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210 Possible Causes for Biventricular Hypertrophy

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    hypertrophy Chest X-ray Cardiomegaly with increased pulmonary vascular markings Treatment Close the atrial and/or ventricular septal defects with patch material and repair[] , three leaflets with cleft in left atrioventriular valve Cardiac Auscultation Pulmonary flow murmur Atrioventricular regurgitation Electrocardiogram Left axis deviation Biventricular[]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Biventricular cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure in the presence of a pre-existing atrial septal defect (ASD) are a rare association of primary aldosteronism.[] hypertrophy.[] Present findings suggest that aldosteronism contributes to cardiac remodelling and biventricular hypertrophic changes.[]

  • Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    AR, Aortic regurgitation; ASD, atrial septal defect; BP, blood pressure; BVH, biventricular hypertrophy; CDG, congenital disorders of glycosylation; CHD, congenital heart[] hypertrophy and signs of pulmonary HPT  right ventricular enlargement and hypertrophy(if not treated) 12.[] Large defects with a big shunt have biventricular hypertrophy due to the pressure load on the RV and the volume load on the LV.[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    […] or biventricular hypertrophy.[] Right axis deviation suggests associated right ventricular hypertrophy (i.e. biventricular enlargement ).[] Biatrial enlargement Left ventricular hypertrophy or biventricular enlargement Left bundle branch block ( RBBB can also occur). Left axis deviation.[]

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    A large PDA may be associated with signs of biventricular hypertrophy (BVH) and in those with pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) may be present.[] In the patient with a large ductus arteriosus and elevated pulmonary artery pressure, signs of right atrial enlargement and biventricular hypertrophy are frequently present[] ECG is often normal in small or moderate PDA but there may be signs of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).[]

  • Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

    Transthoracic echocardiography revealed massive biventricular hypertrophy, dilated right chambers, and severe tricuspid stenosis ( Panel A , left hand).[] hypertrophy Cardiomegaly Increased pulmonary vascularity Hypocalcemia (if associated with DiGeorge syndrome ) Classification [ edit ] The most well-known classification was[] Electrocardiogram showed features of biventricular hypertrophy. Chest X-ray showed features of cardiomegaly and right aortic arch.[]

  • Acromegaly

    (biventricular or asymmetric septal) Congestive heart failure Pulmonary: [1] [2] [5] [6] Obstructive sleep apnea Macroglossia Upper airway obstruction Ventilatory dysfunction[] The specific treatment for arterial hypertension in these patients is not well defined. 9,87 Cardiomyopathy Biventricular hypertrophy is the typical finding of acromegalic[] Cardiovascular features • Hypertrophy (biventricular or asymmetric septal) • Congestive Heart Failure (systolic and/or diastolic) • Coronary disease • Arrhythmias • Hypertension[]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    With large VSDs the ECG shows biventricular hypertrophy (BVH) with or without LAH.[] The electrocardiogram may show features of either left or right ventricular hypertrophy, but often shows features of biventricular hypertrophy (Figure 12 ).[] With a moderate VSD, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and occasionally left atrial hypertrophy (LAH) may be seen.[]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    Katz-Wachtel phenomenon (biventricular hypertrophy pattern) is observed. Dr. Mahmut Gokdemir has donated this ECG to our website.[]

  • Cardiac Amyloidosis

    BashaHI, Raj E, Bachuwa G (2013) Cardiac amyloidosis masquerading as biventricular hypertrophy in a patient with multiple myeloma. BMJ Case Rep 2013.[] (A) Steady-state free precession images of the basal and mid short axis views of LV at end diastole show biventricular concentric hypertrophy from case 2.[]

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