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416 Possible Causes for Bronchiolitis, Pertussis, Small for Age

  • Bronchitis

    Nasopharyngeal samples can be tested for influenza and pertussis if these disorders are clinically suspected (eg, for pertussis, persistent and paroxysmal cough after 10 to[merckmanuals.com] 10 and 60 yr (mean age of 40) Diffuse small centrilobular nodular opacities and hyperinflation seen on chest x-ray and high-resolution CT Mostly male nonsmokers Almost all[msdmanuals.com] Bronchiolitis is typically caused by a viral infection. The respiratory syncytial virus causes more than half of all cases of bronchiolitis.[healthline.com]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    […] diagnosis of acute bronchitis caused by B. pertussis with possible co-infection with M. pneumoniae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 10 and 60 yr (mean age of 40) Diffuse small centrilobular nodular opacities and hyperinflation seen on chest x-ray and high-resolution CT Mostly male nonsmokers Almost all[msdmanuals.com] CONCLUSIONS: Early-career experience/training failed to produce rational antibiotic prescribing for URTI and acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Influenza

    OBJECTIVES: Influenza and pertussis vaccination programmes have been in place for pregnant women in the UK since 2009 and 2012, respectively.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] H1N1 infections predominantly occurred in school-aged children and adults under 65 years of age. Only a small proportion of cases were fatal.[web.archive.org] PB1-F2 protein is another virulence factor that induce apoptosis of infected cells, which results in life-threatening bronchiolitis.[genome.jp]

  • Asthma

    Bordetella pertussis positive individuals had lower FEV 1 /FVC (77.1% v 80.7%, p   0.012) and more asthma symptoms than B pertussis negative cases.[dx.doi.org] The patient was a 28-year-old self-employed businessman with a past history of asthma in childhood, which had resolved completely by the age of eight.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a common, chronic inflammation of the airways to the lungs (i.e. bronchi and bronchioles) Inflammation leads to swelling and mucus production, resulting in reduced[ib.bioninja.com.au]

  • Adenovirus Infection

    "Guard Against Pertussis." Contemporary Pediatrics (February 2003): 87. Kolavic-Gray, Shellie A., et al.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] well as from patients with mild febrile inflammatory processes involving the conjunctivas, upper respiratory tract, lungs and intestine. 1 In general, the prognosis at all ages[nejm.org] Acute bronchiolitis was diagnosed in 53/94 (56,4%) children and recurrent wheezing in 41/94 (43,6%) children.[atlasofscience.org]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    If your baby has CF, she should receive routine childhood vaccines against such common illnesses as Hib and pertussis , as well as an annual flu shot (once she's six months[babycenter.com] Lebenthal E, Hatch TF, Lee PC (1981) Development of disaccharidases in premature, small for gestational age and full term infants.[dx.doi.org] At Children’s, we treat kids and teens who have a range of respiratory problems, including: Asthma Bronchiolitis Bronchopulmonary dysplasia Chest pain Chronic cough Chronic[choa.org]

  • Acute Respiratory Infection

    Atypical organisms and Bordetella pertussis were negative in all but one patient. CONCLUSIONS: Influenza virus is the most likely pathogen in ILI/ARI when CRP 5 mg/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] as age-group and season, and it was not informative to combine 2 sites with such different ARI incidences.[journals.lww.com] Bronchiolitis is diagnosed by monitoring the symptoms and analysing a child’s breathing.[europeanlung.org]

  • Croup

    All of the diseases discussed in this chapter, with the exception of epiglottitis and pertussis, are usually caused by viruses; epiglottitis and pertussis are caused by bacteria[atsu.edu] Risk factors Most at risk of getting croup are children between 6 months and 3 years of age.[mayoclinic.org] Croup and acute bronchiolitis are common forms of virally induced respiratory disease in infancy and early childhood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Swyer-James Syndrome

    The most common pathogens include adenoviruses types 3, 7, and 21, while others such as paramyxovirus, Bordetella pertussis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae[symptoma.com] Age and small airway imaging abnormalities in subjects with and without airflow obstruction in SPIROMICS. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2017 ;195: 464 – 472.[atsjournals.org] Swyer-James syndrome is a complication of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans that causes inflammation and fibrosis of the bronchial walls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumonia

    Gram-negative bacteria are seen less frequently: Haemophilus influenzae (J14), Klebsiella pneumoniae (J15.0), Escherichia coli (J15.5), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (J15.1), Bordetella pertussis[en.wikipedia.org] Mycoplasmal pneumonia, caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, an extremely small organism, usually affects children and young adults; few cases beyond the age of 50 are seen.[britannica.com] Viruses can also infect the low respiratory tract, causing bronchiolitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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