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139 Possible Causes for Black Vomit, Melena, Sudden Death

  • Esophageal Varices

    Signs of bleeding include: Vomiting blood Black, tarry or bloody stool Feeling lightheaded or passing out (usually when there is a lot of bleeding).[giforkids.com] PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT CHARACTERIZATION PROGNOSTIC FACTORS SUDDEN DEATH Esophageal variceal hemorrhage presenting as sudden death in outpatients. Tsokos M, Turk EE.[thedoctorsdoctor.com] Esophageal varices is one of the most important comorbidity related liver cirrhosis, patients usually presented with hematemesis, melena, or both, ultimately 20% is the mortality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Yellow Fever

    At one time it was called “Black Vomit” because of the characteristic black putrid vomit it produces.[infoplease.com] This sudden exit was of common occurrence. The whole number of deaths in 1793 by yellow fever was more than four thousand."[eyewitnesstohistory.com] Symptoms of bleeding include black vomit, nose bleed, gum bleeding, and purple pin-point spots (bruising).[ok.gov]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Acute gastrointestinal bleeding first will appear as vomiting of blood, bloody bowel movements, or black, tarry stools.[emedicinehealth.com] The presence of any one of the following characteristics identified all of the children with a clinically significant hemorrhage: melena, hematochezia, unwell appearance,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The clinical presentation features primarily hematemesis, melena, and epigastric pain.[symptoma.com]

  • Tonsillitis

    Presentations may not be straightforward and there may be misleading histories of epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis and even melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] vomit (GOSH 2017) For most children, however, a tonsillectomy won't be necessary.[babycentre.co.uk] The initial report of this infant's death was questionable sudden infant death syndrome and questionable smothering.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

    Symptoms A person with this condition will vomit blood or pass black, sticky stools after periods of vomiting, retching or coughing.[cedars-sinai.edu] , unexpected death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The Mallory-Weiss syndrome is characterized by repeated bouts of retching and/or vomiting followed by the sudden onset of hematemesis or melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    […] old man was found unconscious; on admission found to have disseminated intravascular coagulation with concern of upper gastrointestinal bleed after he was found to have melena[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of blood Bloody or black stools Blood in the urine Vaginal bleeding Unexplained bruises Severe abdominal or back pain Seizures or loss of consciousness in advanced cases[healthcommunities.com] Hemorrhage into the central nervous system may cause acute onset of neurological dysfunction or sudden death.[addl.purdue.edu]

  • Rotavirus

    Children can also experience: vomiting black or tarry stools stools with blood or pus in them severe fatigue a high fever irritability dehydration abdominal pain Dehydration[healthline.com] Rotavirus can, rarely, cause severe complications such as encephalopathy/encephalitis, myocarditis, sudden death, urinary stone, and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding; and the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Rotavirus antigenemia levels were not high at the onset of melena, suggesting that systemic rotaviral infection does not play an important role in causing melena.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    Symptoms Some of the symptoms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding include: Blood in the vomit Coffee ground appearance of vomit Black, tarry stool Bright red blood in stool[news-medical.net] death associated with cocaine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Five months after the surgery, she was re-admitted because of melena and anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    Hematemesis and melena: Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 1980;5:289-292.[bestpractice.bmj.com] Symptoms include vomiting blood, black stool, decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate and massive hemorrhage.[livestrong.com] death of traumatic or neurological origin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amphotericin B

    ., fever, persistent sore throat ), mental/mood changes, seizures , black stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds.[webmd.com] We report some patients with kala-azar in whom coadministration of SAG and amphotericin B led to arrhythmia and sudden death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] GI: anorexia, nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, diarrhea, epigastric pain, cramping, melena, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis.[glowm.com]

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