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318 Possible Causes for Bony Swelling, Knee Pain

  • Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    This can cause swelling and the formation of bony spurs, called osteophytes.[] This is the case of RF-negative polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis that was reported with six-week history of neck pain, torticollis and left knee effusion.[] The condition may also cause painful areas in the soles of the feet or other areas around the knees or hips.[]

  • Osteomyelitis

    The physical examination should focus on identifying common findings, such as erythema, soft tissue swelling or joint effusion, decreased joint range of motion, and bony tenderness[] Ages range from 39 to 64 years, and reasons for amputation included infection, pain, and necrosis.[] The essentials of the diagnosis include an initial presentation with pain at a knee or hip joint and tenderness over the vertebral bodies.[]

  • Osteosarcoma

    Signs and symptoms of osteosarcoma and MFH include swelling over a bone or a bony part of the body and joint pain.[] While any of the body’s 206 bones can be affected, 50 percent of young patients have tumors near the knee. Patients usually have pain and swelling in the affected area.[] Symptoms Symptoms include persistent pain and swelling in an arm or leg, especially near the knee or shoulder.[]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Trauma, new bony pain, or change in bony pain warrants repeat imaging with X-rays.[] CASE REPORT A 56-year-old man with multiple myeloma presented with chronic polyarticular pain and swelling.[] Asymmetric or symmetric lower extremity swelling warrants venous duplex to rule out venous thrombosis. F.[]

  • Ewing's Sarcoma

    Patellar tumors occur infrequently and represent an uncommon etiology of anterior knee pain.[] A young patient presented with a progressive right knee pain and swelling that was worse on ambulation.[] Symptoms of Ewing sarcoma The main areas affected by Ewing sarcoma are the: legs (most often around the knee) pelvis arms ribs spine Symptoms include: bone pain – this may[]

  • Acromegaly

    […] of the bony areas around a joint Large bones of the face, large jaw and tongue, widely spaced teeth Large feet (change in shoe size), large hands (change in ring or glove[] […] arthropathy (ankles, knees, hips, spine ) Cardiovascular disease : hypertension ( 30% of cases ), left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiomyopathy Organ enlargement : especially[] […] of the bony areas around a joint Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease: Weight gain (unintentional) Hair, excessive on females Signs and tests: The[]

  • Osteitis Deformans

    May have gross bony deformity; may be only physical finding Rapid onset of pain and swelling suggests malignant degeneration (rare; less than 1% chance of malignant degeneration[] […] and hip pain as well as pain in his left upper arm.[] On palpation, enlarged maxilla was bony hard and nontender. Rise in temperature over the swelling was felt, but overlying skin and mucosa appeared normal.[]

  • Familial Paget's Disease of Bone

    (with or without associated osteo-arthrosis of hips and knees), heart failure, triradiate deformity of the pelvis have either had an inadequate or no description in books[] Signs & Symptoms Early symptoms of Paget’s disease include bone pain, joint pain (especially in the back, hips and knees), and headache.[] Hip or knee involvement can lead to arthritis, limping, as well as pain and stiffness of the hip or knee.[]

  • Ewing Family of Tumors

    The Ewing family of tumors (ET) comprises a heterogeneous group of sarcomas that mainly develop in the skeleton of adolescents and young adults, and encompasses the entities of Ewing sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. The clinical presentation of ET is unspecific; most patients present with a visible or[…][]

  • Scurvy

    The baby is miserable and tends to remain in a characteristic immobilized posture from subperiosteal pain, with semiflexion of the hips and the knees ("frog leg posture"),[] The excruciating pain results in pseudoparalysis.[] The infant assumes the frog leg posture (ie, keeping hips and knees slightly flexed and externally rotated) for comfort.[]

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