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100 Possible Causes for Black Vomit, Hematemesis, Sudden Death

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Acute gastrointestinal bleeding first will appear as vomiting of blood, bloody bowel movements, or black, tarry stools.[emedicinehealth.com] All of the emergency department visits by children ages 0 to 18 years who presented with hematemesis between 2000 and 2007 were reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract bleeding, the bleeding source is uncertain in the absence of hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Esophageal Varices

    Signs of bleeding include: Vomiting blood Black, tarry or bloody stool Feeling lightheaded or passing out (usually when there is a lot of bleeding).[giforkids.com] We present a case of previously unreported sudden unexpected death from noncirrhotic PVT in an asymptomatic elderly woman, review the literature of this entity, and examine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We herein report a case of a 50-year-old male with hematemesis due to the rupture from esophageal varices coexisting with multiple liver tumors metastasizing from[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Yellow Fever

    The trademark of the disease, however, was the victim's black vomit, composed of blood and stomach acids.[web.archive.org] This sudden exit was of common occurrence. The whole number of deaths in 1793 by yellow fever was more than four thousand."[web.archive.org] Hemorrhage and erosion of the gastric mucosa lead to hematemesis, popularly known as black vomit.[emedicine.com]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    […] of blood Bloody or black stools Blood in the urine Vaginal bleeding Unexplained bruises Severe abdominal or back pain Seizures or loss of consciousness in advanced cases[healthcommunities.com] Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[addl.purdue.edu] References: [3] [4] Clinical features Bleeding manifestations Petechiae, purpura, ecchymoses Oozing of blood from surgical wounds, intravenous lines Hematuria Hematemesis,[amboss.com]

  • Peptic Ulcer

    Call the doctor right away if your child has bloody (red or black) vomit or stools.[virtualpediatrichospital.org] . 3 Patients should seek immediate medical attention if they vomit blood or food eaten hours to days before, feel cold and clammy or weak and dizzy, or have sudden and severe[pharmacytimes.com] In a recent report, nearly all AGF patients died of massive hemorrhage or aspiration of massive hematemesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Marburg Virus Disease

    Disease was characterized by the sudden appearance of fever and anorexia within 4 to 7 days, and death by day 11.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It features neurological symptoms, impaired mental status, hematemesis, bloody diarrhea, and bleeding from other sites.[symptoma.com] On 13 July, he developed confusion, seizures, hematemesis, and hematochezia, and died later that day.[doi.org]

  • Ebola Virus Disease

    She had uncontrollable diarrhea and vomiting.[web.archive.org] Sudden death occurred in a small fraction of patients who were in the recovery phase of their illness, possibly as the result of fatal arrhythmias.[nejm.org] The patient’s condition continued to worsen, and she experienced hematemesis and vaginal bleeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Symptoms Some of the symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding include: Blood in the vomit Coffee ground appearance of vomit Black, tarry stool Bright red blood in stool[news-medical.net] death associated with cocaine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] without hematemesis or coffee ground emesis could be separated out).[doi.org]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Symptoms include vomiting blood, black stool, decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate and massive hemorrhage.[livestrong.com] death of traumatic or neurological origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hematemesis and melena: Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 1980;5:289-292.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    Symptoms A person with this condition will vomit blood or pass black, sticky stools after periods of vomiting, retching or coughing.[cedars-sinai.edu] , unexpected death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hemoglobin, as well as hematocrit, should be monitored, especially in patients who reported severe hematemesis.[symptoma.com]

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