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22 Possible Causes for Bony Swelling, Fat Embolism

  • Fracture

    Other complications include nonunion, delayed union, osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis, fat embolism, and thrombophlebitis. Accousti WK, Willis RB.[emedicine.medscape.com] For delayed hypoglossal nerve paralysis due to swelling within the canal, methylprednisolone was started, and a complete cure was attained in about 10 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There will be considerable swelling and bruising. What is a Pott's fracture?[sportsinjuryclinic.net]

  • Lipoma

    Some authors had reported these complications in addition to fat embolism, seroma, cellulitis, wound infection and wound breakdown in their studies [1, 3, 8].[fortunejournals.com] Fibrosarcoma More chance of Hematoma devpg liposarcomaParosteal Feels hard Bony tumor Very, very rare 6.[slideshare.net] In scalp- erodes edge & lobulation dermoid , bone TbtenosynovitisSubsynovial, Knee/elbow Bursa, Intra-articular is sweling Baker’s cyst rareintra-articularIntermuscular Swelling[slideshare.net]

  • Sickle Cell Disease

    Recognized etiologies include infection, most commonly with atypical bacteria, and pulmonary fat embolism (PFE); the cause is often obscure and may be multifactorial.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All the cases of HbSS presented with a joint swelling while it was seen in 53% of the HbAS.[doi.org] Fat from bone marrow, which is typically infarcted during acute pain episodes, 14 embolizes to the lungs and, in its most extreme form, fat embolism syndrome may involve the[doi.org]

  • Bone Callus

    Fat embolism See separate article Fat Embolism Syndrome .[patient.info] During this preliminary stage of repair, pain and swelling subside and bony fragments become united by fibrous and cartilagenous tissue. Woven bone is formed.[meds.queensu.ca] It acts to splint the broken bone A bony callus forms, replacing the cartilage with a callus made of spongy bone The bony callus remodels in response to stress placed on it[bbc.co.uk]

  • Osteitis Deformans

    Fat embolism syndrome (FES)-fat globules & tissue thromboplastin are released from the bone marrow.[slideplayer.com] May have gross bony deformity; may be only physical finding Rapid onset of pain and swelling suggests malignant degeneration (rare; less than 1% chance of malignant degeneration[orthopaedicsone.com] On palpation, enlarged maxilla was bony hard and nontender. Rise in temperature over the swelling was felt, but overlying skin and mucosa appeared normal.[amsjournal.com]

  • Bone Necrosis

    This study supports the hypothesis that alcoholism-induced bone necrosis is caused by fat embolism linked to co-existent hyperlipidemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bone infarction is a result of ischemia, which can lead to destruction of bony architecture, pain, and loss of function 1 .[radiopaedia.org] Besides, the cause could also be gas embolism of bone blood vessels, thrombosis, fat embolism or arterial stenosis.[oxy.hr]

  • Blast Lung

    , bone marrow embolism, and pulmonary fat embolism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Again, scans revealed inexplicable bony growth, along nerve shafts or blood vessels or in muscle mass.[knowitwall.com] Moreover, blunt force injuries are frequently associated with bone marrow embolism and pulmonary fat embolism, which is a risk factor for ARDS and death.[symptoma.com]

  • Pott's Fracture

    The patient is evaluated for fat embolism after long bone fractures, for infection in open fractures, for excessive blood loss and hypovolemic shock, and for delayed union[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] There will be considerable swelling and bruising. What is a Pott's fracture?[sportsinjuryclinic.net] Features that may suggest a fracture include obvious deformity, swelling, bruising, inability to weight bear and bony tenderness.[patient.info]

  • Ankle Fracture

    Possible complications include: Infection Bleeding Nerve damage Skin complications Blood clots Fat embolism Bone misalignment Irritation of the overlying tissue from the hardware[hopkinsmedicine.org] Features that may suggest a fracture include obvious deformity, swelling, bruising, inability to weight bear and bony tenderness.[patient.info] There will be considerable swelling and bruising. What is a Pott's fracture?[sportsinjuryclinic.net]

  • Long Bone Fracture

    Brain emboli may lead to a symptomatic cerebral fat embolism (CFE), which is devastating.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Your doctor will look for: An obvious deformity of the tibia/leg (an unusual angle, twisting, or shortening of the leg) Breaks in the skin Bruises Swelling Bony pieces that[orthoinfo.aaos.org] The second manuscript was a literature review of the role of corticosteroids as a prophylactic measure for fat embolism syndrome (FES).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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