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155 Possible Causes for Bronchiolitis, Orthopnea, Small for Age

  • Asthma

    She denied any chest pain, cough, fever, orthopnea, or leg swelling. She was afebrile and normotensive, and her physical examination was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient was a 28-year-old self-employed businessman with a past history of asthma in childhood, which had resolved completely by the age of eight.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a common, chronic inflammation of the airways to the lungs (i.e. bronchi and bronchioles) Inflammation leads to swelling and mucus production, resulting in reduced[ib.bioninja.com.au]

  • Pneumonia

    Shortness of breath can manifest as orthopnea (inability to lie down flat due to breathlessness) and/or paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (episodes of severe sudden breathlessness[en.wikipedia.org] Mycoplasmal pneumonia, caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, an extremely small organism, usually affects children and young adults; few cases beyond the age of 50 are seen.[britannica.com] Viruses can also infect the low respiratory tract, causing bronchiolitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    Orthopnea occurs with PE as well as heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] “I don’t sweat the small stuff anymore. I wake up every morning and realize how lucky I am to be alive,” she said.[heartinsight.heart.org] A ventilation scan evaluates ventilation, or the movement of air into and out of the bronchi and bronchioles. A perfusion scan evaluates blood flow within the lungs.[bcm.edu]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Dyspnea, Orthopnea, and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. Butterworth Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.[en.wikipedia.org] 10 and 60 yr (mean age of 40) Diffuse small centrilobular nodular opacities and hyperinflation seen on chest x-ray and high-resolution CT Mostly male nonsmokers Almost all[merckmanuals.com] Pathohistological findings in horses with COPD are chronic bronchitis/bronchiolitis, with characteristic changes in lumen, mucosa, submucosa, and smooth muscle layer and alveolar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    CHF Patients with CHF may cough but also have other symptoms and signs such as dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, rales on lung examination, peripheral edema, raised jugular[online.epocrates.com] 10 and 60 yr (mean age of 40) Diffuse small centrilobular nodular opacities and hyperinflation seen on chest x-ray and high-resolution CT Mostly male nonsmokers Almost all[msdmanuals.com] CONCLUSIONS: Early-career experience/training failed to produce rational antibiotic prescribing for URTI and acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bronchitis

    Dyspnea, Orthopnea, and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. Butterworth Publishers. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.[en.wikipedia.org] 10 and 60 yr (mean age of 40) Diffuse small centrilobular nodular opacities and hyperinflation seen on chest x-ray and high-resolution CT Mostly male nonsmokers Almost all[msdmanuals.com] Bronchiolitis is typically caused by a viral infection. The respiratory syncytial virus causes more than half of all cases of bronchiolitis.[healthline.com]

  • Cardiac Asthma

    The mildest form of cardiac asthma is represented by orthopnea.[symptoma.com] Transient wheezers are those children, often with small airways, who wheeze only with viral illnesses.[clinicaladvisor.com] Asthma triggers create inflammation in the bronchioles, pathways through which air passes through out the lungs.[beforeitsnews.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com] […] populations, especially when divided by age, and present a wide range of values. 79–81 Criteria consistent with delayed relaxation are distinctly uncommon in children. 78[revportcardiol.org] At the end of the bronchioles are tiny air sacs known as alveoli. Many tiny blood vessels run through the alveoli.[cancer.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Infection

    […] defining characteristics that better differentiate the studied diagnoses are agitation, irritability and diaphoresis for IGE; dyspnea, use of accessory muscles to breathe, orthopnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] as age-group and season, and it was not informative to combine 2 sites with such different ARI incidences.[journals.lww.com] Bronchiolitis is diagnosed by monitoring the symptoms and analysing a child’s breathing.[europeanlung.org]

  • Heart Failure

    Orthopnea may occur in any condition in which the vital capacity is low. Marked ascites, regardless of its etiology, is an important cause of orthopnea.[emedicine.medscape.com] Discontinuation was similar across age and sex, apart from a small excess in exacerbation of heart failure in the youngest age quarter for women compared with men (5.4% v[doi.org] They are wrapped like vines around an alveolar duct (ductus alveolaris) to alveolar sacs (sacculi alveolares), which attach to the ends of the bronchioles.[flexikon.doccheck.com]

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