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89 Possible Causes for Brain Edema, Coccidioides Immitis

  • Coccidioidal Meningitis

    An autopsy revealed chronic basal meningitis, cerebral arteritis, cerebral infarcts, hydrocephalus, and an old solitary pulmonary granuloma all due to Coccidioides immitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High-dose voriconazole therapy resulted in gradual resolution of almost all signs and symptoms, normalization of cerebrospinal fluid, and clearing of brain-stem edema seen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of Coccidioides immitis, despite the patient's taking an adequate dosage of fluconazole.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fungal Meningitis

    Abstract Twelve patients with fungal meningitis (ten cases were due to Coccidioides immitis, two were from Cryptococcus neoformans) were treated with brief courses of intravenous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This may lead to cerebral edema that will lead to symptomatic worsening of the patient due to diminished blood flow to various parts of the brain.[symptoma.com] These include: Cryptococcus neoformans Histoplasma capsulatum Coccidioides immitis Candida albicans Blastomyces dermatitidis Aspergillus species and others Most of these fungi[nervous-system-diseases.com]

  • Candida Meningitis

    immitis For a further discussion related to other etiological agents and other infective processes in the CNS, please refer to CNS infectious diseases.[radiopaedia.org] These include: Cryptococcus neoformans Histoplasma capsulatum Coccidioides immitis Candida albicans Blastomyces dermatitidis Aspergillus species and others Most of these fungi[nervous-system-diseases.com] immitis Antibody detection in CSF and serum Candida sp.[wikidoc.org]

  • Bacterial Encephalitis

    An exception is Coccidioides immitis, which commonly causes valley fever in the American Southwest and can cause meningitis even if immunity is normal.[medicinenet.com] edema, status epilepticus, and thrombocytopenia. [28] In contrast, a normal encephalogram at the early stages of diagnosis is associated with high rates of survival. [28][en.wikipedia.org] Other causes include: Coccidioides immitis Histoplasma capsulatum Candida species Fungal meningitis is not contagious; it is not spread from person-to-person but occurs when[labtestsonline.org]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Coccidioides immitis and, rarely, other fungi also cause subacute meningitis (Ref.2).[qiagen.com] Early signs of increased intracranial pressure from brain edema are reported promptly so that measures to reduce pressure can be taken as soon as possible.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Presence of neurological signs indicates complications such as cerebral edema and hydrocephalus.[symptoma.com]

  • Cerebral Angiitis

    Fungal infections with Cryptococcus and Coccidioides immitis can cause stroke through multiple mechanisms including cerebral vasculitis.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] The necrotizing vasculitis primarily affects the small intracranial arteries and veins and alters vascular permeability, ind,cing cerebral edema.[ajronline.org] The emergency CCT-scan revealed massive generalized brain edema. Artificial ventilation was necessary.[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com]

  • Syphilitic Meningitis

    immitis ) THE DISEASE : This is a fungal disease which begins with a lung infection due to inhalation of the organism.[atsu.edu] edema 1,2,15 appearance can mimic brain tumor or pyogenic abscess 15 syphilitic meningomyelitis, if present, is associated with T2-weighted long-segment intrinsic spinal[radiopaedia.org] Gross examination of the brain revealed diffuse cerebral edema with markedly swollen gyri and diffuse, mild opacification of the cerebral meninges.[doi.org]

  • Coccidioidomycosis

    Inbred mouse strains differ in resistance to lethal Coccidioides immitis infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thirty patients had documented brain involvement (73%), most commonly in the form of basilar meningitis. Four patients were positive for HIV (10%).[ajnr.org] In addition, there may be evidence of acute infarctions and edema involving the brain stem, thalamus, cerebellum, or basal ganglia, likely resulting from vasospasm or vasculitis[appliedradiology.com]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    immitis or Histoplasma sp antigen, especially if patients have recently spent time in an endemic area Fungal culture (ideally using a CSF sample of 30 mL) India ink (for[merckmanuals.com] These acute inflammatory responses result in cerebral edema, as well as arterial and venous thrombosis.[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com] immitis.[ahcmedia.com]

  • California Encephalitis

    Fungal agents, such as Coccidioides immitis and Histoplasma capsulatum , also need to be considered in the differential diagnosis of CNS disease [ 2 ].[academic.oup.com] Hypothermia decreases intracranial pressure, cerebral edema and mortality in meningitis. Brain Res Interactive 2000 ;881: 88 - 97 44.[doi.org] Brain edema. N Engl J Med 1975 ;293: 706 - 711 48. McGillicuddy JE. Cerebral protection: pathophysiology and treatment of increased intracranial pressure.[doi.org]

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