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425 Possible Causes for Brain Edema, Hemiparesis, Nystagmus

  • Stroke

    SSEH presenting as a hemiparesis is less common and in such situations, it can be mistaken for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brain edema is accompanied by an increase of intracranial pressure and thus, edema-mediated brain damage is not necessarily restricted to those brain regions originally affected[symptoma.com] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    During the course of illness, the patient had an acute cerebral hemorrhage, which manifested with hemiparesis, dysarthria, and pathologic crying.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] barrier (BBB) damage, brain edema, prolonged extravasation, and hemorrhage.[web.archive.org] The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro]

  • Brain Abscess

    The patient presented with right-sided homonymous hemianopsia and right hemiparesis. Emergent surgical drainage was performed and antibiotics were administered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ammonia is neurotoxic, may cause brain edema, and could contribute to the symptoms of brain abscesses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient may also have spontaneous nystagmus. Dysdiadokinesis is also positive in these patients.[sites.google.com]

  • Listeria Meningitis

    Neurological abnormalities identified were cranial nerve palsies in 2 (6.4%) and hemiparesis in 3 (9.6%). No patients had hearing impairment.[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com] edema and the approach to supportive care of common neurologic symptoms such as seizures, pain, and side effects of commonly used supportive care agents.[books.google.ro] Symptoms such as ataxia, nystagmus, vertigo, facial numbness, dysphagia , persistent hiccuping , and respiratory failure ( 41%) may be present 3 .[radiopaedia.org]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    However, the patient then developed fever, dyspnea, and subsequent right hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Diffuse cerebral edema developed, and the patient was declared brain dead on the fifth day after diagnosis.[nejm.org] There was no gaze preference or nystagmus. Corneal reflexes were intact. The right nasolabial fold was flattened, and right eye closure was decreased.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    She recovered and could speak short sentences, but dysphasia and right hemiparesis remained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This report presents two cases of herpes simplex encephalitis in previously healthy, young adults treated with acyclovir, who developed severe brain edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alcohal intake, sudden witdrawl or reduction in consumption Tachycardia, diaphoresis, hypertension, tremors, mydriasis, positional nystagmus, tachypnea Subarachnoid hemorrhage[wikidoc.org]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    A 32-year-old man presented with slight left hemiparesis. He was slightly confused, and his blood pressure was extremely high.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wernicke's encephalopathy a neurological disorder characterized by confusion, apathy, drowsiness, ataxia of gait, nystagmus, and ophthalmoplegia; it is due to thiamine deficiency[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] generalized weakness - irritability and altered mental status due to cerebrovascular spasm • Signs – Disorientation – Focal neurologic defects – Focal or generalized seizures – nystagmus[slideshare.net]

  • Lupus Cerebritis

    The authors describe three young women with systemic lupus erythematosus and hemiparesis who had major cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion documened by angiography.[glosbe.com] High-dose steroids were given for the cerebral edema.[radiopaedia.org] […] report a 28-year-old patient with systemic lupus erythematosus who had persistent fever for 3 months, and developed within a few hours motor and sensory aphasia, rotator nystagmus[link.springer.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A severe and sudden left-sided sensorimotor hemiparesis occurred 1 year later.[doi.org] […] atrophy and advancing disease 18 T2 lesions are typically hyperintense acute lesions often have surrounding edema SWI at higher field strengths most plaques have been shown[radiopaedia.org] Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    After 7 to 19 days, patients suddenly deteriorated, developing headache, fever, a decreased level of consciousness, brainstem signs, or hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's course was complicated by severe cerebral edema necessitating intracranial pressure monitoring and intracranial pressure-targeted therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A neurological examination revealed bilateral horizontal nystagmus, unstable eye movements, and suspected right-sided gaze paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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