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273 Possible Causes for Bronchiolitis, Complete Blood Count Abnormal, Small for Age

  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

    In postterm children, young maternal age, male sex, being born small for gestational age and maternal smoking were associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Co-infection with adenovirus is the likely cause for the bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) can have either an acute or chronic onset with an abrupt or insidious course.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Influenza

    H1N1 infections predominantly occurred in school-aged children and adults under 65 years of age. Only a small proportion of cases were fatal.[web.archive.org] PB1-F2 protein is another virulence factor that induce apoptosis of infected cells, which results in life-threatening bronchiolitis.[genome.jp] In addition, data from some studies suggest that influenza vaccination in pregnancy may decrease the risk of preterm birth and infants being small for gestational age.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]

  • Asthma

    The patient was a 28-year-old self-employed businessman with a past history of asthma in childhood, which had resolved completely by the age of eight.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a common, chronic inflammation of the airways to the lungs (i.e. bronchi and bronchioles) Inflammation leads to swelling and mucus production, resulting in reduced[ib.bioninja.com.au] The smaller segments are called bronchioles. At the ends of the bronchioles are the alveoli, thin-walled sacs.[web.archive.org]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    “I don’t sweat the small stuff anymore. I wake up every morning and realize how lucky I am to be alive,” she said.[heartinsight.heart.org] A ventilation scan evaluates ventilation, or the movement of air into and out of the bronchi and bronchioles. A perfusion scan evaluates blood flow within the lungs.[bcm.edu] The use of age adjusted cut-off values instead of the conventional cut-off value was at the expense of a decrease in sensitivity (albeit small and not statistically significant[doi.org]

  • Mycoplasma Pneumonia

    […] and that younger age and higher antibody titer at the time of pneumonia may be risk factors for these sequelae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pseudotumor of the lung, the serum titer of antimycoplasma antibody rose again, and the lung parenchyma adjacent to the mass showed interstitial pneumonia with features of bronchiolitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] minimal intra-alveolar involvement with widened alveolar septa due to lymphoplasmacytic inflammatory cells Intra-alveolar proteinaceous material Neutrophilic infiltrate in bronchioles[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia

    On complete blood count, the patient had microcytic hypochromic iron deficiency anemia with hemoglobin of 9.9 g/dL, serum iron level 4.0 μmol/L; (normal range: 11.6-31.2 μmol[ijdvl.com] Histologic characteristics included polypoid masses of granulation tissue in lumens of small airways, alveolar ducts, and some alveoli.[nejm.org] (idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Lebenthal E, Hatch TF, Lee PC (1981) Development of disaccharidases in premature, small for gestational age and full term infants.[dx.doi.org] At Children’s, we treat kids and teens who have a range of respiratory problems, including: Asthma Bronchiolitis Bronchopulmonary dysplasia Chest pain Chronic cough Chronic[choa.org] Most children with CF are diagnosed by age 2. For a small number, the disease is not detected until age 18 or older.[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Atelectasis

    In children, it is important to use age-appropriate toys without small parts. Sources “Atelectasis”. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved Dec. 10, 2015. . “Atelectasis”. Merck Manual.[innerbody.com] […] human DNase (rhDNase) is an established treatment of atelectasis in cystic fibrosis and its use is also reported in the management of asthma, respiratory syncitial virus bronchiolitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A small number of cases probably result from inhaling toxic substances that injure the bronchi.[generalhealthtopics.com]

  • Chronic Bronchitis

    Some of the variables of interest were not significantly associated with the prevalence of CB in multivariable analysis, possibly due to small numbers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Together, these secretions narrow the airway of bronchi and bronchioles, leading to increased airflow resistance , and in many cases overt obstructive lung disease .[pathwaymedicine.org] - and sex-matched healthy control subjects underwent detailed physiologic testing, including tests of small airway function and a symptom-limited incremental cycle exercise[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mycoplasma Infection

    Most laboratory reports are of infection in children aged from 5 to 14 years, and adults aged 30 to 39 years.[gov.uk] […] pneumonia , mycoplasmas can cause a variety of other respiratory illnesses, including ear infections (about 12% of all ear infections), sinus infections , bronchitis, croup , bronchiolitis[drgreene.com] […] disease involving the upper respiratory tract; the symptoms include pharyngitis, cough, headache, chills, and myalgias. [1] In 5-10% of patients (with the rate depending on age[emedicine.medscape.com]

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