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37 Possible Causes for Brudzinski's Sign Positive, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[slideshare.net] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[openanesthesia.org] Blockage of the normal CSF circulation can enlarge the ventricles (hydrocephalus), causing confusion, lethargy, and loss of consciousness.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Kernig’s and Brudzinski’s signs are positive in around 50% of the patients of meningitis. 50% of the patients with meningococcal meningitis may also have purpuric or petechial[symptoma.com] brudzinski's sign ) are indicative of meningeal irritation.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Kernig sign, positive Brudzinski sign, neck stiffness, and jolt accentuation of headache (i.e., worsening of headache by horizontal rotation of the head two to three times[aafp.org]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    Kernig's and Brudzinski's signs were positive. India ink was positive on two cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. She had hyperglycemia and glucosuria as well.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[shmabstracts.com] Early management of hydrocephalus is vital as raised intracranial pressure is the major cause of mortality in patients with AIDS‐associated cryptococcal meningitis who are[shmabstracts.com]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[nlm.nih.gov] Inhalation anthrax Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) Pituitary tumor Reye syndrome Risks of lumbar puncture include: Bleeding into the spinal canal or around the brain[nlm.nih.gov] Normal values typically range as follows: Pressure: 70 to 180 mm H 2 O Appearance: clear, colorless CSF total protein : 15 to 60 mg/100 mL Gamma globulin: 3% to 12% of the[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    There was marked neck stiffness with positive Brudzinski's sign. The remainder of the systemic examination was unremarkable.[scielo.br] She was lethargic and preferred the lying position. Neck stiffness and Brudzinski’s sign were also noted.[ijponline.biomedcentral.com] Neurological examination showed positive meningeal presentations-severe neck stiffness, Brudzinski neck sign, Brudzinski symphyseal sign, Kernig’s sign.[aclr.com.es]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with a headache and appetite loss lasting for nine days and was admitted to our hospital, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis associated with acute sphenoid sinusitis. While the administration of meropenem and dexamethasone ameliorated the meningitis, right[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tularemia Meningitis

    Patient symptoms consisted mostly of a stiff neck, positive Kernig and Brudzinski signs and a severe headache that would improve after a lumbar puncture.[journals.lww.com]

  • Staphylococcus Aureus Meningitis

    , increases the likelihood of meningitis when found to be positive. 7 However, according to one meta-analysis, the sensitivities of Kernig’s and Brudzinski’s signs were 53%[ahcmedia.com] Kernig’s sign, defined as resistance of knee extension with the hips flexed, and Brudzinski’s sign, defined as hip and knee flexion in response to forward flexion of the neck[ahcmedia.com]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Abstract Eleven cases of Hemophilus meningitis seen in the last year are reported. Three were H. parainfluenzae and eight were H. influenzae. The number of patients is small but probably indicates that there is little difference in the clinical or laboratory data in meningitis caused by these two organisms. The[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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