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1,042 Possible Causes for Blepharospasm

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    Eye irritation, excessive sensitivity to bright light and increased blinking may be an indication of blepharospasm.[aans.org] […] age 13 to 20 Adult onset – older than age 20 Focal dystonia is limited to one area of the body and can affect the neck (cervical dystonia or spasmodic torticollis), eyes (blepharospasm[aans.org]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Practice Guideline Update Summary: Botulinum Neurotoxin for the Treatment of Blepharospasm, Cervical Dystonia, Adult Spasticity, and Headache April 2016 Current guideline.[aan.com] Vittorio Mantero, Roberto Balgera, Andrea Rigamonti, Francesco Basso and Andrea Salmaggi, Efficacy of high dose methylprednisolone in a patient with cervical dystonia and blepharospasm[dx.doi.org] These include decreased blink rate, ocular surface irritation, altered tear film, visual hallucinations, blepharospasm and decreased convergence. 82 The degree of abnormality[web.archive.org]

  • CN Tear Gas Exposure

    Lacrimation, redness, burning sensation in the eyes and blepharospasm.[democrati.net] Eye involvement may include the following: Ocular pain, tearing, and severe blepharospasm are common; at high concentrations, 2-chloroacetophenone (CN) is known to cause corneal[emedicine.medscape.com] The effects of exposure to tear gas( esp;excessive lacrimation, blepharospasm) are usually short-lived (30-60 minutes) after the person has been removed from the source and[doctorslounge.com]

  • Inhalation of Phosgene Gas

    Link to reference section for acute event PPE related safety information Immediate irritant effects such as conjunctivitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, lacrimation, blepharospasm[chemm.nlm.nih.gov] Eye irritation - red eyes, tearing, blepharospasm. ENT irritation: chronic sore throat, rhinorrhoea, hypersalivation, stridor.[patient.info]

  • Mustard Gas Exposure

    Main clinical symptoms Few hours after the exposure Eyes: gritty feeling, progressive soreness and bloodshot appearance, lachrymation, blepharospasm and photophobia Increased[emro.who.int] The mustard gas also affects the cornea, causing conjunctivitis, blepharospasm and cheratinite.[flipper.diff.org] An asymptomatic period for the eyes is followed by redness and irritation which can progress to corneal damage with photophobia, blepharospasm , excessive lacrimation , and[omicsonline.org]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    To investigate phenotypes, we examined 71 AOPTD patients (37 cervical dystonia, 14 writer's cramp, 9 blepharospasm, 11 spasmodic dysphonia) and 8 musician's dystonia patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: In 12 families with adult-onset PTD, the index cases presented with cervical dystonia (CD); of the 22 affected relatives, 17 had CD, 2 had writer's cramp, 1 had blepharospasm[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Defazio G, Matarin M, Peckham EL, et al.: The TOR1A polymorphism rs1182 and the risk of spread in primary blepharospasm. Mov Disord 2009, 24:613–616.[link.springer.com]

  • Toxic Effect of Chlorine Gas

    Dose ppm Signs and symptoms 0.02 - 0.2 Odour threshold 1 - 3 Mild irritation to eyes, nose and throat 3 - 6 Itching, stinging, and boring of the eyes, lacrimation, blepharospasm[lifeinthefastlane.com] Eye irritation - red eyes, tearing, blepharospasm. ENT irritation: chronic sore throat, rhinorrhoea, hypersalivation, stridor.[patient.info] […] sounds Rales (pulmonary edema) Nasal flaring Aphonia, stridor, or laryngeal edema Ulceration or hemorrhage of the respiratory tract Rhinorrhea Lacrimation, salivation, and blepharospasm[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Meige Syndrome

    Sixty patients had idiopathic blepharospasm, 31 patients were diagnosed with Meige syndrome (blepharospasm plus oromandibular dystonia) and nine patients with segmental dystonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of remission in patients with essential blepharospasm and Meige syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blepharospasms Blepharospasm is a focal dystonia characterized by involuntary eye blinking or eye closure.[movementdisorders.ufhealth.org]

  • Facial Spasm

    Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation Newsletter 1996, 15 :3. Google Scholar 9.[link.springer.com] […] have a beneficial effect on blepharospasm.[klapperplasticsurgery.com] Elston JS: A new variant of blepharospasm . J Neurol Neurosci Psych 1992, 55 :369–371. Google Scholar 6.[link.springer.com]

  • Oculomotor Apraxia

    Oculomotor apraxia Other names Cogan ocular motor apraxia or saccadic initiation failure Specialty Ophthalmology Oculomotor apraxia ( OMA ), is the absence or defect of controlled, voluntary, and purposeful eye movement. [1] It was first described in 1952 by the American ophthalmologist David Glendenning Cogan. [2][…][en.wikipedia.org]

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