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13 Possible Causes for Buffalo Hump, Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension, Supraclavicular Fat Pads

  • Obesity

    Wall M: The headache profile of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Cephalalgia 1990, 10: 331–335. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 13.[doi.org] Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a disorder of elevated intracranial pressure of unknown cause.[doi.org] Friedman DI: Cerebral venous pressure, intra-abdominal pressure, and dural venous sinus stenting in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.[doi.org]

  • Morbid Obesity

    , coronary artery disease, left ventricular hypertrophy, atherosclerosis, and pulmonary hypertension Central nervous system diseases: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension,[symptoma.com] […] comorbidities including: Respiratory diseases: Sleep apnea, respiratory infections, bronchial asthma, and obesity hypoventilation syndrome Cardiovascular diseases: Essential hypertension[symptoma.com]

  • Cushing's Disease

    Several studies have reported an association between idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and deficits of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition to the typical clinical symptoms such as moon face,buffalo hump,and central obesity,the CD patients may also experience mental disorders and cognitive dysfunction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Weight gain in face ( moon face ) Weight gain above the collar bone (supraclavicular fat pad) Weight gain on the back of neck ( buffalo hump ) Skin changes with easy bruising[aans.org]

  • Iatrogenic Cushing's Disease

    Ichthyosis Idiopathic intracranial hypertension Idiopathic scoliosis IgA nephropathy Immunization schedule Immunosuppressants Impetigo Inborn errors of carbohydrate metabolism[amboss.com] View of buffalo hump, on the patient’s neck. F ig . 2. View of buffalo hump, on the patient’s neck.[academic.oup.com] Weight gain in face ( moon face ) Weight gain above the collar bone (supraclavicular fat pad) Weight gain on the back of neck ( buffalo hump ) Skin changes with easy bruising[aans.org]

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormone

    The symptoms may include weight gain and fatty deposits in certain areas of the body, such as the face, below the back of the neck called a buffalo hump and in the abdomen[hopkinsmedicine.org] Adverse effects of systemic steroids Effects on body fat Redistribution of body fat: moon face, buffalo hump, truncal obesity Weight gain: increased appetite and food intake[dermnetnz.org]

  • ACTH-Independent Cushing Syndrome

    Ichthyosis Idiopathic intracranial hypertension Idiopathic scoliosis IgA nephropathy Immunization schedule Immunosuppressants Impetigo Inborn errors of carbohydrate metabolism[amboss.com] hump or dorsocervical fat pad Enlarged fat pads in the supraclavicular fossa Truncal obesity Generalized obesity Facial plethora Wasting in the extremities Acne Easy bruising[specialty.mims.com] fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org]

  • ACTH-Dependent Cushing Syndrome

    Ichthyosis Idiopathic intracranial hypertension Idiopathic scoliosis IgA nephropathy Immunization schedule Immunosuppressants Impetigo Inborn errors of carbohydrate metabolism[amboss.com] It causes characteristic symptoms including obesity of the trunk and thinning of the extremities, a thickening at the base of neck called a buffalo hump, a rounding of the[surgery.med.miami.edu] Case: A 26-year-old male patient presented with moon face, purplish striae, supraclavicular fat pads and proximal muscle weakness.[endocrine-abstracts.org]

  • Corticotroph Pituitary Adenoma

    intracranial hypertension.[eyewiki.aao.org] […] features 6 : rounded face, sometimes described as 'moon-shaped' progressive centripetal obesity and weight gain prominent supraclavicular fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo[radiopaedia.org] […] signs of Cushings syndrome and disease may include: Change in body habitus: weight gain in face (moon face), above the collar bone (supraclavicular) and on back of neck (buffalo[pituitary.org]

  • Hypertension

    Abstract BACKGROUND: Dural venous sinus stenting has emerged as an effective and durable treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On physical examination, centripetal obesity with 'moon face' and 'buffalo's hump' were identified, and wheezing on left lung was heard.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] fat pads, wide (1-cm) violaceous striae, hirsutism Overnight 1-mg dexamethasone suppression test 24-h urinary free cortisol excretion (preferably multiple); midnight salivary[dx.doi.org]

  • Secondary Aldosteronism

    BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome consisting of headache, visual field defects and papilledema of uncertain etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hump Central obesity Moon facies Striae Cushing syndrome 24-hour urinary cortisol Late-night salivary cortisol Low-dose dexamethasone suppression Table 1.[aafp.org] Weight gain, glucose intolerance, striae, skin thinning, increase in cervical, supraclavicular fat pad, facial plethora, muscle weakness, or osteoporosis in an obese patient[thecurbsiders.com]