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192 Possible Causes for Bulbar Dysfunction (e.g., Dysarthria and Dysphagia)

Did you mean: Bulbar Dysfunction, (e.g., Dysarthria, and, Dysphagia

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    The outstanding clinical features were severe dysarthria and dysphagia compared to minimal limb involvement.[] dysfunction and motor neurone degeneration.[] It also results in dysarthria and dysphagia, but with a decreased gag reflex and absence of emotional lability.[]

  • Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Over time, the trunk, upper extremities, and bulbar muscles are involved, leading to arm and hand weakness, dysarthria, and dysphagia.[] However, they also noted an additional 9 patients who had ‘multifocal' PLS with asymmetry but evolution of bulbar dysfunction, or with bulbar dysfunction as a presenting symptom[] Six patients had no dysarthria or dysphagia, and another 6 had the minimum EMG changes that were permitted for enrollment (table e-1).[]

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

    From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an adult-onset progressive myopathy characterized by progressive eyelid ptosis, dysphagia[] dysfunction ( Satoyoshi and Kinoshita, 1977 ; Scrimgeour and Mastaglia, 1984 ).[] Ptosis occurs first in 43% and dysphagia first in 14%. Dysarthria and dysphagia are often associated with facial muscle weakness.[]

  • Niemann-Pick Disease Type C

    Typical neurological manifestations include vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, saccadic eye movement abnormalities, cerebellar ataxia, dystonia, dysmetria, dysphagia and dysarthria[] We describe a patient who presented with a neurovisceral syndrome characterised by ataxia, bulbar dysfunction, supranuclear gaze palsy, splenomegaly and foamy histiocytes[] Dystonia, ataxia, dysarthria and dysphagia are also common while cataplexy, seizures and gaze palsy are rare.[]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    , and dysphagia), personality changes, and cognitive impairment.[] Accordingly, the absence of supranuclear gaze palsy, early falls and early bulbar dysfunction, with a positive response to levodopa, convey a good prognosis, but patients[] Typical symptoms may include the following key features The early symptoms of PSP may be dysphagia and dysarthria.[]

  • Alexander Disease

    , dysphonia, dysphagia, ataxia, spastic paraparesis and palatal myoclonus.[] dysfunction as the primary feature.[] This case presented with progressive dysarthria, dysphagia and spastic gait on the right side.[]

  • Classic Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Syndrome

    […] and dysphagia.[] dysfunction.[] A female patient initially exhibited dysarthria at the age of 65, followed by gait disturbance and dysphagia.[]

  • Fazio-Londe Disease

    Clinical manifestations include dysarthria, dysphagia, facial weakness, tongue weakness, and fasciculations of the tongue and facial muscles.[] dysfunction.[] This condition is characterized by facial weakness, dysphagia, stridor, dysarthria, and paralysis of the eye muscles.[]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    Dysarthria and dysphagia are found in various neurological diseases.[] Primary lateral sclerosis can occasionally present with bulbar dysfunction, but is characteristically very slowly progressive with UMN signs ultimately generalising.[] dysfunction, although clinical features of ALS may develop. 39 The rates of survival for the UMN phenotypes of MND are typically prolonged, although significant functional[]

  • Inclusion Body Myositis

    She noticed gradual muscle weakness in 2015 and the gradual development of dysarthria and dysphagia in 2017.[] Over half of physicians reported that a subset of their patients with sIBM had a shortened lifespan (8/13), and agreed that bulbar dysfunction/dysphagia/oropharyngeal involvement[] Unlike MND, dysphagia in IBM is not accompanied by dysarthria.[]

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