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378 Possible Causes for Bronchiolitis, Rales, Small for Age

  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

    […] and symptoms Patients with RSV infection may present with the following symptoms: Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) Cough Tachypnea Cyanosis Retractions Wheezing Rales[emedicine.medscape.com] In postterm children, young maternal age, male sex, being born small for gestational age and maternal smoking were associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Co-infection with adenovirus is the likely cause for the bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis obliterans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Asthma

    Bilateral crepitant rales and sibilant rhochi were also detected. In his thoracic computerized tomography, the ground glass areas were noted in both lungs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient was a 28-year-old self-employed businessman with a past history of asthma in childhood, which had resolved completely by the age of eight.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma is a common, chronic inflammation of the airways to the lungs (i.e. bronchi and bronchioles) Inflammation leads to swelling and mucus production, resulting in reduced[ib.bioninja.com.au]

  • Influenza

    Pneumonia is suggested by a worsening cough, bloody sputum, dyspnea, and rales.[msdmanuals.com] H1N1 infections predominantly occurred in school-aged children and adults under 65 years of age. Only a small proportion of cases were fatal.[web.archive.org] PB1-F2 protein is another virulence factor that induce apoptosis of infected cells, which results in life-threatening bronchiolitis.[genome.jp]

  • Pneumonia

    During auscultation, you typically can hear wet rales. In lobar pneumonia, during auscultation, you can hear the characteristic bronchial respiration.[flexikon.doccheck.com] Mycoplasmal pneumonia, caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, an extremely small organism, usually affects children and young adults; few cases beyond the age of 50 are seen.[britannica.com] Viruses can also infect the low respiratory tract, causing bronchiolitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary auscultation showed bilateral rales and wheezing. Arterial gasometry revealed chronic respiratory alkalosis and oxygen saturation of 95%.[scielo.mec.pt] […] populations, especially when divided by age, and present a wide range of values. 79–81 Criteria consistent with delayed relaxation are distinctly uncommon in children. 78[revportcardiol.org] At the end of the bronchioles are tiny air sacs known as alveoli. Many tiny blood vessels run through the alveoli.[cancer.org]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    Improvements were most pronounced for 'coughing' and 'rales at auscultation'. Tolerability was similarly good in both groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 10 and 60 yr (mean age of 40) Diffuse small centrilobular nodular opacities and hyperinflation seen on chest x-ray and high-resolution CT Mostly male nonsmokers Almost all[msdmanuals.com] CONCLUSIONS: Early-career experience/training failed to produce rational antibiotic prescribing for URTI and acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bronchiolitis

    On days 3 to 5, the following symptoms develop: tachypnea, wheezing, rales, and signs of respiratory distress (eg, grunting, nasal flaring, inter-/subcostal retractions).[mdedge.com] Risk factors that are associated with apnea in patients with Bronchiolitis include: Small for gestational age 5 (2.3 kg) Age 2 months Oxygen saturations 90% Previous episode[emergencymedicinecases.com] Bronchiolitis is most widespread during the winter (from November to March). It's possible to get bronchiolitis more than once during the same season.[nhs.uk]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    There were no rales or rubs. Heart reveals PMI in the 5th intercostal space in MCL. The pulmonic component of the second sound is accentuated.[meddean.luc.edu] “I don’t sweat the small stuff anymore. I wake up every morning and realize how lucky I am to be alive,” she said.[heartinsight.heart.org] A ventilation scan evaluates ventilation, or the movement of air into and out of the bronchi and bronchioles. A perfusion scan evaluates blood flow within the lungs.[bcm.edu]

  • Pulmonary Emphysema

    When bronchitis is present, the rales peculiar to that affection are noticed. There is a pronounced accentuation of the pulmonary second sound. Diagnosis .[henriettes-herb.com] HRCT findings of the aging lung have not been established, probably because the difference in attenuation accompanying the changes is small. Aging lung.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Normal respiratory bronchioles Sharply enhanced respiratory bronchioles in emphysema 12.  If the overall picture is dominated by changes in the bronchioles, the expanded[slideshare.net]

  • Mycoplasma Pneumonia

    Pulmonary involvement may be widespread or focal and segmental and is accompanied by signs including rales, rhonchi, and decreased breath sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and that younger age and higher antibody titer at the time of pneumonia may be risk factors for these sequelae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pseudotumor of the lung, the serum titer of antimycoplasma antibody rose again, and the lung parenchyma adjacent to the mass showed interstitial pneumonia with features of bronchiolitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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