350 Possible Causes for Biventricular Hypertrophy

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Such changes may include eccentric cardiac hypertrophy with a resultant increase in left ventricular volume, and mass or concentric hypertrophy with increased ventricular[aafp.org] Cardiac manifestations include biventricular enlargement with dysfunction, apical aneurysm, sinus node dysfunction, and high-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. [ 22 ] Takotsubo[emedicine.medscape.com] Noncompaction of the myocardium involves the right ventricle and is occasionally biventricular.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    hypertrophy Chest X-ray Cardiomegaly with increased pulmonary vascular markings Treatment Close the atrial and/or ventricular septal defects with patch material and repair[echocardiology.org] Chest x-ray shows cardiomegaly with right atrial enlargement, biventricular enlargement, a prominent main pulmonary artery segment, and increased pulmonary vascular markings[merckmanuals.com] Predicting feasibility of biventricular repair of right-dominant unbalanced atrioventricular canal. Ann Thorac Surg 1997;63:1657• ) 33.[slideshare.net]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    In some cases thickening of the septum (septal hypertrophy) can narrow the margins of the defect. [17] Right ventricular hypertrophy The right ventricle is more muscular than[en.wikipedia.org] The cardinal features (Figure 1 ) consist of an interventricular communication, or ventricular septal defect, biventricular connection of the aortic root, which overrides[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] This malformation is infrequently described as sub-pulmonary stenosis or subpulmonary obstruction . [19] Overriding aorta An aortic valve with biventricular connection, that[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    A large PDA may be associated with signs of biventricular hypertrophy (BVH) and in those with pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) may be present.[patient.info] In the patient with a large ductus arteriosus and elevated pulmonary artery pressure, signs of right atrial enlargement and biventricular hypertrophy are frequently present[circ.ahajournals.org] ECG is often normal in small or moderate PDA but there may be signs of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).[patient.info]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Evaluation of RV systolic pressure (as an estimate of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) is done qualitatively by looking for right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), the[ccasociety.org] Biventricular systolic function assessment. TTE imaging An ASD is a three-dimensional structure even though it is described in serial uniplanar views.[ccasociety.org] Assess biventricular function. Examine morphology/function of pulmonary valve. Look for doming leaflets, commissural fusion, and restricted motion. Measure PA size.[ccasociety.org]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    With large VSDs the ECG shows biventricular hypertrophy (BVH) with or without LAH.[patient.info] This is usually associated with hypertrophy of the ventricle and can be demonstrated with echocardiography or contract radiography.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This increased LV volume results in LV dilatation and then hypertrophy.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

    Transthoracic echocardiography revealed massive biventricular hypertrophy, dilated right chambers, and severe tricuspid stenosis ( Panel A , left hand).[academic.oup.com] hypertrophy Cardiomegaly Increased pulmonary vascularity Hypocalcemia (if associated with DiGeorge syndrome ) Classification [ edit ] The most well-known classification was[en.wikipedia.org] Electrocardiogram showed normal sinus rhythm with right QRS axis deviation and biventricular hypertrophy. Figure 1.[ijp.tums.pub]

  • Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    AR, Aortic regurgitation; ASD, atrial septal defect; BP, blood pressure; BVH, biventricular hypertrophy; CDG, congenital disorders of glycosylation; CHD, congenital heart[unboundmedicine.com] hypertrophy and signs of pulmonary HPT  right ventricular enlargement and hypertrophy(if not treated) 12.[slideshare.net] Large defects with a big shunt have biventricular hypertrophy due to the pressure load on the RV and the volume load on the LV.[medacad.wikispaces.com]

  • Cardiac Amyloidosis

    BashaHI, Raj E, Bachuwa G (2013) Cardiac amyloidosis masquerading as biventricular hypertrophy in a patient with multiple myeloma. BMJ Case Rep 2013.[esciencecentral.org] It was present in 25% of patients with LV hypertrophy, whereas 7% of patients without LV hypertrophy were identified as having atrial fibrillation ( 42 ).[content.onlinejacc.org] Cardiac amyloidosis, presents as a progressive diastolic and subsequently systolic biventricular dysfunction and arrhythmias.[wikiecho.org]

  • Common Ventricle

    ; and in 23 cases both trabecular and outlet portions were not seen because of muscular hypertrophy.[frontiersin.org] The AV connection is biventricular when each atrium connects separately with one ventricle.[frontiersin.org] Hearts with biventricular AV connection and single VA connection: associated anomalies .[frontiersin.org]

Further symptoms