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30 Possible Causes for Bitemporal Hemianopsia, Prolactin Increased, Syncope

  • Craniopharyngioma

    Of the seventeen (63%) patients presenting with varying degrees of bitemporal hemianopsia, all had improvement in vision postoperatively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this paper we report a case of mixed pituitary adenoma/craniopharyngioma observed in a 75-year-old woman presenting with diplopia and slight increase of serum prolactin[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People may present with bitemporal inferior quadrantanopia leading to bitemporal hemianopsia, as the tumor may compress the optic chiasm.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Empty Sella Syndrome

    A 48-year-old man with a prolactin-secreting macroadenoma treated with cabergoline presented with progressive bitemporal hemianopsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to increase after thyrotrophin releasing hormone (TRH, 500 microgram), confirmed the diagnosis of panhypopituitarism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Decrease in visual acuity, generalized by narrowing of its peripheral fields, bitemporal hemianopsia are possible.[iliveok.com]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    An examination of her visual fields revealed bitemporal hemianopsia. Her corrected visual acuity with eye glasses was insufficient.[semanticscholar.org] He denied any disturbances in visual perception, history of seizure or syncope. Neurologic and general examination yielded no further findings.[synapse.koreamed.org] Pituitary stalk compression can also cause diabetes insipidus and may increase prolactin levels causing a milky discharge from the breast (galactorrhea).[pituitary.org]

  • Sellar Tumor with Suprasellar Extension

    On confrontation, he had bitemporal hemianopsia that was confirmed by Humphrey visual field testing.[healio.com] […] presenting signs and symptoms included headache (63%), vomiting (50%), visual field defects (61%), ocular paresis (40%), mental deterioration (13%), hyponatremia (13%), and syncope[cancer.gov] Prolactin-secreting tumors are most frequently responsible for cavernous sinus extension, and typically prolactin level increase significantly when the tumor gains access[radiopaedia.org]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    […] or syncope associated with this headache Migraine itself is not a risk factor for SAH, but remember that migraine‐sufferers may have SAH as well![emergencymedicinecases.com] It has been reported that acute stress increases prolactin levels 21.[scielo.br] Ask for any headache preceding syncope![emdidactic.blogspot.com]

  • Acromegaly

    In addition, bitemporal hemianopsia was observed on campimetry. After further examination, the patient was diagnosed with acromegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The present article reports the case of a 50-year-old male acromegalic patient who presented symptoms of syncope induced by ventricular tachycardia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 50-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with headache, mild acromegaly, and bitemporal hemianopsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pituitary Adenoma

    Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with bitemporal hemianopsia and visual impairment accompanied by mildly elevated prolactin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the coronary, retinal, renal, celiac, femoral, and pulmonary arteries Pulmonary hypertension Intracardiac myxomas may create ball-valve obstructions that cause unexpected syncopal[emedicine.medscape.com] Some women produce breast milk even though they are not breastfeeding ( galactorrhea ) because of a related increase in prolactin.[merck.com]

  • Prolactinoma

    Clinically, the patient was found to have hypogonadism and bitemporal hemianopsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common side effects are nausea, nasal congestion, dizziness, hypotension, syncope, and sedation.[pituitaryadenomas.com] Causes of high prolactin levels in the blood: Primary Hypothyroidism : this is due to increased TRH levels which is known to stimulate prolactin levels Renal failure : prolactin[houstonendocrine.com]

  • Anterior Pituitary Hypofunction

    Enlarged sella turcica Headache, visual field defects (bitemporal hemianopsia- due to compression of optic chiasm), diplopia (due to oculomotor nerve palsies). what is Sheehan[brainscape.com] […] presenting signs and symptoms included headache (63%), vomiting (50%), visual field defects (61%), ocular paresis (40%), mental deterioration (13%), hyponatremia (13%), and syncope[cancer.gov] Circulating prolactin levels are lowest at midday, with a modest increase occurring during the afternoon.[patient.info]

  • Autoimmune Hypophysitis

    A neurologic examination revealed bitemporal hemianopsia.[kjim.org] […] man who presented to us with the complaints of documented body temperature fluctuations since two months followed gradually by hoarseness of voice, sexual dysfunction and syncope[jcdr.net] […] and is increased in the disease, is considered. antipituitary antibody autoimmune disease cytokine immune system lymphocytic hypophysitis (LYH) prolactin Abbreviations: APA[clinsci.org]

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