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23 Possible Causes for Bitemporal Hemianopsia, Prolactin Increased, Sellar Tumor with Suprasellar Extension

  • Craniopharyngioma

    Of the seventeen (63%) patients presenting with varying degrees of bitemporal hemianopsia, all had improvement in vision postoperatively.[] In this paper we report a case of mixed pituitary adenoma/craniopharyngioma observed in a 75-year-old woman presenting with diplopia and slight increase of serum prolactin[] Craniopharyngiomas are uncommon benign locally aggressive epithelial tumors mostly located in the sellar and suprasellar regions.[]

  • Pituitary Adenoma

    Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with bitemporal hemianopsia and visual impairment accompanied by mildly elevated prolactin.[] Some women produce breast milk even though they are not breastfeeding ( galactorrhea ) because of a related increase in prolactin.[] tumor, with suprasellar and parasellar extensions.[]

  • Launois Syndrome

    Symptoms related to the compressive effects of the tumor include headaches, visual disturbances such as bitemporal hemianopsia, and signs of hypopituitarism.[]

  • Prolactinoma

    Clinically, the patient was found to have hypogonadism and bitemporal hemianopsia.[] Causes of high prolactin levels in the blood: Primary Hypothyroidism : this is due to increased TRH levels which is known to stimulate prolactin levels Renal failure : prolactin[] A 48-year-old man with a prolactin-secreting macroadenoma treated with cabergoline presented with progressive bitemporal hemianopsia.[]

  • Chromophobe Adenoma

    Abstract A 50-year-old man with bitemporal hemianopsia and an enlarged sella turcica was found to have hyperthyroidism with elevated serum thyrotropin levels (17 mμg per milliliter[] Thioridazine was found to increase the serum prolactin level as well as the tumor size of a prolactin--secreting pituitary chromophobe adenoma in a schizophrenic man [12].[] […] masses with suprasellar or parasellar extension.[]

  • Acromegaly

    In addition, bitemporal hemianopsia was observed on campimetry. After further examination, the patient was diagnosed with acromegaly.[] Other manifestations of local tumor effects In the case of a huge tumor with suprasellar extension into the third ventricle obstructing the foramen of Munro, hydrocephaly[] A 50-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with headache, mild acromegaly, and bitemporal hemianopsia.[]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    An examination of her visual fields revealed bitemporal hemianopsia. Her corrected visual acuity with eye glasses was insufficient.[] Pituitary stalk compression can also cause diabetes insipidus and may increase prolactin levels causing a milky discharge from the breast (galactorrhea).[] Germ cell tumor presenting as sellar mass with suprasellar extension and long history of hypopituitarism. Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2010; 31: 306-9. .[]

  • Granulomatous Giant-Cell Hypophysitis

    A neurologic examination revealed bitemporal hemianopsia.[] The preoperative serum endocrine levels revealed thyroid and adrenal axis insufficiencies, but increased of levels of prolactin.[] (B) Cystic appearing triangular shaped and inhomogeneously enhancing sellar mass with suprasellar extension and thickening of the pituitary stalk.[]

  • Somatotrophic Pituitary Adenoma

    Humphrey visual field 24-2 showing a bitemporal hemianopsia. Figure 2.[] […] of prolactin increase.[] Pituitary adenoma General Clinical: [10] Classically: visual field defects (bitemporal hemianopsia).[]

  • Corticotroph Pituitary Adenoma

    Bitemporal hemianopsia is classically produced by compression of the optic chiasm.[] Estrogen also induces hyperplasia and hypertrophy of prolactin cells and increases prolactin secretion.[] This type of pituitary adenoma results in: • Blurry vision • Loss of peripheral vision, called bitemporal hemianopsia • Loss of color perception, the ability to distinguish[]