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215 Possible Causes for Bowing of The Long Bones, Frontal Bossing

  • Hypochondroplasia

    bossing, lumbar gibbus, trident position of the fingers, and a narrow chest with a horizontal line of demarcation at the narrowest area of the chest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism, trident hands and short fingers, midface hypoplasia with macrocephaly and frontal bossing.[ctgt.net] She has a flattened nasal bridge and mild frontal bossing. I don't really have a question at the end of this novel ... I'm just looking for advice and more information.[dailystrength.org]

  • CINCA Syndrome

    From the first days of life, patients display an urticarial rash in association with chronic inflammation with a typical facies featured by frontal bossing and saddle back[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These changes include bony overgrowth due to premature ossification of the patella and the long bone epiphyses in very young children and bowing of long bones with widening[en.wikipedia.org] Craniofacial abnormalities include macrocephaly with frontal bossing, saddle-back nose, and delayed closure of the anterior fontanel.[cags.org.ae]

  • Familial Paget's Disease of Bone

    Bone deformity (including sabre tibia (bowing of the tibia), kyphosis, frontal bossing of the skull, an enlarged maxilla, an increase in head size).[patient.info] […] including bowing deformities, fractures of the Pagetic bone, and osteosarcoma [ 58 ].[doi.org] Paget's disease affecting the skull may cause frontal bossing, increased hat size, and headaches.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Osteitis Deformans

    Bone deformity (including sabre tibia (bowing of the tibia), kyphosis, frontal bossing of the skull, an enlarged maxilla, an increase in head size).[patient.info] Affected bones are prone to fracture. Physical exam : Paget's disease can cause bone deformity, especially bowing of the long bones in the legs.[nmihi.com] Skull involvement may produce enlargement of the head characterized by more evident frontal bossing and dilated superficial cranial muscles.[veterans.gc.ca]

  • Achondroplasia

    Abstract Achondroplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by disproportionately short stature, frontal bossing, rhizomelia, and trident hands.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] bones Bones are short (rhizomelic) and wide Genu varum Widening of the metaphyses Posterior bowing of the distal humerus Differential Diagnosis Diastrophic Dysplasia Spondyloepiphyseal[learningradiology.com] A prenatal 3-D helical CT revealed a large head with frontal bossing, metaphyseal flaring of the long bones, and small iliac wings, which suggested achondroplasia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Thanatophoric Dysplasia

    METHODS: On ultrasound examination, there was frontal bossing, increased nuchal translucency and short limbs at 12 weeks' gestation and a small thorax and short and bowed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prenatal diagnosis and postmortem examination showed severe rhizomelic shortness of limbs, bowing of the long bones with "telephone-receiver" femora in both twins, and cloverleaf[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnosis of TD is typically suspected on ultrasound during the second trimester of pregnancy, when severe shortening of the long bones, frontal bossing, flattened vertebrae[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pseudoachondroplasia

    Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar[icd9data.com] The clinical manifestations of achondroplasia include rhizomelic short stature, frontal bossing with midface hypoplasia, short ribs, trident hand, limited elbow extension,[ommbid.mhmedical.com]

  • Thanatophoric Dysplasia Type 1

    Distinctive facial features include macrocephaly, large anterior fontanel, frontal bossing, proptosis and low nasal bridge.[orpha.net] Post-mortem fetal X-rays confirmed marked shortening and bowing of the long bones with telephone receiver femurs, short ribs and diffuse severe platyspondyly.[ashg.org] bossing a cloverleaf skull appearance may also be seen: type II (see case 3) Plain radiograph Plain films are usually done postmortem, if done at all.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia

    .  Delayed closure of skull sutures, frontal bossing  Treatment Excision of the clavicular fragments can decompress the brachial plexus Intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy[slideshare.net] Antenatal ultrasound short, bowed femurs short long bones small chest with short ribs Plain radiograph short, bowed femurs with metaphyseal flare and irregularity eleven ribs[radiopaedia.org] KD (OMIM, #211350) is a type of short-limbed dwarfism and skeletal dysplasia characterized by the bowing of long bones, normal intelligence, disproportionate growth, mild[doi.org]

  • Cole-Carpenter Syndrome

    bossing, midface hypoplasia, and micrognathia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and bowing of the long bones) and blue sclera, in association with growth failure, craniosynostosis, hydrocephalus, ocular proptosis, and distinctive facial features (e.g[malacards.org] PATIENT CONCERNS: A 14-month-old Chinese girl presented with prominent ocular proptosis, frontal bossing, craniosynostosis, plump anterior fontanel, growth retardation, osteopenia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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