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272 Possible Causes for Blepharospasm, Dystonia, focal dystonia becomes segmental or generalized

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  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    With a stronger family history, a significantly lower AaO was seen in all focal dystonias.[] To investigate phenotypes, we examined 71 AOPTD patients (37 cervical dystonia, 14 writer's cramp, 9 blepharospasm, 11 spasmodic dysphonia) and 8 musician's dystonia patients[] Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a genetically heterogeneous, isolated form of dystonia.[]

  • Meige Syndrome

    Meige syndrome is a type of focal dystonia characterized by blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia.[] Sixty patients had idiopathic blepharospasm, 31 patients were diagnosed with Meige syndrome (blepharospasm plus oromandibular dystonia) and nine patients with segmental dystonia[] […] syndrome is an adult-onset dystonic movement disorder that predominantly involves facial muscles, while some patients with this syndrome develop spasmodic dysphonia and dystonia[]

  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    Oromandibular dystonia is a form of focal dystonia affecting the mouth, jaw and tongue, and in this disease it is hard to speak. It is associated with bruxism.[] Abstract Patterns of white matter (WM) abnormalities and correlation with clinical features in patients with blepharospasm (BSP) and patients with blepharospasm-oromandibular[] Oromandibular dystonia is a focal dystonia involving the masticatory and/or tongue muscles.[]

  • Adult-Onset Cervical Dystonia Type DYT23

    Related phenotypes are torticollis and cerebellar atrophy Disease Ontology : 12 A focal dystonia characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance of adult-onset cervical dystonia[] Blepharospasm muscles around the eyes The sufferer experiences rapid blinking of the eyes or even their forced closure causing functional blindness.[] Adult-onset cervical dystonia, DYT23 type Autosomal dominant dopa-responsive dystonia Autosomal dominant focal dystonia, DYT25 type Autosomal recessive dopa-responsive dystonia Blepharospasm-oromandibular[]

  • Blepharospasm

    BACKGROUND: Isolated blepharospasm (BSP) is a late-onset focal dystonia characterized by involuntary contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles.[] Blepharospasm or benign essential blepharospasm is a medical term used to describe repeated involuntary closure of the eyes.[] Evidente VG (2002) Zolpidem improves dystonia in "Lubag" or X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism syndrome. Neurology 58:662-663.[]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    Mondet L, Radoubé F, Gras V, Masmoudi K Acute Focal Dystonia After a Single Dose of Oral Cetirizine in a 9-Year-Old Boy.[] […] specificity) of G24.0: G24.1 - Genetic torsion dystonia G24.2 - Idiopathic nonfamilial dystonia G24.3 - Spasmodic torticollis G24.4 - Idiopathic orofacial dystonia G24.5 - Blepharospasm[] Moreover, a serious and debilitating form of the disorder called tardive dystonia may follow. There are no tests tailored to diagnose drug-induced dystonia.[]

  • Spasmodic Torticollis

    In this chapter we have described the use of integrated EMG feedback for the treatment of focal dystonia or spasmodic torticollis.[] This brain stem reflex was investigated in 10 normal subjects, in 16 patients affected by spasmodic torticollis (ST) and in 10 patients with blepharospasm (BSP).[] In a third of the cases, there is a progression to segmental dystonia.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease Type 3

    In general, focal dystonias are classified as primary (idiopathic) and are not hereditary.[] Some with type 3 disease showed a never-before-reported phenomenon of rapid and repetitive dystonia-like hyperkinetic movement disorder.[] Compared to PD, a lower risk of developing falls and freezing of gait but a higher risk of dystonia, motor fluctuations, and levodopa induced dyskinesia (LID) have been reported[]

  • Writer's Cramp

    Writer's cramp is frequently associated with hand tremor and with other focal dystonias.[] Evidence in other primary dystonia, including blepharospasm and cervical dystonia, suggest that structural abnormalities may be observed in other brain areas such as the cerebellum[] This case broadens the spectrum of fluctuating dopa-sensitive progressive childhood dystonias and provides evidence for writer's cramp being a form of focal dystonia.[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    Rosen, The focal dystonias: Current views and challenges for future research, Movement Disorders, 28, 7, (926-943), (2013).[] Abnormality of the foot Abnormal feet morphology Abnormality of the feet Foot deformities Foot deformity [ more ] 0001760 Apathy Lack of feeling, emotion, interest 0000741 Blepharospasm[] Stuttering reduction was noted when frequency was changed to 80 Hz, but the previously observed dystonia improvement was lost.[]

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