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215 Possible Causes for Bowing of The Long Bones, Frontal Bossing

  • Hypochondroplasia

    bossing, lumbar gibbus, trident position of the fingers, and a narrow chest with a horizontal line of demarcation at the narrowest area of the chest.[] It is characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism, trident hands and short fingers, midface hypoplasia with macrocephaly and frontal bossing.[] She has a flattened nasal bridge and mild frontal bossing. I don't really have a question at the end of this novel ... I'm just looking for advice and more information.[]

  • CINCA Syndrome

    From the first days of life, patients display an urticarial rash in association with chronic inflammation with a typical facies featured by frontal bossing and saddle back[] These changes include bony overgrowth due to premature ossification of the patella and the long bone epiphyses in very young children and bowing of long bones with widening[] Craniofacial abnormalities include macrocephaly with frontal bossing, saddle-back nose, and delayed closure of the anterior fontanel.[]

  • Familial Paget's Disease of Bone

    Bone deformity (including sabre tibia (bowing of the tibia), kyphosis, frontal bossing of the skull, an enlarged maxilla, an increase in head size).[] […] including bowing deformities, fractures of the Pagetic bone, and osteosarcoma [ 58 ].[] Paget's disease affecting the skull may cause frontal bossing, increased hat size, and headaches.[]

  • Osteitis Deformans

    Bone deformity (including sabre tibia (bowing of the tibia), kyphosis, frontal bossing of the skull, an enlarged maxilla, an increase in head size).[] Affected bones are prone to fracture. Physical exam : Paget's disease can cause bone deformity, especially bowing of the long bones in the legs.[] Skull involvement may produce enlargement of the head characterized by more evident frontal bossing and dilated superficial cranial muscles.[]

  • Achondroplasia

    Abstract Achondroplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by disproportionately short stature, frontal bossing, rhizomelia, and trident hands.[] bones Bones are short (rhizomelic) and wide Genu varum Widening of the metaphyses Posterior bowing of the distal humerus Differential Diagnosis Diastrophic Dysplasia Spondyloepiphyseal[] A prenatal 3-D helical CT revealed a large head with frontal bossing, metaphyseal flaring of the long bones, and small iliac wings, which suggested achondroplasia.[]

  • Thanatophoric Dysplasia

    METHODS: On ultrasound examination, there was frontal bossing, increased nuchal translucency and short limbs at 12 weeks' gestation and a small thorax and short and bowed[] Prenatal diagnosis and postmortem examination showed severe rhizomelic shortness of limbs, bowing of the long bones with "telephone-receiver" femora in both twins, and cloverleaf[] The diagnosis of TD is typically suspected on ultrasound during the second trimester of pregnancy, when severe shortening of the long bones, frontal bossing, flattened vertebrae[]

  • Pseudoachondroplasia

    Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar[] The clinical manifestations of achondroplasia include rhizomelic short stature, frontal bossing with midface hypoplasia, short ribs, trident hand, limited elbow extension,[]

  • Thanatophoric Dysplasia Type 1

    Distinctive facial features include macrocephaly, large anterior fontanel, frontal bossing, proptosis and low nasal bridge.[] Post-mortem fetal X-rays confirmed marked shortening and bowing of the long bones with telephone receiver femurs, short ribs and diffuse severe platyspondyly.[] bossing a cloverleaf skull appearance may also be seen: type II (see case 3) Plain radiograph Plain films are usually done postmortem, if done at all.[]

  • Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia

    .  Delayed closure of skull sutures, frontal bossing  Treatment Excision of the clavicular fragments can decompress the brachial plexus Intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy[] Antenatal ultrasound short, bowed femurs short long bones small chest with short ribs Plain radiograph short, bowed femurs with metaphyseal flare and irregularity eleven ribs[] KD (OMIM, #211350) is a type of short-limbed dwarfism and skeletal dysplasia characterized by the bowing of long bones, normal intelligence, disproportionate growth, mild[]

  • Cole-Carpenter Syndrome

    bossing, midface hypoplasia, and micrognathia.[] […] and bowing of the long bones) and blue sclera, in association with growth failure, craniosynostosis, hydrocephalus, ocular proptosis, and distinctive facial features (e.g[] PATIENT CONCERNS: A 14-month-old Chinese girl presented with prominent ocular proptosis, frontal bossing, craniosynostosis, plump anterior fontanel, growth retardation, osteopenia[]

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