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193 Possible Causes for Brudzinsky Sign

  • Echovirus Infection

    Only about one third of patients demonstrate Kernig and Brudzinski signs.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Meningism

    Brudzinski's sign occurs in meningitis (of any etiology) where passive flexion of a patient's neck elicits reflexive bilateral knee and hip flexion; it was originally known[radiopaedia.org] Diagnostic accuracy of Kernig's and Brudzinski's sign.[doi.org] Seven patients had Kernig's sign but did not have Brudzinski's sign; 7 patients had Brudzinski's sign but did not have Kernig's sign; and 4 patients had both meningeal signs[doi.org]

  • Meningitis

    Diagnostic accuracy of Kernig's and Brudzinski's sign.[dx.doi.org] Diagnostic accuracy of Kernig's and Brudzinski's sign .[doi.org] Seven patients had Kernig's sign but did not have Brudzinski's sign; 7 patients had Brudzinski's sign but did not have Kernig's sign; and 4 patients had both meningeal signs[dx.doi.org]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    The classic signs of meningitis upon physical examination include neck stiffness, Kernig’s sign and Brudzinski’s sign.[symptoma.com] Examination maneuvers such as Kernig sign or Brudzinski sign may not be useful to differentiate bacterial from aseptic meningitis because of variable sensitivity and specificity[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's neck stiffness was obvious and the Kernig and Brudzinski signs were produced.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Urethritis

    A full neurological examination may reveal neck stiffness as a sign of meningitis in addition to a positive Kernig or Brudzinski sign.[infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com]

  • Delirium

    […] and neck Neurologic examination Findings can suggest a cause, as with the following: Fever, meningismus, or Kernig and Brudzinski signs suggest CNS infection.[msdmanuals.com] Examination, particularly in patients who are not fully cooperative, should focus on the following: Vital signs Hydration status Potential foci for infection Skin and head[msdmanuals.com]

  • Viral Exanthem

    Classically, patients present with fevers and clinical signs of meningeal irritation (e.g. neck stiffness, Brudzinski sign).[radiopaedia.org]

  • Viral Meningitis

    Classically, patients present with fevers and clinical signs of meningeal irritation (e.g. neck stiffness, Brudzinski sign).[radiopaedia.org] The Kernig and Brudzinski signs may or may not be elicited. Leukocyte count is normal.[atsu.edu] brudzinski's sign ) are indicative of meningeal irritation.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Micturition Syncope

    His neck was supple and there was no Brudzinski’s sign. There was no cervical adenopathy or thyromegaly.[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Aseptic Meningitis

    Kernig and Brudzinski signs were present. Lumber puncture revealed pleocytosis with no evidence of bacteria growth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The diagnostic accuracy of Kernig's sign, Brudzinski's sign, and nuchal rigidity in adults with suspected meningitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;35(1):46–52. 10.[aafp.org] 100 percent of patients with meningitis; when headache is included, two of the four features are observed in 95 percent of patients with meningitis. 7, 8 The Kernig and Brudzinski[aafp.org]

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