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84 Possible Causes for Blackwater Fever

  • Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

    There is severe breakdown of red blood cells, sometimes with so much release of HAEMOGLOBIN that it appears in the urine ( BLACKWATER FEVER ).[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Abstract Infection with Plasmodium falciparum may result in such potentially lethal complications as acute renal failure, blackwater fever, cerebral malaria, and pulmonary[annals.org] See also algid malaria, blackwater fever, malaria. fal·cip·a·rum ma·lar·i·a ( fal-sip'ă-rŭm mă-lar'ē-ă ) Disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum and characterized by intense[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cinchonism

    Quinine may also trigger a rare form of hypersensitivity reaction in malaria patients, termed blackwater fever, that results in massive hemolysis, hemoglobinemia, hemoglobinuria[en.wikipedia.org] Quinine may also trigger a rare form of hypersensitivity reaction in malaria patients termed blackwater fever that results in massive hemolysis , hemoglobinemia , hemoglobinuria[ipfs.io] Quinine overdose can also result in a rare form of hypersensitivity reaction termed blackwater fever that results in massive hemolysis, hemoglobinemia, hemoglobinuria, and[wikidoc.org]

  • Blackwater Fever

    Blackwater fever is much less common today than it was before 1950.[en.wikipedia.org] Blackwater fever is a rare manifestation of falciparum malaria characterized by sudden intravascular hemolysis followed by fever and hemoglobinuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Well known at the start of the 20th century, blackwater fever has become exceptional since 1950, when quinine was replaced by chloroquine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type 1

    Glycogen storage disease type 1 (GSD1) is an inborn error of metabolism caused by deficiency of glucose-6-phosphatase, the enzyme catalysing the conversion of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) to glucose. GSD1 is associated with severe hyperlipidaemia and hepatic steatosis. The underlying mechanisms responsible for these[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hemolytic Anemia

    Falciparum malaria, in particular, can cause severe and sometimes fatal hemolysis (blackwater fever).[mhmedical.com] All this may explain to same extent the frequent hemoglobinuria and blackwater fever noticed in malaria patients.[malariaworld.org] ECMO, RRT) infection e.g. severe sepsis, malaria (e.g. blackwater fever), Clostridium perfringens, babeosis hypotonic solutions and drowning toxins e.g. heavy metals (e.g.[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Anemia of Infection

    Falciparum malaria, in particular, can cause severe and sometimes fatal hemolysis (blackwater fever).[mhmedical.com] This disorder, also called blackwater fever, is no longer common.[medtextfree.wordpress.com] fever,” named for the brisk intravascular hemolysis and hemoglobinuria that accompany overwhelming Plasmodium falciparum infection.[aafp.org]

  • Quinine Poisoning

    Quinine may also trigger a rare form of hypersensitivity reaction in malaria patients, termed blackwater fever, that results in massive hemolysis, hemoglobinemia, hemoglobinuria[en.wikipedia.org] fever and thrombocytopenic purpura Thrombocytopenia Hemolytic uremic syndrome Blackwater fever Myasthenia gravis Optic neuritis Cautions FDA warns against unapproved use[reference.medscape.com] . • As quinine has been implicated in precipitating blackwater fever, it is generally contraindicated in patients who have already suffered an attack.[medicines.org.uk]

  • Acquired Hemolytic Anemia

    ECMO, RRT) infection e.g. severe sepsis, malaria (e.g. blackwater fever), Clostridium perfringens, babeosis hypotonic solutions and drowning toxins e.g. heavy metals (e.g.[lifeinthefastlane.com] This disorder, also called blackwater fever, is no longer common.[medtextfree.wordpress.com] ., Blackwater fever. Clin. Proc. (Cape Town) 3 , 272 (1944). Google Scholar Bodart , F. und P.[link.springer.com]

  • Ergotamine Withdrawal

    Abstract Infection with Plasmodium falciparum may result in such potentially lethal complications as acute renal failure, blackwater fever, cerebral malaria, and pulmonary[annals.org] Hemoglobinuria (blackwater fever), a darkening of the urine seen with severe RBC hemolysis, results from high parasitemia and is often a sign of impending renal failure and[medscape.com] Splenectomy and blackwater fever. Br J Haematol. 1982;51(4):663–664. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 58. Chotivanich K, Udomsangpetch R, McGready R, et al.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hemoglobinuria

    It is known, however, that occasionally blackwater fever is caused by toxemia from drugs or by severe infections.[jamanetwork.com] Recurrence of blackwater fever: Triggering of relapses by different antimalarials. Trop Med Int Health 1998;3:632-9. [ PUBMED ] 6.[atmph.org] The concurrent malaria in case 2 precipitated severe hemolytic crises with hemoglobinuria erroneously diagnosed blackwater fever.[annals.org]

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