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31 Possible Causes for Black Vomit, Exsanguination, Sudden Death

  • Esophageal Varices

    Signs of bleeding include: Vomiting blood Black, tarry or bloody stool Feeling lightheaded or passing out (usually when there is a lot of bleeding).[] PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT CHARACTERIZATION PROGNOSTIC FACTORS SUDDEN DEATH Esophageal variceal hemorrhage presenting as sudden death in outpatients. Tsokos M, Turk EE.[] Approximately two thirds die at the time of their hemorrhage. 1 Stopping the hemorrhage is essential not only because of the danger of exsanguination but also to avoid the[]

  • Exsanguination

    […] blood; bright red, dark red, or coffee grind appearance Black Stool, with a tarry texture and foul smell Pain tenderness, bruising, or swelling Bruised or rigid abdomen Internal[] Cardiac arrest and sudden death in dialysis units. Kidney Int. 2001;60:350–7. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 5. Winsett OE, Wolma FJ.[] Exsanguination can be achieved by a variety of techniques, including elevation alone, use of an Esmarch or crepe bandage, or a Rhys-Davies exsanguinator.[]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Acute gastrointestinal bleeding first will appear as vomiting of blood, bloody bowel movements, or black, tarry stools.[] Exsanguinating hemorrhage has been reported from larger vessels. The larger vessels are located deeper in the gastric and duodenal submucosa and serosa.[] Moreover, they excluded individuals with massive exsanguination and acute coronary syndrome[9].[]

  • Tonsillitis

    vomit (GOSH 2017) For most children, however, a tonsillectomy won't be necessary.[] The initial report of this infant's death was questionable sudden infant death syndrome and questionable smothering.[] Two cases are reported to illustrate features of specific cases: Case 1: a 12-year-old girl who exsanguinated from a pharyngocarotid fistula caused by a retropharyngeal abscess[]

  • Esophageal Leiomyoma

    An exceedingly rare case of an esophageal leiomyoma causing sudden death by asphyxiation due to tracheal compression is presented.[] Exsanguinating haemorrhage from an oesophageal-aortic fistula is rare. Cervical lymph nodes should be searched for.[] Complication Esophageal leiomyoma complications Complications esophageal hiatus hernia esophageal diverticulum sudden death The disease occurs at the same time often have[]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    […] of blood Bloody or black stools Blood in the urine Vaginal bleeding Unexplained bruises Severe abdominal or back pain Seizures or loss of consciousness in advanced cases[] Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[] Some conditions associated with acute DIC include septic shock, exsanguinating trauma, burns, or acute promyelocytic leukemia.[]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Symptoms Some of the symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding include: Blood in the vomit Coffee ground appearance of vomit Black, tarry stool Bright red blood in stool[] death associated with cocaine.[] Cirocco W, Reilly J, Rusin L: Life-threatening hemorrhage and exsanguination from Crohn’s disease . Dis Colon Rectum 1995, 38 :85–95. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 3.[]

  • Hemoperitoneum

    Signs of bleeding in the upper digestive tract include Bright red blood in vomit Vomit that looks like coffee grounds Black or tarry stool Dark blood mixed with stool Signs[] Nevertheless, this event ought to be taken into account asa cause of sudden death in people with advanced liver disease.[] Owing to the higher risk of exsanguination and death caused by hemoperitoneum, it is essential to diagnose these cases for proper management and better prognosis of the patients[]

  • Traumatic Rupture of Pulmonary Vessels

    Coffee ground appearance Bright red or pink Brown to black Laboratory Alkaline pH Acidic pH Mixed with macrophages and neutrophils Mixed with food particles View/Print Table[] This can result in shock (circulatory collapse) and sudden death.[] Exsanguination due to right ventricular rupture during closed-chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation . J Emerg Med 2002 ; 23 ( 2 ): 161 - 164 . 10.[]

  • Hepatic Rupture

    Symptoms of Bleeding Varices Symptoms include: Vomiting of blood Black, tarry, or bloody stool Low blood pressure Rapid heart rate Lightheadedness Shock (in severe cases)[] It is a case of a 26-year-old Thai female with primigravida and 34 weeks gestational age that had sudden unexpected death.[] The site of exsanguination was distended by tumor, culminating in sudden bursting of the hepatic capsule.[]

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