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44 Possible Causes for Botulism, Descending Paralysis, Flaccid Paralysis

  • Botulism

    Abstract Botulism is the acute, flaccid paralysis caused by a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clostridium botulinum is known to cause descending paralysis in infants throughout the world.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] clostridium botulinum Intoxication with Clostridium botulinum toxin Wound botulism (subtype) Infant botulism (subtype) Botulism Foodborne botulism (subtype) edit English[wikidata.org]

  • Wound Botulism

    The clinical picture of botulism is of descending, symmetric, flaccid paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wound botulism in 7 heroin 'skin poppers' produced ophthalmoplegia and descending paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] within the gut, in infant botulism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Infantile Botulism

    paralysis.[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Note that, in many cases, descending paralysis may be absent.[symptoma.com] It is a decending, symmetric, flaccid paralysis, with cranial nerves palsies being the most common complication.[pediatriceducation.org]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Differential diagnosis Acute myelopathy – back pain,sphincter disturbances Botulism –early loss of pupillaryactivity,descending paralysis Diphtheria –early oropharyngeal involvement[slideshare.net] Diagnostic testing for botulism has low sensitivity, so we urge pre-emptive treatment if it is clinically suspected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intestinal Botulism

    Botulism manifests as acute, descending, symmetric flaccid paralysis caused by neurotoxin-mediated blockade of presynaptic acetylcholine release [ 1 ].[academic.oup.com] Intestinal colonization botulism, rare in adults, should be considered for patients with descending paralysis, especially those with a preceding alteration in small bowel[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , including infant botulism and shaker foal syndrome.[books.google.ro]

  • Tick Paralysis

    Tick paralysis is a rare disease characterized by acute, ascending, flaccid paralysis that is often confused with other acute neurologic disorders or diseases (e.g., Guillain-Barré[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] that the acute ascending or rare descending type of paralysis originally described by Landry is simply a form of poliomyelitis, whereas others contend that Landry's paralysis[annals.org] […] of the eight most common tickborne diseases in the United States (1)--is an acute, ascending, flaccid motor paralysis that can be confused with Guillain-Barre syndrome, botulism[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neuromuscular Junction Disorder

    Differential diagnosis of flaccid paralysis Anterior horn disease Disorders of the NMJ  Polyemyelitis  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  Myasthenia gravis  Lambert-Eaton[slideshare.net] In its nontherapeutic form, the toxin is produced by bacteria and can cause a paralysis that starts with the muscles of the face and throat and descends over the rest of the[verywell.com] Infantile Botulism Infantile botulism primarily occurs in infants 2 to 6 months of age.[academlib.com]

  • Inhalational Botulism

    It is characterized by symmetric cranial nerve palsy, commonly followed by symmetric, descending, flaccid paralysis of involuntary muscles, which may result in respiratory[pedsinreview.aappublications.org] Recognition of the clinical presentation characterized by bulbar palsies and descending paralysis in the absence of sensory or central nervous systems symptoms is key to making[ohsu.pure.elsevier.com] Food poisoning is the most common cause of botulism.[link.springer.com]

  • Food-Borne Botulism

    Botulism classically presents as acute symmetrical descending flaccid paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Even small outbreaks of food-borne botulism can precipitate a national emergency and inundate public health and acute care provision.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The toxin blocks acetylcholine receptors at neuromuscular junctions, which result in a descending type of flaccid paralysis of voluntary muscles.[cureus.com]

  • Deliberate Exposure to Botulinum Toxin

    Situations suggesting release of botulinum toxin as a biological weapon: (1) Outbreak of acute flaccid paralysis with prominent bulbar palsies (diplopia, dysarthria, dysphonia[meducator3.net] Conclusions: An aerosolized or foodborne botulinum toxin weapon would cause acute symmetric, descending flaccid paralysis with prominent bulbar palsies such as diplopia, dysarthria[experts.umn.edu] Botulism can result in death due to respiratory failure; the proportion of patients with botulism who die is 3-5%.[viceprovost.tufts.edu]

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