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255 Possible Causes for Bulbar Dysfunction

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 21

    A complex autosomal recessive form (OMIM:248900) of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative spinal cord disease characterised by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs; initial symptoms include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in legs, muscle spasms, and dragging of toes[…][medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Polyneuropathy

    He also had evidence of bulbar dysfunction with poor suck, recurrent aspiration and requiring nasogastric feeding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Influenza

    One patient developed bulbar dysfunction, and 5 developed facial palsy.[doi.org]

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    Two patients sought treatment for symptoms of bulbar motor dysfunction and the marked emotional lability that characterizes pseudobulbar palsy (PBP).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] children or adults and form a spectrum of severity, based around the common feature of bulbar dysfunction and motor neurone degeneration.[patient.info] Large posterior fossa tumors should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with a clinical picture of bulbar motor dysfunction coupled with emotional lability[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    Neurologic course, endocrine dysfunction and triplet repeat size in spinal bulbar muscular atrophy. Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 31, 378–382 (2004). 41. Büchter, D. et al.[dx.doi.org]

  • Autoimmune Encephalopathy with Parasomnia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Therefore, this study confirms that the core symptoms of anti-IgLON5 disease include the sleep disorder along with gait instability and bulbar dysfunction and draws attention[doi.org] Symptoms that led to initial consultation included sleep problems (8 patients; 36%), gait abnormalities (8; 36%), bulbar dysfunction (3; 14%), chorea (2; 9%), and cognitive[doi.org] With the identification of more patients, 4 clinical presentations were characterized according to predominant symptoms: prominent sleep disorder, progressive bulbar dysfunction[doi.org]

  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Occlusion with Infarction

    . • Complete basilar occlusion – Constellation of bilateral long tract signs (sensory & motor) with signs of cranial nerve & cerebellar dysfunction. • “Locked-in” state: –[slideshare.net] Basilar artery occlusion Clinical features 1.Paralysis of all four limbs 2.Bulbar paralysis 3.Eye movements abnormalities 4.Nystagmus 5.Coma Note: The neurological deficit[slideshare.net]

  • Strabismus

    The increased exposure of the bulbar conjunctival area along with the dysfunctional lubricity between the eyelids and the deviated eye could be the main underlying pathophysiological[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hypothesize that two possible mechanisms may determine dry eye in strabismus patients by setting up a specific vicious circle: firstly, the increased exposure of the area of the bulbar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] conjunctiva located on the opposite side compared to the deviation may cause the thinning of the tear film lipid layer, with increased tear film instability; secondly, the dysfunctional[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinal Stenosis

    This may manifest as quadriparesis, bulbar dysfunction and respiratory insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alexander Disease

    dysfunction as the primary feature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most frequent symptoms were related to bulbar dysfunction-with dysarthria, dysphagia, dysphonia (seven patients)-, pyramidal involvement (seven patients) and cerebellar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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