] inflammation and necrosis Several cysts surrounding a calyx with cortical thinning Infundibular strictures Hydrocalyces without dilatation of renal pelvis, or Hydronephrosis "Putty kidney[learningradiology.com]

  • Scleroderma Renal Disease

    In our case, the patient was seen late with end-stage kidney failure with small bilateral kidneys contraindicating the realization of renal biopsy.[omicsonline.org] Ultrasonographic scan of the abdomen revealed normal-sized kidneys with grade two renal parenchymal changes and small pleural effusions bilaterally.[jpma.org.pk]

  • Renal Agenesis

    To characterise better the involvement of RET and GDNF in kidney development defects, a series of 105 fetuses with bilateral defects, including renal agenesis, severe hypodysplasia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is important to differentiate between renal agenesis and a small atrophic kidney, and, of course, to ensure that the kidney is actually missing (i.e. check for a pelvic[radiopaedia.org] Minimal empiric risks to offspring of individuals with congenital solitary kidney are 7% congenital solitary kidney and 1% for bilateral renal agenesis.[nature.com]

  • Aortic Arteriosclerosis

    BACKGROUND: The association between the severity of arteriosclerosis in the thoracic aorta in patients with isolated aortic stenosis (AS) and with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) has been not evaluated. Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare the thoracic aortic atheroma extent and severity in[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Benign Arteriolar Nephrosclerosis

    Benign hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis is progressive kidney damage caused by long-standing, poorly controlled high blood pressure (hypertension). The person may develop symptoms of chronic kidney disease such as loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, itching, and confusion. The person may also have symptoms[…][merckmanuals.com]

  • Nonallergic Interstitial Nephritis

    Pediatric Urology is an up-to-date, clinical reference that provides detailed descriptions of the best approaches for the functional, biological, and morphological aspects of the urinary tract before and after birth. John G. Gearhart, Richard C. Rink, and Pierre D. E. Mouriquand cover all areas of the field, including[…][books.google.com]

  • Radiation Nephritis

    Abstract Acute radiation nephritis typically affects the kidneys 3-12 months after radiation exposure and may occur with doses as low as 2500 rads. After an initial latent period, the affected portions of the kidneys become swollen and edematous, and develop multiple petechiae. Necrotizing vasculitis and interstitial[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    Abstract Malignant hypertension may present with retinopathy, choroidopathy, and optic neuropathy. Flame-shaped retinal hemorrhages, an early finding, are due to smooth muscle necrosis and bleeding along the nerve fiber layer. Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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