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30 Possible Causes for Brain Imaging Shows Hypomyelination

  • Hypomyelination - Congenital Cataract

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hypomyelination associated with periventricular white matter abnormalities in all patients and brainstem pyramidal tract involvement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brain magnetic resonance imaging show the combination of a diffuse hypomyelination with superimposed periventricular white matter signal abnormalities. this study describes[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All patients show bilateral congenital cataract and progressive neurological impairment with peripheral neuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • West Syndrome

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed diffusely reduced white matter and brainstem volumes with hypomyelination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hypomyelinated white matter, cerebellar atrophy, and a thin corpus callosum.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypomyelination with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and hypodontia (4H syndrome) is a rare disease, characterized by both central and peripheral hypomyelination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congenital Cataract

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging show the combination of a diffuse hypomyelination with superimposed periventricular white matter signal abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hypomyelination associated with periventricular white matter abnormalities in all patients and brainstem pyramidal tract involvement[jamanetwork.com] RESULTS: All patients show bilateral congenital cataract and progressive neurological impairment with peripheral neuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    Figure 1: T1- (a) and T2 (b and c)-weighted axial MR images of the brain show diffuse hypomyelination of white matter appearing isointense on T1-weighted images and hyperintense[annalsofian.org] A male patient showed pendular nystagmus, infantile hypotonia, an abnormal pattern of brain auditory evoked potential, and hypomyelination on brain magnetic resonance imaging[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed classical features of diffuse hypomyelination characteristic of Pelizaeus Merzbacher\'s Disease for this age group.[jpma.org.pk]

  • Leukodystrophy

    Figure 1: Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in a Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disorder: axial T2-weighted images show hypomyelination (a) and image at the level of the[annalsofian.org] Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed global hypomyelination in all the affected children. Mild cerebellar atrophy was seen in two children.[annalsofian.org] Figure 2: Child with GM1 gangliosidosis: (a) shows coarse facial facies (b) shows increased Mongolian spots (c) Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, T2-weighted axial[annalsofian.org]

  • Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy

    Conventional MRI of the brain in neonatal metabolic disorders usually shows non-specific abnormalities (brain swelling, atrophy, delayed or hypomyelination).[mrineonatalbrain.com] More rarely, specific morphological changes (e.g. callosal, cortical abnormalities) or parenchymal lesion patterns (i.e. the imaging manifestations of selective vulnerability[mrineonatalbrain.com]

  • Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain usually shows hypomyelination involving the periventricular white matter.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Recessive Frontotemporal Pachygyria

    A and B, Axial and coronal T2-weighted images show an irregular nodular cortex with hypomyelination of the white matter. WWS is due to an abnormality of chromosome 9q34.[ajnr.org] […] includes a spectrum of anomalies with Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) being the most severe form; Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), the mildest form; and muscle-eye-brain[ajnr.org]

  • Warburg Micro Syndrome 3

    In addition to a widespread white matter hyperintensity on T2- weighted images-likely related to a physiological hypomyelinization-, it showed bilateral frontal polymicrogyria[omicsonline.org] A brain MRI had been performed at three months of age ( Figure 1 ).[omicsonline.org]

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