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160 Possible Causes for Brain Death, Decorticate Posture

  • Brain Stem Herniation

    This is called brain herniation, and it results in instantaneous brain death.[science.howstuffworks.com] Decorticate posturing (figure top) is recognized as bilateral flexion at the elbows and wrists, shoulder adduction and extension of the lower extremities occurring with lesions[casemed.case.edu] The disrupted brainstem can lead to decorticate posture, respiratory center depression and death.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Abstract Brain death (BD) triggers a series of pathophysiological events similar to multiple-organ dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms in severe traumatic brain injury include: Absent, diminished, or unbalanced pupil reaction Hemiparesis Decerebrate or decorticate posturing Bradypnea, apnea, or fixed[symptoma.com] posturing (abnormal flexion) Responds to pain with decorticate posturing (abnormal flexion) 3 Responds to pain with decerebrate posturing (abnormal extension) Responds to[merckmanuals.com]

  • Reye Syndrome

    Reye syndrome can lead to a coma and brain death, so quick diagnosis and treatment are critical. Treatment focuses on preventing brain damage.[icd9data.com] […] and decerebrate posturing Seizures Flaccidity Fixed dilated pupils Respiratory arrest Focal neurologic findings usually are not present.[merckmanuals.com] There is decorticate (flexor) posturing with intact pupillary light reflexes.. .. ..[hawaii.edu]

  • Stroke

    The clot can block blood flow to part of the brain, causing brain tissue death.[web.archive.org] It can also be used to confirm brain death. How does an EEG work?[mayfieldclinic.com] […] of the brain is blocked causing the death of brain cells (called an infarction) in the area of the blocked blood vessel.[strokeassociation.org]

  • Intracranial Hemorrhage

    In one case, herniation was reversed with hypertonic saline and hyperventilation, but in the other, the patient progressed to brain death despite these measures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initial emergency room evaluation found the patient to have anisocoria with a fixed and dilated right pupil and demonstrated evidence of decorticate posturing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brain death: This state is equivalent to functional decapitation and is characterized by irreversible cessation of whole-brain function and hemisphere and brainstem function[emedicine.com]

  • Brain Death

    […] in brain death.[symptoma.com] Criteria for establishing brain death (BD) require absence of all brainstem-mediated reflexes including motor (ie, decerebrate or decorticate) posturing.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Components of a complete neurological examination are: Examination of the patient-absence of spontaneous movement, decerebrate or decorticate posturing, seizures, shivering[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    Primary brain tumors Primary brain tumors originate in the brain. They represent about 1% of all cancers and 2.5% of all cancer deaths.[encyclopedia.com] If left untreated, hydrocephalus can cause brain damage and even death.[aans.org] Brain tumors are the second leading cause of cancer death in children under age 15 and the second fastest growing cause of cancer death among those over age 65.[ucsfhealth.org]

  • Brain Abscess

    Treatment consists of surgical removal of the infected area and administration of antibiotics. brain death the irreversible cessation of all brain activity for an appropriate[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Fungal culture of the brain abscess disclosed Fusarium species 2 weeks after her death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This rapidly raising intra cranial pressure cause coning or impaction of the flocculus or brain stem into the foramen magnum. Coning produces impending death.[sites.google.com]

  • Malaria

    , coma, and even death can happen.[phpa.health.maryland.gov] Definition of decorticate, decerebrate and opisthotonic posturing Abnormal motor posturing, classified as decorticate, decerebrate or opisthotonic posturing is characterised[pubmedcentral.nih.gov] death. 1 African children rarely develop renal failure or pulmonary oedema.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Miller Dieker Syndrome

    It is associated with seizures, mental delay, and early death.[symptoma.com] Lissencephaly means 'smooth brain,' i.e., brain without convolutions or gyri.[malacards.org] Tate's brain was abnormally smooth, without the grooves of a normal brain which receive senses.[dailymail.co.uk]

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