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16 Possible Causes for Bitemporal Hemianopsia, Injury of the Optic Chiasm, Panhypopituitarism

  • Pituitary Neoplasm

    Cushing-like effects, diplopia, bitemporal hemianopsia and diabetes insipidus are some of many symptoms that can be encountered.[symptoma.com] If all the hormones produced by the pituitary are affected this condition is known as panhypopituitarism.[my.clevelandclinic.org] Patients often initially present to their primary physicians with complaints of headache from irritation of the dura mater or fatigue from panhypopituitarism, and as the tumor[med.virginia.edu]

  • Empty Sella Syndrome

    A 48-year-old man with a prolactin-secreting macroadenoma treated with cabergoline presented with progressive bitemporal hemianopsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hormonal evaluation and cranial MRI revealed a panhypopituitarism with empty sella.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Decrease in visual acuity, generalized by narrowing of its peripheral fields, bitemporal hemianopsia are possible.[iliveok.com]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    An examination of her visual fields revealed bitemporal hemianopsia. Her corrected visual acuity with eye glasses was insufficient.[semanticscholar.org] The diaphragma separates the anterior lobe from the overlying optic chiasm.[clinicalgate.com] On confrontation, he had bitemporal hemianopsia that was confirmed by Humphrey visual field testing.[healio.com]

  • Sellar Tumor with Suprasellar Extension

    On confrontation, he had bitemporal hemianopsia that was confirmed by Humphrey visual field testing.[healio.com] Anterior pituitary hormonal deficiency: Panhypopituitarism or varying degrees of loss of any of the six hormones may occur.[patient.info] The potential for an injury to the optic nerves, chiasm, and hypothalamus is greater in patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery for recurrent pituitary tumors (55), especially[pituitary.org]

  • Pituitary Adenoma

    Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with bitemporal hemianopsia and visual impairment accompanied by mildly elevated prolactin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract In rare cases, pancytopenia results from hormonal deficiencies that arise in the setting of panhypopituitarism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Compression of the optic chiasm causes loss of peripheral vision.[innerbody.com]

  • Pituitary Apoplexy

    Neurological examination disclosed bitemporal hemianopsia. Computed tomography (CT) scans revealed a suprasellar mass including intratumoral hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] platelet count (HELLP) syndrome was diagnosed in a 35-year-old woman at 39 weeks' gestation, magnetic resonance imaging and hormone examination revealed pituitary apoplexy with panhypopituitarism[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They are induced by pituitary apoplexy's compression on optic chiasm or nerve which is suspected by the displacement noted on imaging.[surgicalneurologyint.com]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    Ocular examination revealed complete bitemporal hemianopsia and slight exotropia. Central visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There was panhypopituitarism on endocrine testing and visual field examination showed inexorably progressive loss to bitemporal hemianopsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Traction injury of the optic chiasm may have been caused by a deficient diaphragma sellae and inadequate packing and repair of the sella floor.[scinapse.io]

  • Gonadotropic Pituitary Adenoma

    Suprasellar extension causing optic chiasm compression can result in bitemporal hemianopsia or even more extensive visual field deficits.[oregonclinic.com] This case indicates that the pituitary function may partially recover after pregnancy in panhypopituitarism patients.[journals.lww.com] Compression of the optic chiasm causes loss of peripheral vision.[innerbody.com]

  • Anterior Pituitary Disease

    In pituitary apoplexy, hemorrhagic infarction of a pituitary tumor causes sudden-onset headache and visual field defects (bitemporal hemianopsia) and impairment in anterior[ime.acponline.org] Abstract Anterior pituitary insufficiency (panhypopituitarism) may result from any pathologic process that destroys the anterior lobe.[annals.org] Compression of the optic chiasm causes loss of peripheral vision.[innerbody.com]

  • Corticotroph Pituitary Adenoma

    Bitemporal hemianopsia is classically produced by compression of the optic chiasm.[primarycare.imedpub.com] Patients often initially present to their primary physicians with complaints of headache from irritation of the dura mater or fatigue from panhypopituitarism, and as the tumor[med.virginia.edu] Compression of the optic chiasm causes loss of peripheral vision.[innerbody.com]

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