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31 Possible Causes for Bronchospasm and Wheezing, T Cell Activation Increased, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Asthma

    There are increased numbers of activated eosinophils, CD25-positive T lymphocytes, and immature macrophages with the phenotypic characteristics of blood monocytes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (a) The chest x-ray shows an abnormal distension of the fundus of the stomach.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] asth·ma \ ˈaz-mə, British ˈas- \ : a chronic lung disorder that is marked by recurring episodes of airway obstruction (as from bronchospasm) manifested by labored breathing[merriam-webster.com]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Cytokines are secreted from the stimulated Tcells to further increase immune activity.[doi.org] Chest CT may reveal abnormalities that are not apparent on the chest x-ray and may also suggest coexisting or complicating disorders, such as pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, or[merckmanuals.com] These may be caused by bronchospasm, a sudden contraction of the airways that makes it difficult to breathe and that may trigger a torrent of wheezing or coughing.[health.harvard.edu]

  • Allergic Asthma

    It is associated with increased IgE, mast cell activation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), mucus overproduction and remodeling of the airways.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Asthma symptoms occur due to a combination of inflammation, bronchospasm and mucus production.[symptoma.com] Previously, this pathological trait has been associated with T helper type 2 (Th2) cells.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Role of T and B Cells in ARDS After APC activation, the cells recruit circulating T and B cells to cause inflammatory cascades.[mdpi.com] Chest X-rays showed abnormalities in 60–100% of the patients [ 16 ].[em-consulte.com] Severe pneumonia Coughing and purulent sputum, Consolidation foci in chest x-ray Pulmonary thromboembolism "Almost" normal chest x-ray with refractory hypoxemia Mixed Severe[xlung.net]

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    […] called resident memory T (TRM) cells.[news-medical.net] A chest X-ray can help identify which part of the patient's lung is infected. An X-ray also can show abnormal fluid collections which also can help diagnose pneumonia.[emedicinehealth.com] Chest x-ray. Arterial blood gas (ABG). Sputum culture. Urinalysis. Treatment for Bacterial Pneumonia Antibiotics are the main line of treatment for bacterial pneumonia.[epainassist.com]

  • Hypersensitivity

    However, increased activation of CD4 T-cell and CD8 T-cells was only observed following four days of DDAB exposure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In some cases, an abnormal finding on an X-ray done for another reason may uncover the lung damage caused by hypersensitivity pneumonitis.[cedars-sinai.edu] There will be increasing wheeze, due to bronchospasm, sometimes with stridor associated with laryngeal edema.[haematologica.org]

  • Bronchiectasis

    The presence of bronchiectasis is consistent with a persistently active inflammatory process, and increases in CD 4 T lymphocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils, and interleukin[doi.org] Chest x-ray is usually abnormal and may be diagnostic.[merckmanuals.com] Bronchospasm was reported in three studies ( Drobnic 2005 ; Murray 2011 ; Wilson 2013a ) and wheeze in two studies ( Barker 2000 ; Drobnic 2005 ).[doi.org]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Phenotypes include augmented IgE production in response to pathogens, altered Ca2 flux in response to T-cell receptor activation, and increased IL-13 secretion. [ PMC free[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was seen in the emergency department and chest x-rays showed no abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis was based on standard criteria: abnormalities on histologic analysis of biopsy specimens, visible calculi on x-ray films, unequivocally[nejm.org]

  • Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia

    Two-color analysis of T-cell subsets revealed that CD3 HLA-DR cells (activated T cell) in BALF of patients with BOOP and CEP increased significantly compared with volunteers[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Complete resolution of symptoms and x-ray abnormalities occurs within 14 days in most patients and by 1 mo in almost all.[merckmanuals.com] (abnormal x-ray) Lung fluid eosinophilia 25% Absence of parasitic, fungal or other infection Absence of drugs known to cause pulmonary eosinophilia Quick clinical response[apfed.org]

  • Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis

    CD23 is the low affinity IgE receptor (FcϵRII), which is an activation marker present on multiple immune cells including B cells, monocytes, eosinophils, and activated T cells[doi.org] A chest x-ray may be abnormal and may look the same as the chest x-ray of someone with ‘pneumonia’ (but pneumonia is a different condition due to infection of the lung with[lungfoundation.com.au] This allele has been demonstrated to increase IL13 promoter activity in primary human and murine CD4 Th2 cells by creation of a Yin-Yang binding site, which overlaps a STAT[aacijournal.biomedcentral.com]

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