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31 Possible Causes for Buccal Frenulae

  • Pallister-Hall Syndrome

    frenula microglossia cleft lip and palate teeth natal teeth cardiovascular anomalies ventricular septal defect patent ductus arteriosus proximal aortic coarctation respiratory[humpath.com] Some, but not all, patients had laryngeal cleft, abnormal lung lobulation, renal agenesis and/or renal dysplasia, short 4th metacarpals, nail dysplasia, multiple buccal frenula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include a short nose with flat nasal bridge, low-set and posteriorly angulated ears, cleft palate, cleft uvula, buccal frenula, bifid epiglottis, and cleft larynx.[ajnr.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Prognathism

    frenula, microglossia, micrognathia, cleft palate, malformed ears TF Paired box homeotic gene-3 PAX3 2q35 193500 Waardenburg syndrome, type I 193500 AD wide nasal bridge,[en.wikibooks.org] Waardenburg syndrome, type IIA 193510 AD wide nasal bridge, short philtrum, cleft lip or palate, deafness Pallister-Hall syndrome 146510 AD short nose, flat nasal bridge, multiple buccal[en.wikibooks.org]

  • Isolated Trigonocephaly

    It was first reported by Opitz, et al. in 1969 and is characterized by trigonocephaly (prominent metopic sutures), multiple buccal frenula, polydactyly, skin laxity, primordial[indianpediatrics.net] frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

  • X-Linked Mandibulofacial Dysostosis

    frenula, microglossia, micrognathia, cleft palate, malformed ears TF Paired box homeotic gene-3 PAX3 2q35 193500 Waardenburg syndrome, type I 193500 AD wide nasal bridge,[widesmiles2.org] Waardenburg syndrome, type IIA 193510 AD wide nasal bridge, short philtrum, cleft lip or palate, deafness Pallister-Hall syndrome 146510 AD short nose, flat nasal bridge, multiple buccal[widesmiles2.org]

  • Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome

    frenula, microglossia, micrognathia, cleft palate, malformed ears TF Paired box homeotic gene-3 PAX3 2q35 193500 Waardenburg syndrome, type I 193500 AD wide nasal bridge,[widesmiles2.org] frenula -microglossia -micrognathia -cleft palate -malformed ears describe waardenburg syndrome type I -autosomal dominant -wide nasal bridge -short philtrum -cleft lip or[brainscape.com] Waardenburg syndrome, type IIA 193510 AD wide nasal bridge, short philtrum, cleft lip or palate, deafness Pallister-Hall syndrome 146510 AD short nose, flat nasal bridge, multiple buccal[widesmiles2.org]

  • Isolated Brachycephaly

    frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

  • Familial Scaphocephaly Syndrome

    frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

  • Congenital Velopharyngeal Incompetence

    […] between the buccal mucous membrane and alveolar ridge.[plasticsurgerykey.com] BNORMALITIES OF O ROFACIODIGITAL S YNDROME T YPE I Common Abnormalities: Oral, Facial, Digital, Scalp, Central Nervous System, Cranium, Renal Oral: Multiple and/or hyperplastic frenula[plasticsurgerykey.com]

  • Isolated Scaphocephaly

    frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

  • Baller-Gerold Syndrome

    frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

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