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481 Possible Causes for Blurred Vision, Progressive Loss of Vision, Scotoma

  • Glaucoma

    A 6-year-old girl presented with blurred vision and was found to have elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucomatous optic disc damage in both eyes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , nasal steps, altitudinal scotomas, focal defects e.g. paracentral scotomas (2) optic disc changes - localised or generalised thinning of the neuroretinal rim, enlargement[gpnotebook.co.uk] […] and subsequent vision loss. 12-14 In particular, central corneal thickness has also been shown to be associated with disease progression in open-angle glaucoma, 15 which[web.archive.org]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Visual symptoms: Visual obscurations, persistent blurring, or scotomas are reported by 30 to 70 % of patients.[symptoma.com] Other symptoms include visual changes (blurred vision, transient visual obscurations, double vision).[racgp.org.au] Neurol India 2012;60:267-8 A 22-year-old thin male presented with holocranial headache and painless, non-progressive loss of vision bilaterally.[doi.org]

  • Hypertension

    Without treatment, hypertension can lead to bleeding in the eye, blurred vision, damage to the optic nerve, glaucoma, and vision loss.[vsp.com] Adequate control of blood pressure has been proven in randomised clinical trials to reduce vision loss associated with diabetic retinopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blurred vision Sudden blindness Pain in the abdomen (tummy) Does high blood pressure mean I have PIH?[familydoctor.org]

  • Retinitis

    Three months later, his corrected VA was 20/20 with relative scotoma in Amsler grid, normal color vision, no scotoma in HVF 10-2 and unchanged SDOCT findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A second HIV negative patient presented with blurred vision and lid swelling and was found to have peripheral VZV retinitis confirmed by PCR.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A loss of side vision, or tunnel vision, is also common as RP progresses.[retinaspecialistsnw.com]

  • Cataract

    The problem may be confirmed with wavefront analysis. there may a type of peripheral ring scotoma (section of vision missing), an optical problem from edge of the lens implant[goodhopeeyeclinic.org.uk] A 37-year-old woman presented with progressively blurred vision in the right eye after a transient fever 10 months ago.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Consequences are both quantitative and qualitative in nature, ranging from progressive vision loss to patients' decrease in quality of life from factors other than vision[oadoi.org]

  • Retinal Detachment

    RESULTS: A 41-year-old woman was referred with a 2-week history of decreased vision and scotoma in the left eye. She was in her sixth month of pregnancy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A 24-year-old healthy male presented with a chief complaint of blurred vision in the right eye for 1-week.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Peripheral vision is typically lost first, and vision loss spreads as the detachment progresses.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Optic Atrophy

    Clinical features of ADOA include a slowly progressive bilateral loss of visual acuity, constriction of peripheral visual fields, central scotomas, and color vision abnormalities[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms of optic atrophy relate to a change in vision, specifically: Blurred vision. Difficulties with peripheral (side) vision. Difficulties with color vision.[my.clevelandclinic.org] A 36-year-old man presented to the emergency department because of gradual blurring of vision in his right eye over 20 days and progressive loss of vision in the left eye[cmaj.ca]

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

    Measures of retinal function, such as the electroretinogram, show that photoreceptor function is diminished generally many years before symptomic night blindness, visual-field scotomas[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 52-year-old man presented for blurred vision in his right eye. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 3/10 in his right eye and 7/10 in his left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 35-year-old man presented with history of painless, progressive loss of vision in the left eye for the past 7 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    The damage stops messages from being passed along the nerves, leading to symptoms including tiredness and blurred vision.[telegraph.co.uk] Symptoms may be mild, such as numbness in the limbs, or severe, such as poor balance, painful spells, paralysis or loss of vision.[progressivemsalliance.org] Problems with vision This can include double vision, blurred vision, inability to identify colors and contrasts, and pain when moving your eyes.[healthline.com]

  • Optic Papillitis

    A 30-year-old woman had blurred vision, marked optic nerve disc swelling, serous retinal detachment at the macular on optic coherence tomography, and MOG-IgG seropositivity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] from papilledema by an afferent pupillary defect (Marcus Gunn pupil), by its greater effect in decreasing visual acuity and color vision, and by the presence of a central scotoma[en.wikipedia.org] Occasionally the inflammation develops over the course of several weeks, producing progressive loss of vision as well as loss of color perception.[beltina.org]

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