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104 Possible Causes for Black Vomit, Melena, Sudden Death

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Acute gastrointestinal bleeding first will appear as vomiting of blood, bloody bowel movements, or black, tarry stools.[emedicinehealth.com] The clinical presentation features primarily hematemesis, melena, and epigastric pain.[symptoma.com] We report a case of an unusually large Brunneroma in a patient who presented with fresh melena and anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Esophageal Varices

    Signs of bleeding include: Vomiting blood Black, tarry or bloody stool Feeling lightheaded or passing out (usually when there is a lot of bleeding).[giforkids.com] We present a case of previously unreported sudden unexpected death from noncirrhotic PVT in an asymptomatic elderly woman, review the literature of this entity, and examine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Esophageal varices is one of the most important comorbidity related liver cirrhosis, patients usually presented with hematemesis, melena, or both, ultimately 20%[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Yellow Fever

    The trademark of the disease, however, was the victim's black vomit, composed of blood and stomach acids.[web.archive.org] This sudden exit was of common occurrence. The whole number of deaths in 1793 by yellow fever was more than four thousand."[web.archive.org] The trademark of the disease, however, was the victim’s black vomit, composed of blood and stomach acids.[tennesseeencyclopedia.net]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Symptoms include vomiting blood, black stool, decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate and massive hemorrhage.[livestrong.com] death of traumatic or neurological origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hematemesis and melena: Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 1980;5:289-292.[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Peptic Ulcer

    Call the doctor right away if your child has bloody (red or black) vomit or stools.[virtualpediatrichospital.org] . 3 Patients should seek immediate medical attention if they vomit blood or food eaten hours to days before, feel cold and clammy or weak and dizzy, or have sudden and severe[pharmacytimes.com] RESULTS: Of all patients admitted for endoscopy, 147/649 (23%) had PUD with the main symptom of melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bleeding Peptic Ulcer

    Blood may appear in the vomit. It may appear either red or black, or resemble coffee grounds.[drugs.com] Peptic ulcers can lead to gastro-intestinal bleeding, which if sudden and serious (because of eating into a blood vessel), can cause imminent death.[monitor.co.ug] , and 29/281 (10.3%) with melena alone, p 0.01, OR 20.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Symptoms Some of the symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding include: Blood in the vomit Coffee ground appearance of vomit Black, tarry stool Bright red blood in stool[news-medical.net] death associated with cocaine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The prevalence of an upper GI source for patients with melena or hematochezia without hematemesis was 32% to 74%.[doi.org]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    Symptoms A person with this condition will vomit blood or pass black, sticky stools after periods of vomiting, retching or coughing.[cedars-sinai.edu] , unexpected death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The Mallory-Weiss syndrome is characterized by repeated bouts of retching and/or vomiting followed by the sudden onset of hematemesis or melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    […] of blood Bloody or black stools Blood in the urine Vaginal bleeding Unexplained bruises Severe abdominal or back pain Seizures or loss of consciousness in advanced cases[healthcommunities.com] Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[addl.purdue.edu] […] old man was found unconscious; on admission found to have disseminated intravascular coagulation with concern of upper gastrointestinal bleed after he was found to have melena[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy

    ) Differential diagnosis Carnitine deficiency Jamaican vomiting sickness Lábrea hepatitis Reye syndrome Salicylate intoxication Yellow fever Additional references World J[pathologyoutlines.com] Women or couples with known defects in fatty acid oxidation and women with a history of previous liver disease during pregnancy or sudden death of a child within the first[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Soon thereafter, the patient had profuse melena and haematemesis and she died on the 13th day after delivery.[doi.org]

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