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433 Possible Causes for Bowing of The Long Bones, Frontal Bossing

  • Hypochondroplasia

    bossing, lumbar gibbus, trident position of the fingers, and a narrow chest with a horizontal line of demarcation at the narrowest area of the chest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 0002644 Abnormality of the elbow Abnormality of the elbows 0009811 Abnormality of the metaphysis Abnormality of the wide portion of a long bone 0000944 Genu varum Outward[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] It is characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism, trident hands and short fingers, midface hypoplasia with macrocephaly and frontal bossing.[ctgt.net]

  • Osteitis Deformans

    Bone deformity (including sabre tibia (bowing of the tibia), kyphosis, frontal bossing of the skull, an enlarged maxilla, an increase in head size).[patient.info] Affected bones are prone to fracture. Physical exam : Paget's disease can cause bone deformity, especially bowing of the long bones in the legs.[nmihi.com] Skull involvement may produce enlargement of the head characterized by more evident frontal bossing and dilated superficial cranial muscles.[veterans.gc.ca]

  • Pseudoachondroplasia

    The clinical manifestations of achondroplasia include rhizomelic short stature, frontal bossing with midface hypoplasia, short ribs, trident hand, limited elbow extension,[ommbid.mhmedical.com] Radiologic features Shortening of long bones with mild metaphyseal flare (especially femora and tibiae) Narrowing of or failure to widen in the inferior lumbar interpedicular[slideshare.net] bossing 4.[slideshare.net]

  • Grant Syndrome

    bossing 0002007 Joint dislocation Joint dislocations Recurrent joint dislocations [ more ] 0001373 Joint hyperflexibility Joints move beyond expected range of motion 0005692[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] bones Bowed long bones Bowing of long bones [ more ] 0006487 Decreased skull ossification Decreased bone formation of skull 0004331 Frontal bossing 0002007 Joint dislocation[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] […] bluish-gray color 0000592 Bowing of the long bones Bowed long bones Bowing of long bones [ more ] 0006487 Decreased skull ossification Decreased bone formation of skull 0004331 Frontal[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Acroosteolysis Dominant Type

    The characteristic facies, including frontal bossing, mid-facial flattening, thick coarse hair, and low-set ears with enlarged ear lobules, should raise suspicion.[jocr.co.in] Phenotype Short stature, coarse and dysmorphic facies, bowing of the long bones, vertebral anomalies Facial features include hypertelorism, bushy eyebrows, micrognathia, small[iofbonehealth.org] There was no frontal bossing or prognathism. His hemogram and biochemistry including C-reactive protein and insulin-like growth factor-1 were within normal range.[ijem.in]

  • Autosomal Recessive Osteopetrosis 2

    General examination revealed pallor and frontal bossing. There was no evidence of lymphadenopathy and edema.[mjdrdypu.org] […] pain - Bowed diaphysis / diaphyses / long bones - Craniostenosis / craniosynostosis / sutural synostosis - Delayed dentition / eruption of teeth / lack of eruption of teeth[csbg.cnb.csic.es] […] pain ; Bowing of the long bones ; Bruising susceptibility ; Chronic rhinitis ; Cranial nerve paralysis ; Craniosynostosis ; Delayed eruption of teeth ; Growth delay ; Hearing[mousephenotype.org]

  • Atelosteogenesis

    bossing ; Fused cervical vertebrae ; Laryngeal stenosis ; Malar flattening ; Micrognathia ; Midface retrusion ; Multinucleated giant chondrocytes in epiphyseal cartilage[mousephenotype.org] Bowing of the long bones. Dislocation of the elbow or knee. Clubfeet. Hypoplasia of the upper thoracic vertebral bodies and adjacent ribs.[fetalultrasound.com] bossing, depressed nasal bridge, bowed femur (telephone receiver) Osteogenesis imperfecta: Postmortem photograph shows deformed extremities, findings that are consistent[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome

    bossing 0002007 Generalized hypotonia Decreased muscle tone Low muscle tone [ more ] 0001290 Hoarse voice Hoarseness Husky voice [ more ] 0001609 Hypoplastic iliac body 0008824[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) is a congenital bone dysplasia characterized by camptodactyly with ulnar deviation and congenital bowing of the long bones.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stüve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) is a rare disorder characterized by bowing of the long bones, camptodactyly, respiratory distress, hyperthermic episodes and early lethality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Parastremmatic Dwarfism

    bossing / prominent forehead - Genu varum - High forehead - Lower limb asymmetry / hemiatrophy / hemihypertrophy - Pectus carinatum[csbg.cnb.csic.es] Imaging Decreased bone density, bowing of the long bones, platyspondyly and striking irregularities of endochondral ossification, with calcific stippling and streaking in[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] bossing, hypotonia, short ribs Hypochondroplasia – rhizomelia, joint laxity, macrocephaly, short broad bones Thanatophoric dysplasia – micromelia, narrow chest, bowed femurs[arupconsult.com]

  • Marshall-Smith Syndrome

    The facial appearance showed triangular shape with frontal bossing, down-slanting palpebral fissures, small mouth, prominent, thin mandible, and everted lower lips.[nature.com] […] of the long bones Bowed long bones Bowing of long bones [ more ] 0006487 Failure to thrive Faltering weight Weight faltering [ more ] 0001508 Intellectual disability Mental[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Abnormal phenotype included dolichocephaly, prominent occiput, frontal bossing and triangular facies, arched eyebrows, proptosis, with blue sclera, depressed nasal bridge,[nature.com]

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