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125 Possible Causes for Bleeding Episodes (Epistaxis, Menorrhagia, Ecchymosis)

Did you mean: Bleeding Episodes, , Epistaxis, Menorrhagia, Ecchymosis

  • Glanzmann Thrombasthenia

    Patients typically present in early childhood with moderate to severe mucocutaneous bleeding, including menorrhagia, epistaxis, gingival bleeding, GI hemorrhage, and ecchymosis[] But there is a small group of patients in whom repeated episodes of easy bruising, epistaxis and other bleeding episodes occur despite a normal platelet count and normal plasma[] She had an extensive bleeding history, with epistaxis, menorrhagia and postoperative bleeding requiring multiple previous transfusions.[]

  • Bleeding Diathesis

    Presenting symptoms in rare inherited platelet disorders were purpura, ecchymosis, epistaxis and bleeding gums, respectively.[] In very rare cases, eczema and recurrent infections accompanied by frequent bleeding episodes are highly specific for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, an X-linked genetic disease[] Three cases have been presented, wherein bleeding diathesis was the cause of menorrhagia.[]

  • Hemophilia

    Primary Hemostasis – Platelet aggregation forms an initial plug (immediate) – Deficiencies tend to cause superficial bleeds (i.e petechiae, ecchymosis, & purpura) Secondary[] Several episodes of frequently occurring bleeding from gums, nose (epistaxis), etc and easy bruising are characteristic findings.[] Many women with bleeding disorders experience menorrhagia, long, heavy menstrual bleeding, and cramps.[]

  • Factor XIII Deficiency

    Five spontaneous bleeding episodes (involving three patients; none requiring FXIII treatment) and eight trauma-related bleeding episodes (two requiring FXIII treatment) occurred[] Umbilical cord bleeding was the first presentation of FXIII deficiency in all of them, who presented also with ecchymosis; two of them had delayed wound bleeding.[] Menorrhagia and ovulation bleeding are common gynaecological problems and more prevalent than reported.[]

  • Anemia

    Flank ecchymosis (Grey-Turner sign) suggests retroperitoneal hemorrhage, whereas umbilical ecchymosis (Cullen sign) suggests intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal bleeding.[] […] carcinoma, small bowel tumors, ampullary carcinoma, Ancylomasta duodenale Non-gastrointestinal blood loss Frequent: menstruation, blood donation, ACD Infrequent: Hematuria, epistaxis[] Anaemia in pregnancy is more common in patients who are already anaemic at conception e.g. patients with haemoglobinopathies, poor diet, with a history of menorrhagia.[]

  • Factor V Deficiency

    The hemorrhage of nasal and oral cavity and ecchymosis are common but intracranial hemorrhage is very rare.[] The most frequent symptoms were mucosal tract bleedings (40%) such as epistaxis, and menorrhagia in female.[] She was treated with AICC, aminocaproic acid, and her menorrhagia was ultimately controlled with continuous OCs. Factor V deficiency is a rare cause of menorrhagia.[]

  • Coagulation Abnormalities

    Ecchymosis ( 10 mm diameter). Fundi for retinal haemorrhages. Joints for haemarthrosis. Rectal or vaginal examination may be appropriate.[] Of the 7 bleeding episodes, 5 patients required transfusions, averaging 3.25 units of red blood cells and 2.4 units of fresh frozen plasma.[] The prothrombin time (PT) is prolonged, and mucosal bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, or ecchymosis is the usual pattern.[]

  • Acquired Prothrombin Deficiency

    The common manifestations of late HDN reported are evidence of intracranial hemorr-hage, deep ecchymosis, bleeding from GI tract and/or bleeding from mucus membrane, skin[] Our study suggests that prothrombin complex concentrates have predictable effectiveness in acquired hypoprothrombinemic bleeding episodes only when coagulation deficiencies[] Women in fertile age may suffer from menorrhagia.[]

  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    The only complication was extensive superficial ecchymosis on the patient's forearm from antiplatelet use, which resolved spontaneously.[] Severe: – Bleeding episodes—menorrhagia, epistaxis, melena—requiring transfusion or hospitalization - Symptoms interfering seriously with the quality of life 1/25/2015 Idiopathic[] Clinical manifestations may range from spontaneous formation of purpura and petechiae, especially on the extremities, to epistaxis, bleeding at the gums or menorrhagia, any[]

  • Bernard-Soulier Syndrome

    Bernard-Soulier syndrome often presents early with bleeding symptoms, such as epistaxis, ecchymosis, menometrorrhagia, and gingival or gastrointestinal bleeding.[] Depending on the phenotype, patients present with bleeding episodes of variable severity.[] Patient 2, a 15-year-old girl, initially presented with severe menorrhagia.[]

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