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25 Possible Causes for Brain CT Scan showing Enlarged Ventricles, Confusion

  • Alzheimer Disease

    We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms of confusion, memory loss, and mood swings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms may include: increased memory loss and confusion problems recognizing family and friends inability to learn new things difficulty carrying out tasks that involve[web.archive.org]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    This often involves confusion, short-term memory loss/forgetfulness, trouble paying attention, changes in mood, and a lack of interest in daily activities.[my.clevelandclinic.org] The symptoms are sometimes confused with those of Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease.[cna-ca.com]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    SSPE should not be confused with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis which has a similar cause but very different timing and course.[en.wikipedia.org] The patient denied having a headache or vomiting, however, she appeared confused and had a low-grade fever.[cureus.com] The early stages of SSPE are subtle and often confused with other issues.[sciencebasedmedicine.org]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    MRI or CT scans can show signs CSF build-up, such as enlarged ventricles.[headwayabiaustralia.org] Such giant dVRSs may produce a pressure effect on surrounding structures and can be confused with more sinister conditions such as cystic neoplasm.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a patient presenting with acute onset progressively worsening headache and confusion associated with uncontrolled hypertension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Communicating Hydrocephalus

    When a patient presents with symptoms of hydrocephalus, a thorough neurological examination is performed, followed by a ct or MRi brain scan. these imaging studies may show[nni.com.sg] Although conventionally classified as either "obstructive and nonobstructive" or "communicating and noncommunicating," none of the classification schemes were without confusion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms were lethargy (N   5), headache (N   3), confusion (N   3), gait disturbance (N   3) and urinary incontinence (N   1); three patients presented resembling normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    Even in the chronic phase, an MRI may show shrunken mammillary bodies and other changes in the brain. CT scans have showed enlarged ventricles and diencephalic lesions.[caregiver.org] Wernicke's classic triad (confusion, ocular abnormalities, and ataxia) manifested in only 46.9% (23 of 49) of the patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract In a chronic alcoholic patient with progressive confusion, which was consistent with the clinical diagnosis of Wernicke encephalopathy, T2-weighted, FLAIR and diffusion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Boxer's Dementia

    A CT scan of Ali’s in 1983 showed evidence of this: Ali’s brain was slightly shrunken, and the fluid-filled ventricles enlarged.[theatlantic.com] The report noted that boxers who suffer from this condition will commonly experience tremors, slowed movement, speech problems and confusion.[doctordementia.com] […] mild traumatic brain injury may include: Physical symptoms Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, confused[mayoclinic.org]

  • Cerebral Cortical Atrophy

    As damage in the brain spreads and the disease progresses, people develop the more typical symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, such as memory loss and confusion.[alzheimers.org.uk] Cognitive dysfunction and acute confusion are common reasons patients with atrophy may undergo imaging.[radiopaedia.org] Medications not currently in use were removed from the medicine cabinet to avoid confusion. To support Mrs.[brightfocus.org]

  • Alcohol Dementia

    Even in the chronic phase, an MRI may show shrunken mammillary bodies and other changes in the brain. CT scans have showed enlarged ventricles and diencephalic lesions.[caregiver.org] Signs and Symptoms Confusion may be the most obvious early symptom of dementia, but this confusion is also accompanied by obvious memory problems.[verywellmind.com] Objects seen in dim light may be particularly terrifying, and the people become extremely confused.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

    Even in the chronic phase, an MRI may show shrunken mammillary bodies and other changes in the brain. CT scans have showed enlarged ventricles and diencephalic lesions.[caregiver.org] Changes in the mental state like confusion may also resolve gradually with thiamine treatment. Amnesia may persist for some more time even when confusion is resolved.[symptoma.com] In 25/73 (35%) of the patients the classic triad of Wernicke's encephalopathy with ocular symptoms, ataxia and confusion, was found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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