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27 Possible Causes for Brushfield Spot, Protrusion of Tongue

  • Down Syndrome

    Brushfield's spots: Speckled iris. Little white spots that slightly elevated on the surface of the iris arranged in a ring concentric with the pupil.[medterms.com] The hypoglossal nerve stimulator is an implantable device that produces an electrical impulse to the anterior branches of the hypoglossal nerve, resulting in tongue protrusion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Results: Ocular findings included nystagmus (29.2%), esotropia (26.1%), epiphora (21.5%), Brushfield spots (16.9%), lens opacities (12.3%), abnormalities of the retinal vessels[dx.doi.org]

  • Zellweger Syndrome

    We did not observe any Brushfield spots, any renal and brain cysts, or adrenal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Impaired vision Loss of eyesight Poor vision [ more ] 0000505 5%-29% of people have these symptoms Abnormality of coagulation Abnormal blood clotting 0001928 Abnormality of the tongue[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Clinical Features [ edit ] Craniofacial Features Flat occiput and face Anteverted nares Epicanthal folds Brushfield spots High forehead Large fontanels Shallow orbits Ocular[en.wikibooks.org]

  • Infantile Choroidocerebral Calcification Syndrome

    Eye problems associated with this syndrome are myopia and "Brushfield" spots (gray or pale yellow spots at the periphery of the iris).[tsbvi.edu] ) beneath the tongue, a condition that sometimes interferes with protrusion of the tongue.[britannica.com] When Quasthoff was born, he was severely disabled, the result of his mother’s having taken…… Tongue-tie Tongue-tie, congenital shortening of the flap of mucous membrane (frenum[britannica.com]

  • Absent Thumb - Short Stature - Immunodeficiency Syndrome

    spots Term Definition AD, TSC1/2 gene ash-leaf/hypopigmented macules, shagreen patch, facial angioma/adeoma sebaceum, ungual fibromas, seizures/infantile spasms, cardiac[flashcardmachine.com] […] thrust - forceful protrusion of the tongue, often in response to an oral stimulus Triceps skinfold measure - measurement of the skin and subcutaneous fat layer around the[depts.washington.edu] Will see epicanthal folds, simian crease, brushfield spots in eyes.[kumc.edu]

  • Familial Congenital Palsy of Trochlear Nerve

    spots, 111 C Top Caffeine, 30 Canavan disease, 114, 288 Carbamyl phosphate synthetase deficiency, 80 Carbohydrate metabolism disorders, 81 Carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein[pediatricneuro.com] The main abnormality was tongue atrophy, unilateral or bilateral, in 14 subjects (39%; Fig. 7 B). Seven subjects (18%) had tongue deviation with protrusion.[academic.oup.com] […] to tumor, 265 Brachmann-de Lange syndrome, 273 Brainstem lesions, apnea, 25 Brain tumors, 46, 257, 288 Breathing, apparatus, 13-16 Branched-chain amino acid disorders, 72 Brushfield[pediatricneuro.com]

  • Smith-Magenis Syndrome

    Both conditions share brachycephaly, upward slanting palpebral fissures, a short and broad nose, a round face with midface flattening, iris hamartomas (Brushfield spots in[jmg.bmj.com] Oral sensorimotor dysfunction, in which affected individuals have difficulties controlling the lips, tongue and jaw muscles, may also develop and can cause tongue protrusion[rarediseases.org] , and jaw muscle movements often resulting in tongue protrusion.[symptoma.com]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Associated features include generalized hypotonia, transverse palmar creases (simian lines),shortening and incurving of the 5th fingers (clinodactyly),Brushfield's spots and[quizlet.com] Crying provides an opportunity to examine the mouth Avoid depressing the tongue Stimulates a strong reflex protrusion Makes visualization of the mouth difficult Well formed[quizlet.com] Common minor anomalies include: upward-slanting eyes inner epicanthal folds small upturned nose with saddle bridge a protruding tongue that develops fissures with age Brushfield[medicalhomeportal.org]

  • Adactyly of Foot

    spots, 89 hamartomata, 24 isolated congenital nail dysplasia, 469 J Jackson-Weiss syndrome, 209 Jadassohn nevus phakomatosis, 366 joint ankylosis, 59 contracture, 59 hypermobility[docplayer.net] Subjective: Increased length and width of the tongue Comments:Normal standards do not exist. Large size usually leads to protrusion of the tongue.[quizlet.com] […] hypopituitarism, 411 hypoplasia, 139, 345 hypothalamic hamartoblastoma, 411 I ichthyosis, 482 iliac horn syndrome, 471 imperforate anus, 411 index finger clinodactyly, 362 iris Brushfield[docplayer.net]

  • Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

    spots 0001088 Glaucoma 0000501 Primary adrenal insufficiency 0008207 Thickened nuchal skin fold Thickened skin folds of neck Thickened skin over the neck [ more ] 0000474[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Impaired vision Loss of eyesight Poor vision [ more ] 0000505 5%-29% of people have these symptoms Abnormality of coagulation Abnormal blood clotting 0001928 Abnormality of the tongue[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] 29% of people have these symptoms Abnormality of coagulation Abnormal blood clotting 0001928 Abnormality of the tongue Abnormal tongue Tongue abnormality [ more ] 0000157 Brushfield[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Spastic Ataxia with Congenital Miosis

    Will see epicanthal folds, simian crease, brushfield spots in eyes.[kumc.edu] Bear in mind that normal subjects cannot hold their tongues perfectly still, but are able to prevent protrusion from the mouth and sustain protrusion.[casemed.case.edu] Ocular signs include epicanthus, blepharoconjunctivitis, cataract, keratoconus, nystagmus and iris spots (Brushfield's).[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

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