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102 Possible Causes for Buccal Frenulae, Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients, Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes

  • Craniosynostosis Type 3

    frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

    Missing: Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients
  • Pallister-Hall Syndrome

    ) Syndactyly (abnormal "webbing" between, or fusing of, adjacent fingers and/or toes) Short limbs Dysplastic nails ( i.e., finger nails and toe nails that are flaky and poorly[brighthub.com] frenula microglossia cleft lip and palate teeth natal teeth cardiovascular anomalies ventricular septal defect patent ductus arteriosus proximal aortic coarctation respiratory[humpath.com] Some, but not all, patients had laryngeal cleft, abnormal lung lobulation, renal agenesis and/or renal dysplasia, short 4th metacarpals, nail dysplasia, multiple buccal frenula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients
  • Mohr Syndrome

    frenulae, bilateral preaxial polydactyly of feet and postaxial polydactyly of hands) accompanied by microcephaly, micropenis and severe intellectual disabilities.[ciliajournal.biomedcentral.com] Hereditary abnormality of the buccal mucosa: abnormal bands and frenula. Revuede stomatologic 1994;55:209-27. 5. Toriello HV. Oral facial digital syndromes.[journalofpediatriccriticalcare.com] Hereditary abnormality of the buccal mucosa: abnormal bands and frenula. Revuede stomatologic 1994; 55: 209-27. 3.Toriello HV. Oral facial digital syndromes.[jpma.org.pk]

    Missing: Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • Baller-Gerold Syndrome

    Most patients with Townes-Brocks syndrome have normal intelligence, although mental retardation has been noted in a few.[jmg.bmj.com] frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] Major findings include external ear anomalies, hearing loss, preaxial polydactyly and triphalangeal thumbs, imperforate anus, and renal malformations.[jmg.bmj.com]

    Missing: Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome

    Intellectual disability occurs in PS, but intelligence is normal in the majority of patients.[forgottendiseases.org] frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

    Missing: Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • Pallister W Syndrome

    Most patients with Townes-Brocks syndrome have normal intelligence, although mental retardation has been noted in a few.[jmg.bmj.com] These include a short nose with flat nasal bridge, low-set and posteriorly angulated ears, cleft palate, cleft uvula, buccal frenula, bifid epiglottis, and cleft larynx.[ajnr.org] Major findings include external ear anomalies, hearing loss, preaxial polydactyly and triphalangeal thumbs, imperforate anus, and renal malformations.[jmg.bmj.com]

    Missing: Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • X-Linked Mandibulofacial Dysostosis

    frenula, microglossia, micrognathia, cleft palate, malformed ears TF Paired box homeotic gene-3 PAX3 2q35 193500 Waardenburg syndrome, type I 193500 AD wide nasal bridge,[widesmiles2.org] Waardenburg syndrome, type IIA 193510 AD wide nasal bridge, short philtrum, cleft lip or palate, deafness Pallister-Hall syndrome 146510 AD short nose, flat nasal bridge, multiple buccal[widesmiles2.org]

    Missing: Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • Growth Failure

    Variable features include laryngeal cleft, abnormal lung lobulation, renal agenesis and/or renal dysplasia, short 4th metacarpals, nail dysplasia, multiple buccal frenula,[analesdepediatria.org]

    Missing: Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • Isolated Trigonocephaly

    It was first reported by Opitz, et al. in 1969 and is characterized by trigonocephaly (prominent metopic sutures), multiple buccal frenula, polydactyly, skin laxity, primordial[indianpediatrics.net] frenula, limb defects, visceral anomalies involving the genitalia, heart, and intestine, redundant skin, joint contractures and dislocations, hemangiomas, mental deficiency[rrnursingschool.biz] […] trigonocephaly, unusual facies (up-slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, strabismus, hypoplastic nasal root), wide alveolar ridges, deep midline palatal furrow, multiple buccal[rrnursingschool.biz]

    Missing: Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes
  • Autosomal Dominant Prognathism

    frenula, microglossia, micrognathia, cleft palate, malformed ears TF Paired box homeotic gene-3 PAX3 2q35 193500 Waardenburg syndrome, type I 193500 AD wide nasal bridge,[en.wikibooks.org] Waardenburg syndrome, type IIA 193510 AD wide nasal bridge, short philtrum, cleft lip or palate, deafness Pallister-Hall syndrome 146510 AD short nose, flat nasal bridge, multiple buccal[en.wikibooks.org]

    Missing: Normal Intelligence in Majority of Patients Syndactyly between Adjacent Toes

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