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142 Possible Causes for Brandt Syndrome, Hypokalemia

  • Ulcerative Colitis

    Hypoalbuminemia (albumin 3.5 g/dL), hypokalemia (postassium 3.5 mEq/L), elevated alkaline phosphatase, and hypomagnesemia (magnesium, 1.5 mg/dL) will be looked for in a comprehensive[symptoma.com] Accessed September 10, 2018. 5- American C, Brandt L, Chey W, et al. An evidence-based position statement on the management of irritable bowel syndrome.[hakeemteam.com] […] for anemia; thrombocytosis, a high platelet count, is occasionally seen Electrolyte studies and kidney function tests are done, as chronic diarrhea may be associated with hypokalemia[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Intravenous Hyperalimentation

    Hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, body-fluid disturbances, vitamin deficiencies such as thiamine, cardiac arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure may result[helpher.org] Other than those listed below, other common complications of TPN include hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia, hypercapnia, decreased copper and zinc levels, elevated[en.wikipedia.org] .  Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia  K and PO4 ATP deficiency which can be life threatening. 55.  Store reconstituted PN bags in a refrigerator until use  Always use aseptic[de.slideshare.net]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    […] pregnant women and is associated with persistent vomiting (more than three episodes per day) that results in severe dehydration, ketonuria, electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia[aafp.org] - A dictionary of medical eponyms Related people Karl Philipp Closs Niels Christian Gauslaa Danbolt Thore Edvard Brandt A zink deficiency syndrome in infants, characterized[whonamedit.com] Serum electrolyte disturbances of patients with hyperemesis result in severe hypokalemia.[karger.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abnormality of a thiamine-requiring enzyme in patients with Wernicke-Korsakoff's syndrome. N. Engl. J. Med. 297: 1367–1370.[link.springer.com] Recent reports have emphasized the occurrence of a myopathy in chronic alcoholism associated with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Colonic Polyp

    Most malignant • Overall size versus malignancy: 2cm 46% • Symptoms • Most are asymptomatic • Some may have diarrhea, especially villous tumors in rectum • May also produce hypokalemia[learningradiology.com] Colonic polyps and polyposis syndromes. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.[nlm.nih.gov] Large villous adenomas may rarely cause watery diarrhea that may result in hypokalemia. Diagnosis of colonic polyps is usually made by colonoscopy.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Villous Adenoma of the Colon

    Most malignant • Overall size versus malignancy: 2cm 46% • Symptoms • Most are asymptomatic • Some may have diarrhea, especially villous tumors in rectum • May also produce hypokalemia[learningradiology.com] Colonic polyps and polyposis syndromes. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.[medlineplus.gov] […] cm (10%), 2 cm (53%) CLINICAL ISSUES • Asymptomatic, diarrhea, pain, rectal bleeding, or melena • Lesion closer to rectum: More likely to have diarrhea, electrolyte loss (hypokalemia[radiologykey.com]

  • Short Bowel Syndrome

    Hypokalemia, however, is a potentially underrecognized cause of rhabdomyolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Small intestine insufficiency; Short gut syndrome; Necrotizing enterocolitis - short bowel Buchman AL. Short bowel syndrome. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.[nlm.nih.gov] It features weight loss, diarrhoea, fatty stools (steatorrhoea), and deficiencies of sodium, potassium and trace elements (hyponatremia, and hypokalemia).[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • VIPoma

    Mild hypokalemia is common and encountered in a multitude of diseases, but severe hypokalemia leading to rhabdomyolysis is relatively rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Colonic polyps and polyposis syndromes. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.[mclarenhealthplan.org] It is a neuroendocrine tumor issue from β-pancreatic islets leading to profuse diarrhea, hypokalemia and gastric achlorydria due to secretion of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] Hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, hepatopumonary syndrome, and other systemic complications of liver disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.[nlm.nih.gov] […] varices ) dietary intake of large quantities of protein (e.g. meat) reduced nitrogen excretion constipation renal failure metabolic or drug interactions hyponatremia or hypokalemia[radiopaedia.org]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 4-year prospective study of Eating Disorder NOS compared with full eating disorder syndromes.[jamanetwork.com] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

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